农业食品经济

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核算粮食真实成本,促进农业粮食体系转型
主要报告, 2023
农业粮食体系为社会带来巨大利益,包括滋养人类的食物以及十亿多人的就业和生计。然而,“一切照常”式的活动和做法难以为继,其负面影响导致气候变化、自然资源退化、健康食品价格居高不下。如何应对这些负面影响,是个重大挑战,因为公众、企业、政府及其他利益相关方在日常决策时,对自身活动如何影响经济、社会和环境的可持续性缺乏全面了解。 《2023年粮食及农业状况》为打造可持续的农业粮食体系核算了真实的粮食成本。本报告介绍了农业粮食体系的环境、社会和健康隐性成本和收益的概念,提出了评估这些成本和收益的方法 — 真实成本核算。为了落实真实成本核算方法,报告提出了一个两阶段的核算进程,首先是依靠国家一级的真实成本核算来提高认识,然后再进行深入和有针对性的核算,以确定解决方案的优先次序并指导农业粮食体系的转型行动。本报告首次尝试对154个国家进行核算,结果表明,全球农业粮食体系的隐性成本至少达到10万亿2020年购买力平价美元。核算表明,相对于国民收入而言,低收入国家的农业粮食体系隐性成本负担最大。尽管这些估算是初步的,但分析表明,迫切需要将隐性成本纳入农业粮食体系转型决策。各国需要在研究和数据方面进行创新,同时在数据收集和能力建设方面进行投资,以扩大真实成本核算的应用范围,特别是在中等偏下收入国家,从而使真实成本核算成为一个可行工具,以透明和一致的方式为决策提供参考。 与主发布的其他材料也可用: 在线阅读 在线阅读全本数字报告 下载宣 概要
核算粮食真实成本促进农业粮食体系转型
主要报告, 2023
本概要为联合国粮农组织旗舰出版物《2023年粮食及农业状况》(SOFA)的简本,其包含该出版物的主要信息和要点,以媒体、决策者和更广泛的读者为目标受众。 与主发布的其他材料也可用:  在线阅读 在线阅读全本数字报告用英语 下载 完整報告用英语
Background paper for The State of Food and Agriculture 2023
技术研究, 2023
FAO Agricultural Development Economics Technical Study, No. 31. This background paper to The State of Food and Agriculture 2023 examines the annual hidden costs of agrifood systems across 2016–2023 for 154 countries. Hidden costs include environmental hidden...
语言版本:English
Background paper for The State of Food and Agriculture 2023
工作文件, 2023
FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper, No. 23-13. This background paper to The State of Food and Agriculture 2023 describes how true cost accounting (TCA) and the lessons learned from its application can inform efforts to develop a...
语言版本:English
Background paper for The State of Food and Agriculture 2023
工作文件, 2023
FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper, No. 23-12. This background paper to The State of Food and Agriculture 2023 reviews the methods used, as well as the data required, to estimate the hidden environmental, social and health costs...
语言版本:English
Background paper for The State of Food and Agriculture 2023
工作文件, 2023
FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper, No. 23-11. This background paper to The State of Food and Agriculture 2023 introduces true cost accounting (TCA) as an approach to measure and value the costs and benefits generated by agrifood...
语言版本:English
政策简报, 2023
FAO Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief, No. 68. Agrifood systems are invaluable to society. However, they also contribute to climate change and natural resource degradation while failing to provide healthy diets to all. Many of these...
语言版本:English
Opportunities and barriers for youth employment and entrepreneurship in the emerging bioeconomy sectors
技术研究, 2023
FAO Agricultural Development Economics Technical Study, No. 30. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of key challenges and barriers to achieving greater youth inclusion in the bioeconomy. The analysis covers key factors (push/pull factors) that impact...
语言版本:English
Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023
工作文件, 2023
FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper, No. 23-08. This background paper to The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023 discusses the dynamics and drivers of urbanization, the associated changes in agrifood systems and the...
语言版本:English
Third edition
手册/准则, 2023
The Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Tool for value chains (EX-ACT VC) is a quantitative multi-appraisal tool that evaluates the sustainability of agrifood value chains simultaneously along several environmental, economic, and social dimensions. It analyses greenhouse gas (GHG)...
语言版本:English