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Vegetation description

Four mangroves habitats can be distinguished in Jamaica: silt, sand, peat and coral reefs. The four American species, Rhizophora mangle, (red mangrove), Laguncularia racemosa, Avicennia nitida and Conocarpus erectus, are all represented.

Asprey, G.F. & Robbins, R.G. 1953. The vegetation of Jamaica. Ecological Monographs, Vol. 23. The United States, Durham, N.C.

National level mangrove area estimates







7 000

FAO, UNEP. 1981. Los Recursos Forestales de la America Tropical. Proyecto de Evaluación de los Recursos Forestales Tropicales (en el marco de SINUVIMA). FAO, UNEP, Rome 349 pp.


Estimation and updating based on FAO. 1972. Forest Inventory of Jamaica. By K.M. Gray and G.A. Symes - FO:SF/JAM/5. Technical Report No.3. Kingston.


9 751

Owen B. Evelyn and R. Camirand, 2000. Forest cover and deforestation in Jamaica: an analysis of forest cover estimates over time. (unpublished)


Based on remote sensing developed by the Forestry Department/Trees for Tomorrow Project (FD-TFT). LANDSAT TM scale 1:100 000


10 624

Bacon P.R. 1993. Mangroves in the Lesser Antilles, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. In: Lacerda, L.D. 1993. Conservation and sustainable utilization of mangrove forests in Latin America and Africa regions. Vol. 2 Part I- Latin America. p. 155 210. Mangrove Ecosystems technical reports ITTO/ISME Project PD114/90 (F). Okinawa, Japan. 272 pp.


Ground survey


20 200

Snedaker, S.C. 1991. Personal communication.


Cited in: Fisher, P and Spalding, M.D. 1993. Protected areas with mangrove habitat. Draft Report World Conservation Centre, Cambridge, UK. 60 pp. Original data from Barry Wide (General Manager, Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica), based on a range of 50,000 to 70,000 acres for the wetlands (i.e. mangrove and marsh).


9 731

Forestry Department-Government of Jamaica. 2000. National Forest Management and Conservation Plan. Draft


Based on remote sensing: land use/cover types area 1989 and 1988 watershed management unit and protection status. Forestry Dep. 1994


1 900

Spalding, M.D., Blasco, F. and Field, C.D., eds. 1997. World Mangrove Atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan. 178 pp.


Map analysis. Scale unknown.


11 978

EC/FAO. 2000. Data Collection and Analysis for Sustainable Forest Management. In ACP Countries Linking National and International Efforts. Proceedings of the Sub-Regional Workshop on Data Collection and Outlook Effort for Forestry in the Caribbean, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago


The figure is the extent of swamps and mangroves.

Trends in mangrove area extent over time

The estimate for 1980 is based on expert estimate.

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