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Annexe 5: Bibliographie

Gestion durable des forêts

1 Calder, I.R., Hall, R.L. & Adlard, P.G., eds. 1992. Growth and water use of forest plantations. Chichester, UK, John Wiley and Sons.

2 Carpenter, R., ed. 1983. Natural systems for development - what planners need to know. New York, McMillan Press.

3 Centre Technique Forestier Tropical. 1989. Mémento du forestier. 3ème édition. Ministère de la Coopération et du Développement. Paris, Jouve.

4 CIFOR. 2001. C&I for sustainable development of industrial tropical tree plantations (with links to a Code of Practice). Bogor Barat, Indonesia.

5 CIFOR. 2001. Code of practice for industrial tree plantation development in the tropics. Bogor Barat, Indonesia.

6 CIFOR. 2003. Fast-wood forestry, myths and realities. Bogor Barat, Indonesia.

7 Consumers Association of Canada (CSA). Certification of forest products. Web site: .asp?language=english.

8 Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Philippines), International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) & FAO. 2000. Proceedings of International Conference on Timber Plantation Development, November, 2000, Manila, the Philippines.

9 Dyck. Bill. 2003. Benefits of planted forests: social, ecological and economic. Presented at the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) Intersessional Experts Meeting on the Role of Planted Forests in Sustainable Forest Management, 24–30 March 2003, Wellington, New Zealand.

10 Eldridge, K., Davidson, J. & van Wyk, G. 1994. Domestication and breeding of eucalypts. Oxford, UK, Clarendon Press.

11 Evans, J. 1982. Plantation forestry in the tropics (1st edn). Oxford Science Publications. Oxford, UK, Clarenden Press.

12 Evans, J. 1992. Plantation forestry in the tropics (2nd edn.). Tree planting for industrial, social environmental and agroforestry purposes. Oxford, UK, Clarendon Press.

13 Evans, J. & Turnbull, J.W. 2004. Plantation forestry in the tropics. Role of Silviculture, and Use of Planted Forests for Industrial, Social, Environmental and Agroforestry Purposes (3rd edn). Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press.

14 FAO. 1967. FAO Proceedings of the World Symposium on Man-Made Forests and Their Industrial Importance, Canberra, Australia. Volume 1. Position papers; Volume 2. Special invited papers; and Volume 3. Voluntary papers.

15 FAO. 1985. Ecological effects of eucalyptus. FAO Forestry Paper No. 59. Rome.

16 FAO. 1988. Eucalypt dilemma. Executive summary of Forestry Paper No. 59. Rome.

17 FAO. 1995. Code of conduct for responsible fisheries. Rome.

18 FAO. 1996. Forest codes of practice – contributing to environmentally sound forest operations. FAO Forestry Paper No. 133. Rome.

19 FAO. 1998. Guidelines for the management of tropical forests. Vol. 1. Production of wood. FAO Forestry Paper No. 135. Rome.

20 FAO. 2000. Report of the Panel of Eminent Experts on Ethics in Food and Agriculture. Rome.

21 FAO. 2002. Proceedings of Second Expert Meeting on Harmonizing Forest Related Definitions for Use by Various Stakeholders. Organized by FAO in collaboration with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO), the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) & the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Rome.

22 FAO. 2003. State of the World’s Forests 2003. Rome.

23 FAO. 2004. Global Forest Resources Assessment Update 2005. Specification of National Reporting Tables for FRA 2005. Rome.

24 FAO. 2005. Proceedings of Third Expert Meeting on Harmonizing Forest-Related Definitions for Use by Various Stakeholders. Organized by FAO in collaboration with CIFOR, IPCC, IUFRO, ITTO & UNEP, Rome, January 2005.

25 FAO. 2005. State of the World’s Forests 2005. Rome.

26 FAO. 2006. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005. FAO Forestry Paper No. 147. Rome.

27 FAO & CIFOR. 2003. Towards equitable partnerships between corporate and smallholder partners: relating partnerships to social, economic and environmental indicators. Synthesis of workshop, Bogor Barat, Indonesia, 21–23 May 2002 (also available at

28 FAO & the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 1992. Plantation forestry in the South Pacific: a compilation and assessment of practices. RAS/86/036 Field Document 8, June 1992. Port Vila, Vanuatu, South Pacific Forestry Development Programme.

29 Finnish Forest Certification System (FFCS). Undated. Web site:

30 Forest and Trade Asia. Undated. Practical guidance and news updates on forest certification in Asia and the Pacific region. Web site:

31 Forest Certification Chile (CERTFOR). Undated. Web site:

32 Forest Stewardship Council. 2006. FSC Plantations Review Policy Working Group final report. Bonn, Germany.

33 Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Undated. Forest Stewardship Council and the development of a certification scheme for planted forests (available at

34 Garforth, M. & Mayers, J. 2005. Plantations, privatization, poverty and power – changing ownership and management of state forests. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). London, Earthscan.

35 Gillis M. & Repetto, R. 1990. The new forestry, an ecosystem approach to land management. BioScience, 40(8): 558–562.

36 Higman S., Mayers J., Judd N. & Nussbaum, R. 2005. Sustainable forestry handbook (2nd edn.). London, Earthscan.

37 ILO. 1998. Declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work. International Labour Organization, 86th Session, Geneva.

38 Intergovernmental Forum on Forests. 1999. Role of planted forests in sustainable forest management. Report of the International Expert Consultation, Santiago, Chile, April, 1999.

39 International Forest Science Consultancy. Undated. Manual on the management of plantation forests, by Alistair Fraser. Edinburgh, Scotland.

40 IPPC. 1991. International Plant Protection Convention. Rome, FAO.

41 ITTO. 1993. Conservation of biological diversity in tropical production forests. ITTO Policy Development Series 5. Yokohama, Japan, International Tropical Timber Organization.

42 ITTO. 1993. ITTO guidelines for the establishment and sustainable management of planted tropical forests. Yokohama, Japan, International Tropical Timber Organization.

43 ITTO. 2002. ITTO guidelines for the restoration, management and rehabilitation of degraded and secondary tropical forests. ITTO Policy Development Series No 13. Yokohama, Japan, International Tropical Timber Organization in collaboration with CIFOR, FAO, World Conservation Union (IUCN) & the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

44 ITTO. 2006 (in print). Guidelines for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in tropical timber production forests. Yokohama, Japan, International Tropical Timber Organization.

45 Kanowski, P. 2005. Intensively managed planted forests. Paper prepared for the Forest Dialogue Meeting on Intensively Managed Planted Forests, Gland, Switzerland, June 2005. Canberra, Australia, Australian National University.

46 Kronka, F.J., Bertolani, F. & Ponce, R. 2005. A cultura do Pinus no Brasil. São Paulo, Brasil, Sociedade Brasileira de Silvicultura.

47 Laarman, J., Virtanen, K. & Jurvelius, M. 1981. Choice of technology in forestry, a Philippine case study. Geneva, International Labour Organization.

48 Lima, W.P. 1996. Impacto ambiental do eucalipto. São Paulo, Brasil, Edusp.

49 Metafore. Undated. MetaFore – conserves, protects and restores the world’s forests. Web site:

50 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and human well-being. Volume 1. Current status and trends; Volume 2. Scenarios; Volume 3. Policy responses; and Volume 4. Multiscale assessments. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series. Washington, DC, Island Press.

51 Mora, A.L. & Garcia, C.H. 2000. A cultura do eucalipto no Brasil (Eucalypt cultivation in Brazil). São Paulo, Brasil, Sociedade Brasileira de Silvicultura.

52 Nussbaum, R. & Simula, M. 2005. Forest certification handbook (2nd edn.). London, Earthscan.

53 Poore, D. & Sayer J. 1987. Management of tropical moist forest lands - ecological guidelines. Gland, Switzerland, World Conservation Union (IUCN).

54 Price, W.C., Rana, N. & Sample, V.A. 2005. Plantations and protected areas in sustainable forestry. Binghampton, NY, Food Products Press.

55 Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification. Undated. PEFC certification. Web site:

56 Savill, P.S. & Evans, J. 1986. Plantation silviculture in temperate regions. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

57 Sayer, J. 1993. Plantations in the tropics – environmental concerns. World Conservation Union (IUCN), in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) & the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

58 Sustainable Forestry Initiative Program. 2005. Sustainable forest initiative (SFI) standard, 2005 – 2009 edition. A reference document – overview, governance, guidance and historical information. Sustainable forest management principles, objectives, performance measures and indicators applied in the United States and Canada.

59 United Nations. 1992. Convention on Biological Diversity (also available at

60 United Nations. 1992. Non-legally binding authoritative statement of principles for a global consensus on the management, conservation, and sustainable development of all types of forests (‘Forest Principles’). In Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3–14 June 1992 (also available at and

61 United Nations. 1992. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (also available at

62 United Nations. 1994. UN Convention to Combat Desertification (also available at

63 United Nations. 2000. United Nations Millennium Declaration. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations, New York, September 2000.

64 United Nations Environment Programme & FAO. 1999. Proceedings of the International Meeting on Special Needs and Requirements of Developing Countries with Low Forest Cover and Unique Types of Forests, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, October 1999.

65 United Nations Forum on Forests. 2003. Role of planted forests in sustainable forest management. Report of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) Intersessional Experts Meeting, 25–27 March 2003, Wellington, New Zealand.

66 Wiersum, K.F. 1984. Strategies and designs for afforestation, reforestation and tree planting. Proceedings of an international symposium on the occasion of 100 years of forestry education and research in the Netherlands, Wageningen, September, 1983. Wageningen, Netherlands, Pudoc Wageningen.

Politique et législation

67 Anderson, D. 1987. Economics of afforestation: a case study in Africa. Baltimore, MD, John Hopkins University Press.

68 Bruce J.W. 1998. Tenure brief. Review of tenure and terminology. Madison, WI, Land Tenure Center.

69 FAO. 2003. Multilingual thesaurus on land tenure. Rome.

70 FAO. 2004. What does it take? Role of incentives in forest plantation development in Asia and the Pacific. RAP Publication 2004/7, Bangkok, Thailand, FAO Asia Pacific Forestry Commission.

71 FAO. 2005. Best practices for improving law compliance in the forest sector. FAO Forestry Paper No. 145. Rome, International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) & FAO.

72 FAO. 2005. Negotiation and mediation techniques for natural resources management. Rome.

73 ILO. 2002. Employment in forestry, wood, pulp and paper. Geneva, International Labour Organization (also available at public/english/dialogue/sector/sectors/forest/emp.htm).

74 ILO. 2006. Conditions of work and employment programme. Geneva, International Labour Organization (also available at public/english/protection/condtrav/).

75 Keipi, K. 1997. Financing forest plantations in Latin America: government incentives. Unasylva, 188: 50–56.

76 Kohler, V., ed. 1990. Integration of management of tropical forests into regional development. Proceedings of a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, 2–7 July 1990. Feldafing, Germany, Food and Agriculture Development Center, German Foundation for International Development Development (ZEL/DSE); Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, ASEAN Institute of Forest Management.

77 Repetto, R. & Gillis, M. 1988. Public policies and the misuse of forest resources. Washington, DC, Cambridge University Press.

78 Romano, F. & Reeb, D. 2006. Understanding Forest tenure: what rights and for whom? International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development, Porto Alegre, Brazil (a study of the situation in Southeast Asia, but with general relevance).

79 Rozelle, S., Jikun Huang & Benziger, V. 2003. Forest exploitation and protection in reform China: assessing the impact of policy, tenure and economic growth (available at facultydocs/Rozelle/Publications/forest_china.pdf).

80 Schmithusen, F. 1990. Législation forestiere – rapport du groupe de travail IUFRO S4.08.03. Zurich, Editeur Herausgeber.

81 White A. & Martin. A. 2002. Who owns the world’s forests: forest tenure and public forests in transition. Washington, DC, Forest Trends.

Evaluation de la faisabilité

82 Asian Development Bank. 1987. Environmental guidelines for development projects - forestry. Manila, Asian Development Bank.

83 Bureau of Rural Sciences. 2003. Impact of forest plantations on water yield, a statement clarifying key scientific issues. Canberra, Australia, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Government of Australia.

84 Dimitriou, I. & Aronsson, P. 2005. Willows for energy and phytoremediation in Sweden. Unasylva, 56(2): 47–50.

85 FAO. 1984. Land evaluation for forestry. Forestry Paper No. 48. Rome.

86 FAO. 1993. Guidelines for land-use planning. Soil resources management and conservation service for the interdepartmental working group on land-use planning. FAO Development Series No. 1. Rome.

87 Fonseca, H., ed. 2005. Indigenous peoples: their forests, struggles and rights. Montevideo, Uruguay, World Rainforest Movement.

88 Gregersen, H.M & Contreras, A.H. 1979. Economic analysis of forestry projects. FAO Forestry Paper No. 17. Rome, FAO.

89 ILO. 1989. Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention. Geneva, International Labour Organization (also available at

90 Ministère français de la Coopération et du Dévelopment. 1979. Guide d'evaluation economique et financiere des projects forestiers. Méthodologie de la Planification.

91 Zimmermann, R.C. 1982. Environmental impact of forestry, guidelines for its assessment in developing countries. FAO Conservation Guide No. 7. Rome.

Etablissement des forêts plantées

92 ACIAR. 1996. Matching trees and sites. Aciar Proceedings No 63. Proceedings of an international workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 1995. Canberra, Australia, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.

93 Agenzia per la Protezione dell'Ambiente e per i Servizi Tecnici (APAT), International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) & Dalarna University. 2003. Nursery production and stand establishment of broadleaves to promote sustainable forest management. Proceedings of a conference hosted by APAT, IUFRO & Dalarna University, Rome, Italy, 2001.

94 Appanah, S. & Weinland, G. 1993. Planting quality timber trees in peninsular Malaysia, Malayan Forest Records No. 38. Kepong, Kuala Lumpur, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM).

95 CFI. 1980. A guide to species selection for tropical and subtropical plantations. Tropical Forestry Papers No. 15. Oxford, UK, Department of Forestry, Commonwealth Forestry Institute, Unversity of Oxford; London, Overseas Development Administration.

96 FAO. 1992. Mixed and pure forest plantations in the tropics and subtropics. FAO Forestry Paper No. 103. Rome.

97 FAO. 1995. Selecting tree species on the basis of community needs. Community Forestry Field Manual No. 5. Rome.

98 FAO. 2004. Are genetically modified trees a threat to forests?, by El-Lakany, M.H. 2004. In Forest Threats. Unasylva, 55(2) (also available at

99 FAO. 2004. Preliminary review of biotechnology in forestry, including genetic modification. Forest Genetic Resources Working Paper No. 59, Rome (also available at ae574e/AE574E00.htm).

100 FRIM. 2002. A manual for forest plantation establishment in Malaysia. Baskaran Krishnapillay, ed. Malayan Forest Records No. 45. Kepong, Kuala Lumpur, Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

101 Lamprecht, H. 1989. Afforestation. In Silviculture in the tropics. Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). Hamburg, Verlag Paul Parey.

102 Lugo, A.E. 1988. Ecosystem rehabilitation in the tropics. Environment, 30(7): 97–20, 41–45.

103 Nepstad, D., Uhl, C. & Serrao, E.A. 1990. Surmounting barriers to forest regeneration in abandoned, highly degraded pastures (Paragominas, Para, Brazil). In A.B. Anderson, ed. Alternatives to deforestation: steps towards sustainable utilization of Amazon forests. New York, Columbia University Press.

104 UAIC, Congo. 1985. Eucalyptus en République Populaire du Congo - experience originale d'afforestation industrielle par la technique du bouturage. Communication au IXe Congrés Forestier Mondial, Mexico, 1985. Pointe-noire, Congo, Unité d’afforestation industriellle du Congo.

105 World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 1999. Position paper on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). WWF Paper 1 May 1999 (also available at http://

Gestion post-établissement

106 CGIAR. Undated. System-wide programme on IPM. Web sites:; Consortium for International Crop Protection (GICP), IPMnet:

107 FAO. 1987. Appropriate wood harvesting in plantation forests. FAO Forestry Paper No. 78. Rome.

108 FAO. 2002. International code of conduct on the distribution and use of pesticides (revised version). Rome.

109 FAO. 2004. Preliminary review of biotechnology in forestry, including genetic modification. Forest Genetic Resources Working Paper No. 59. Rome.

110 FAO. 2005. Alien and invasive species: impacts on forests and forestry. Rome (available at

111 FAO. 2005. Invasive tree species database. Rome (available at

112 FAO. Undated. IPM Web site:

113 Fearnside, P.M. 1987. Jari at age 19: lessons for Brazil's silvicultural plans at Carajas. Interciencia, 13(1): 12–24.

114 Global IPM Facility – FAO, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank & United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) collaborative programme. Web site:

115 International Plant Protection Centre (IPPC). Undated. Database of IPM resources (DIR). Web-based international information retrieval and referral system and compendium of customized directories of worldwide IPM information resources. Web site:

116 IPM Collaborative Research Support Programme (IPM CRISP). Blacksburg, VA, Office of International Research, Education and Development, Virginia Tech. Web site:

117 Lamprecht, H. 1989. Silviculture in industrial tree plantations. Chapter 8 in Silviculture in the Tropics. Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg for Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ).

118 Melack, J.M. 2001. Planning and management of lakes and reservoirs: an integrated approach to eutrophication. Nairobi, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (an abridged version of the book is available at

119 Toro, J. & Gessel, S. 1999. Radiata pine plantations in Chile. New Forests, 18(1): 33–44.

120 UNECE. International forest fire news. Semi-annual publication. Geneva, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (also available at

Systèmes d’information spatiale, systèmes forestiers, analyse des systèmes forestiers

121 Bossel, H. & Bruenig, E.F. 1992. Natural resource systems analysis – ecological and socio-economic systems and sensitivity analysis for conservation and management of forest ecosystems and natural resources in South-East Asia. With contributions by S. Buhman (Cosmos) & A. von Hesler. Doc. No. 1655 A/a-TK 78-300-89 ex. Feldafing, Germany, Food and Agriculture Development Center, German Foundation for International Development (ZEL/DSE).

122 Bruenig, E.F., Bossel, H., Elpek, K.P., Grossmann, K.D., Schneider, T.W., Wang Zhu-Hao & Yu, Zuo-Yue. 1986. Ecological-socioeconomic system analysis and simulation: a guide for application of system analysis to the conservation, utilization and development of tropical and subtropical land resources in China. Hamburg, Institute of World Forestry. Feldafing, Germany, Food and Agriculture Development Center, German Foundation for International Development (ZEL/DSE); Bonn, Germany, ‘Man and the Biosphere’ Nat. Comm. Mitt. 24.

123 Bruenig, E.F., Cosmos, S. & Lau, J. 1993. Concept and functioning of IMSIS: a demonstration with a practical case study in Sarawak. Sarawak GIS Conference and Exhibition, Kuching, 14–16 January 1993. Kuching, Forest Department Sarawak.

124 Plantation Information Network. Undated. Web-based information, reports, links and data for Australia, including commercial environmental forestry products (available at


125 FAO. 1996. Model code of forest harvesting practice, by Dennis P. Dykstra & Rudolf Heinrich. Bogor Barat, Indonesia, CIFOR; Rome, FAO.

126 FAO. 2003. Code régional d’exploitation forestière à faible impact dans les forets denses tropicales humides d’Afrique Centrale et de l’Ouest. Rome, FAO-EC Partnership Programme.

127 FAO. 2005. Regional code of practice for reduced-impact forest harvesting in tropical moist forests of West and Central Africa. Rome, FAO-EC Partnership Programme.

Gestion des incendies

128 Bukmam, J.M. 2006. Chief fire officer’s desk reference. Fairfax, VA, International Association of Fire Chiefs.

129 FAO. 2002. Guidelines on fire management in temperate and boreal forests. Forest Protection Working Papers, Working Paper FP/1/E. Rome

130 Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC). Undated. Web site:

131 Goh, K.T., Schwela, D.H., Goldammer, J.G. & Simpson O. 1999. Health guidelines for vegetation fire events. Background papers. Published on behalf of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Health Organization (WHO) & the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Singapore, Institute of Environmental Epidemiology, Ministry of the Environment; Singapore, Namic Printers.

132 Goldammer, J.G. & de Ronde, C., eds. 2004. Wildland fire management handbook for sub-Sahara Africa. Freiburg, Germany, Global Fire Management Center; Cape Town, South Africa, Oneworldbooks.

133 ITTO. 1997. ITTO guidelines on fire management in tropical forests. Policy Development Series No. 6. Yokohama, Japan, International Tropical Timber Organization. Web site:

134 Jurvelius, M. & Luukkanen, O. 2007. Wildland Fire Management Handbook for Trainers. Helsinki, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Finland.

135 Schwela, D.H., Goldammer, J.G., Morawska, L.H. & Simpson, O. 1999. Health guidelines for vegetation fire events. Guideline document. Published on behalf of UNEP, WHO & WMO. Singapore, Institute of Environmental Epidemiology, Ministry of the Environment; Singapore, Double Six Press.

136 Schwela, D.H., Morawska, L.H. & Abu Bakar bin Jafar. 1999. Health guidelines for vegetation fire events. Teachers' guide. Published on behalf of UNEP, WHO & WMO. Singapore, Institute of Environmental Epidemiology, Ministry of the Environment; Singapore, Double Six Press.


137 ILO. 1998. Code of practice on safety and health in forestry work. Report of the Tripartite Meeting of Experts, Geneva, 1998. Geneva, International Labour Organization (also available at cops/english/download/e981284.pdf).

138 ILO. 2000. Approaches to labour inspection in forestry – problems and solutions. Geneva, International Labour Organization (also available at

139 ILO. 2001. Globalization and sustainability: forestry and wood industries on the move. Report for discussion at the Tripartite Expert Meeting on the Social and Labour Dimensions of the Forestry and Wood Industries on the Move, Geneva, 2001 (also available at tmfwi01/tmfwir.pdf).

140 ILO. 2005. Guidelines for labour inspection in forestry. Meeting of Experts to Develop Guidelines for Labour Inspection in Forestry, ILO, Geneva, 2005 (also available at guidelines.pdf).

141 Poschen, P. 2000. Social criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management. A guide to ILO texts. ILO/GTZ Forestry Certification Project Working Paper No. 3. Geneva, International Labour Organization (also available at .pdf).

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