Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page


(*References are in English unless otherwise indicated.)

1. Almeida, M.R. and Rezende, M.E.A. 1982 '0 processo de carbonizaçao continua de madeira.' Florestal Acesita, S/A, Minas Gerais, Brazil. (In Portuguese)

2. Anon. 1976 ' Chemicals from wood are economical now.' Chemical and engineering news, No. 54, 6 Dec. New York. pp 4-5.

3. Antunes, R.C. 1982 'Briquetagem de carvão vegetal'. CETEC, Minas Gerais,Brazil. (In Portuguese).

4. Booth, H.E. 1974 ' Abastecimiento a largo plazo de carbon de leña para Altos Hornos Zapla'. UNDP. FAO. Arg. 70/536, Documento de Trabajo No. 13. (In Spanish)

5. Booth, H.E. 1979 'Charcoal in the energy crisis of the developing world'. Forestry Department, FAO, Rome.

6. Booth, H.E. 1981 'Realities of making charcoal'. Unasylva, 33 (131) 37-8. FAO, Rome.

7. Booth, H.E. et al. 1983 'Charcoal production and technology'. FAO/ESCAP Regional Energy Development Programme. RAS/80/001. Wood Energy Programme, Forestry Department, FAO, Rome.

8. Bunburry, H.M. 1925 The destructive distillation of wood'. J. Springer, Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany.

9. Churchouse, A.H. 1954 Wood distillation' in Thorpe's Dictionary of Applied Chemistry, 4th ed. Longmans, Green and Co., U.K.

10. Churchouse, A.H. 1968 Wood carbonisation pp 72-80 in Manufactured Carbon, Davidson, J.H. et al, Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K.

11. Conaghan, H.F. 1940 Effect of the temperature of carbonisation of wood on some of the properties of the charcoal produced'. NSW State Fuel Res. Com. Report. Sydney, Australia.

12. Doat, J. & Petroff, G. 1975 La carbonisation des bois tropicaux'. Revue Bois et Forêts Tropiques, No. 181. (In French)

13. Doat, J. 1977 'Le pouvoir calorifique des bois tropicaux'. Revue Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, No. 172. (In French)

14. Doat, J. 1978 'Le bois tropicaux, source potentielle d'energie'. Revue Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, No. 181. (In French)

15. FAO. 1983 'Simple technologies for charcoal making'. FAO Forestry Paper No. 41, Rome.

16. Guimaraes, A.F. 1981 'Plantas de carbonizaçao continua'. Aldred do Brasil, Minas Gerais, Brazil. (In Portuguese).

17. Hassler, J.H. 1963 Activated carbon'. Chem. Publ. Co., New York, USA.

18. Hassler, J.H. 1974 Purification with activated carbon'. Chem. Publ. Co., New York, USA.

19. Hermescec, B. 1981 Forest energy in Papua New Guinea'. Papua New Guinea Forest Dept., Port Moresby

20. Humphreys, F.R. & Ironside, G.E. 1981 'Charcoal from NSW species of timber 3rd ed., Forestry commission of NSW. Sydney.

21. Klar, M. 1937 'Wood Distillation'. Holz als Rohr u Werkstoff, 1.(8), 139-145 (In German).

22. Koch, P. 1972 'Utilization of the southern pines'. Vol II pp 1499-1504. Agriculture Handbook No. 420. US Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Washington D.C.

23. Kollmann, F. 'Tecnologia de madera y sus aplicaciones', Ministerio de Agricultura, Madrid. (In Spanish).

24. Lambert, M.J. 1981 Inorganic constituents in wood and bark of some NSW forest species'. For. Com. NSW. Research Note 45, Sydney

25. Lambiotte, A. 1942 Continuous carbonisation and destructive distillation of cellulosic materials such as wood'. US Patent 2,289,917

26. Mantell, C.L. 1968 Carbon and graphite handbook', pp 126-33. Interscience Publishers. New York.

27. Mantell, C.L. 1968 Carbon and graphite handbook'. Chapt. 13. Adsorbents. Interscience Publishers. New York.

28. Mayer, P.M. 1978 A produçao integrada de carvão vegetal siderurgico: uma analise economica'. congreso ILAFA-Altos Hornos. Instituto Latinoamericana del Fierro y Acero. (In Portuguese).

29. Meyers, H. 1978 'Charcoal ironmaking - a technical and economic review of Brazillian experience'. UNIDO. UNIDO/IOD.228

30. Schanz, J.J. & Parry, R.H. 1962 The activated carbon industry'. Ind. Eng Chem. 54 (12), 24-28. USA

31. Rienks, J. 1976 Charcoal burner and waste heat systems'. Proc. p-75-13 pp. 104-6. For. Prod. Res. Soc., Madison, Wise.

32. Smisek, M. 1970 'Active carbon manufacture, properties and applications', Elsevier, Amsterdam.

33. Trossero, M.A. 'Carbonizaciòn de leña: Paràmetros comparativos'. Congreso ILAFA-Altos Hornos. Instituto Latinoamericano del Fierro y el Acero. (In Spanish). 1982

34. Waisberg, B. 1982 'Utilizacao do carvão vegetal na industria de cimento'. SOEICOM, Vespasiano, Minas Gerais, Brazil. (In Portuguese).

35. Yushano, S.N. 1978 Some problems of efficient utilization of wood and charcoal'. Gidrol i Lesochimicheskaya Promyschlennost. No. 6 (In Russian).

Previous Page Top of Page Next Page