SEAGA
Socio-Economic and Gender Analysis
for Emergency and Rehabilitation Programmes

 

 

 

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Table of Contents



Reprinted 2008

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© FAO/WFP 2005

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Food Programme concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

GUIDELINES

Document Hints and Links
Acronyms

MODULE 1: INTRODUCTION

Background

Approach for Developing Frameworks of Analysis and Action
Social Impacts of Emergencies
Meaning of Gender Mainstreaming in Humanitarian Assistance

Rationale

Gender Mainstreaming and Common Assistance Programming

Commitments to Gender in Displacement and Poverty

Differential Impact on Men and Women of Hurricane Mitch
Integrated Approach to Care of Victims of Violence
Gender-specific War Crimes
Resources for Consideration in Gender Mainstreaming
Common Practical Needs and Food Security Constraints
Common Strategic Needs and Food Security Constraints
Common Special Needs of Women and Men for Food Security
Implications of Gender Roles in Food Distribution
Causes and Consequences of Low Yearly Enrolment of Children in Primary Schools, Triggered by Drought and Economic Depression

SEAGA Programme
Objectives of the Guidelines
Structure of the Guidelines

MODULE 2: FOUNDATION (SEAGA OVERVIEW)

SEAGA Approach

Quantitative and Qualitative Data Definitions

Rapid and Participatory Rural Appraisal (RRA and PRA)

Typologies of Sampling

SEAGA Concepts

Typologies of Participation

SEAGA Framework

SEAGA Levels
Linkages
Framework of Linkages between Policies and Food Security
Impact of Structural Changes on Agricultural Production and Farmers (Example Conceptual Framework)

Aspects of SEAGA Analysis
Gender Mainstreaming Analysis - Simple Situation Profile Outline
SEAGA Substantive Process Outline
SEAGA Framework Profile - Context Analysis
SEAGA Framework Profile - Livelihoods Analysis
SEAGA Framework Profile - Stakeholders Analysis
SEAGA Framework Profile - Needs and Constraints Analysis
SEAGA Matrix - Context Analysis Tools
SEAGA Matrix - Livelihoods Analysis Tools
SEAGA Matrix - Stakeholders Analysis Tools
SEAGA Matrix - Resources, Needs and Constrains Analysis Tool

Logical Framework

Logical Framework Structure
Performance Indicators

Question Tank - Engendered Logical Framework

Goal Checklist
Purpose Objectives Checklist
Outputs Checklist
Activities Checklist
Quantitative Indicators of Participation
Qualitative Indicators of Participation

Question Tank - Programme and Project Review

General Checklist
Gender Equality Checklist
Vulnerable Groups Checklist
Food and Agriculture Checklist
Health Checklist
Water and Sanitation Checklist
Education Checklist
Economic Recovery and Reconstruction Checklist
Child Protection Checklist

MODULE 3: FOOD SECURITY POLICY

Introduction

Chronic and Transitory Food Insecurity

The Role of Food Aid

Roles of Food Aid
Lives and Livelihood Additive and Interactive Cross-cutting Issues
Possible Measures in Addressing Nutritional Crises
Women Returning to Their Lands

Vulnerability

Characteristics of Vulnerability
Levels of Vulnerability

Indicators

Process Indicators
Examples of Food Supply Process Indicators
Examples of Food Access Process Indicators

Outcome Indicators
Examples of Direct Outcome Indicators
Examples of Indirect Outcome Indicators

Coping Strategy Indicators
Examples of Coping Strategy Stage Indicators

Question Tank - Food Security Policy

Socio-Demographic Gender Profile Checklist
Resources, Programmes and Services Mapping Checklist
Consultation Process Checklist
Strategy Areas Checklist
Emergency Situation Food Security Issues/Constraints Checklist.

MODULE 4: INFORMATION

Gender-Specific Information

SEAGA Data Collection and Information Systems

Emergency Situation Information

Critical Vulnerability of Some Population Segments
Population Censuses and Labour Force Surveys

WFP Vulnerability Assessment and Monitoring Network

Example of Factors analyzed in VAM Missions

The FAO Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS)
Question Tank - Information

Information Sources Checklist
Marginal Farmers Checklist
Landless Households Checklist
Farmers in Production Checklist

MODULE 5: PARTNERSHIP AND PARTICIPATION

Partnership Analysis and Mapping

Different Partners for Emergency Operations

Implementation of SEAGA

TQM (Total Quality Management) Schematic for Integration of Humanitarian Agencies into Multi-disciplinary SEAGA Partnerships
Constraints and Solutions for Gender Mainstreaming in Emergency Programming (Example)

Question Tank - Partnership

Partnerships Analysis and Mapping Checklist
Country-Common Inter-agency Core Team Responsibilities Checklist
Key Informants Checklist

MODULE 6: HUMAN RESOURCES

Gender Sensitive Terms of Reference
Identification of Key Informants and Facilitators
Situation Analysis and Needs Assessment
Relief Operations

Qualifications (Project Officers and International Consultants)
TOR - Emergency Relief Programme Specialist
TOR - Participatory Rural Development Specialist: Women’s Groups
TOR - Emergency Coordinator

Question Tank Human Resource

Gender Efficiency Checklist

MODULE 7: SITUATION & NEEDS ASSESSMENT

Overview for Emergency Operations Planning

Needs Assessment
Main Aims of Needs Assessments
Vulnerability Factors

Assessing Food Assistance Needs

CFSAM Complementary Roles
National Food Balance Sheet Criteria
JFNAM Mission Criteria and Activities

Assessing Food Security Needs at Household Level
Linkages between Household Food Security Factors and Nutrition
Intra Household Factors
Assessment of Nutritional Gaps

Assessment of Agricultural Relief Needs

Gender-related Issues at Field, Intermediate and Macro Levels
Access to Services

Seeds
Seed Security
Relief Seed Programmes
Seed Selection Characteristics
Variety Maintenance and Improvement Objectives
Seed Sources
Seed Demand

Agro-chemicals
Agro-Chemicals Criteria

Farming Tools
Effects of Mechanization on Women
Hand Implements and Blacksmith Tools Situation Assessment Criteria
Specialised Knowledge Required to Support Local Hand Tool Production

Livestock
Programme Guidelines
Pastoral Banking Systems
Environmental Considerations

Fisheries
Specialised Knowledge Required to Support Artisan Fishers

Question Tank - Needs Assessment

Situation Checklist
People Affected Checklist
Beneficiary Registration Checklist
Food Item Needs Checklist
Non Food Item Needs Checklist
Livelihood Resumption Needs Checklist
Donor Resources Checklist
Programme Implementation Issues Checklist
Food Basket Checklist

Question Tank - Situation Assessment

Socio-economic Background Checklist
Effects on National Food Security Checklist
Effects on Household Food Security Checklist
Role of Food Aid Checklist
Linkages and Government Food Security Measures Checklist

MODULE 8: TARGETING

Overview for Emergency Operations Planning

Principles
Positive Consequences of Good Targeting

Targeting and Beneficiary Screening Processes

Targeting Steps
Application of Criteria
SEAGA Application in the Development Context
SEAGA Application in the Institutional Context
SEAGA Application in the Livelihoods Context

Targeting Methods

Self Targeting
Administrative Targeting
Community (Participatory) Targeting

Question Tank - Reporting

Target Areas, Groups, Policies and Conduits Checklist
Capacity Building Needs Checklist

MODULE 9: PROCUREMENT AND LOGISTICS

Procurement

Different Phases of the Procurement Process

Logistics

On-site Logistics

Gender-sensitive Specifications for Agricultural Inputs

a) Food Commodities
Description of Food Items

b) Seeds and Planting Material
Specifications and Quality Standards for Seed and Planting Material

c) Agricultural Implements
Agricultural Implements Used by Women Farmers in Africa

d) Livestock
Lessons Learned

e) Agro-chemicals
Agro-chemicals Specifications

Need to Maximise Local Procurement
Establishing Participatory Quality Control Systems

Quality Control Systems

Question Tank - Procurement and Logistics

Logistics Checklist

MODULE 10: MONITORING AND EVALUATION

Monitoring Aims
Aspects of Monitoring and Evaluation Systems
Four Step System Design Process

Results-based Management

Overall Monitoring and Evaluation Criteria

Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation

Two Levels of Beneficiary Contact Monitoring

The Engendered Logical Framework Approach

Example of Indicative Logframe
Review Aspects to Present in Reports

Question Tanks - Monitoring and Evaluation

Reporting System Checklist
Roles of Women Checklist
Beneficiary Contact Monitoring Checklist

MODULE 11: SEAGA TOOLS

Description of Procedures with Examples of Application

Village Social Maps
Trend Lines
Venn Diagrams
Pairwise Ranking
Flow Diagram
Problem Analysis Chart
Farming Systems Diagram
Daily Activity Clocks
Seasonal Calendars
Benefits Analysis Flow Chart
Income and Expenditure Matrices
Resource Picture Cards
Preliminary Community Action Plan
Options Assessment Chart and Best Bets Action Plan

Question Tanks - SEGA Tools

Village Social Maps
Trend Lines
Venn Diagrams
Pairwise Ranking
Flow Diagram
Problem Analysis Chart
Farming Systems Diagram
Seasonal Calendar
Daily Activity Clocks
Benefits Analysis Flow Chart
Incomes and Expenditures Matrix
Picture Resource Cards
Preliminary Community Action Plan
Options Assessment Chart and Best Bets Action Plan

MODULE 12: BIBLIOGRAPHY

International Organization Websites
FAO Web Sites
WFP Web Sites
UN and Bilateral Agencies and NGOs
References and Recommended Reading

BACK COVER