Gender Differences in the Transitional Economy of Viet Nam


Ha Noi, August 2002











Table of Contents


A synthesis report prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific with UNDP Support for Policy and Programme Development.

Published by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the United Nations Development Programme, Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorised without prior written permission from copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Application of such permission should be addressed to the Meetings and Publications Officer, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Phra Athit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or UNDP, 25-29 Phan Boi Chau, Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

Copyright by FAO/UNDP
ISBN 974-7946-21-1

For copies, contact:
FAO Viet Nam

FAO-VNM@fao.org

or

UNDP Viet Nam
registry@undp.org.vn

or

FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
E-mail: FAO-RAP@fao.org

Key Gender Findings:
Second Viet Nam Living Standards Survey, 1997-98

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations or of the United Nations Development Programme concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

August 2002


Table of Contents


Acknowledgements

Foreword

Glossary and Abbreviations

1. Introduction

1.1. Technical issues
1.2. Structure of report

2. Household Structure, Living Standards Incomes and Savings

2.1. Household Structure
2.2. Living Standard Differences between Male and Female Headed Households
2.3. Gender Differences in Incomes and Expenditures
2.4. Gender Differences in Savings and Borrowing

3. Work and Income Generation

3.1. Labour Supply of Women and Men
3.2. Gender Differences in Non-Farm Enterprises
3.3. Gender Differences in Farming
3.4. Women and Men in Waged Work

4. Education, Health and Nutrition

4.1. Gender Differences in Education
4.2. Gender Differences in Nutritional Status
4.3. Gender Differences in Health and Use of Health Care
4.4. Pregnancy and Contraception

5. Determinants of Poverty and Living Conditions

5.1. Poverty Indicators
5.2. Variables in Poverty and Living Conditions

6. Broad Gender Responsive Policy Framework

7. Conclusions

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