Contents

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Executive summary

 

PART I: SITUATION AND PROSPECTS FOR FOREST CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

The status of forest resources

Status of forest resources and recent developments in forest condition

Status of efforts to assess global forest resources


Status and trends in forest management

Management of natural forests

Forest plantations


Environmental and social services of forests

The role of forest resources in fragile ecosystems

Forests' roles in mitigating global climate change

 

Global trends in forest products

Non-wood forest products: a look at medicinal plants

Contribution of woodfuels to the energy sector

Trade in forest products: current issues and influences

Future supply and demand for industrial roundwood and wood products

 

PART II: POLICY, PLANNING AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

Issues in national forest planning, policy and legislation

Developments related to national forest planning

Recent policy issues

Emerging trends in forest legislation


Evolving institutional framework

New role and structure for forest administrations

Effects of decentralization on forest management

Trends in forestry research and technology transfer

Preparing foresters for change: adapting education and training programmes to new demands

 

PART III: THE INTERNATIONAL DIALOGUE AND INITIATIVES ON FORESTS

UNCED follow-up: an update of the IPF/IFF process


Other global and regional initiatives in support of sustainable forest management

Developments in international conventions and agreements

Developments in criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management

Other initiatives


Issues and options for international instruments to support sustainable forest management

Background

Analysis of the adequacy of legal instruments

Identifying international forest issues

Prerequisites for further progress

Options for an international forest regime

Some key questions for consideration

 

PART IV: FORESTRY IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROUPS

This section presents summary information on forest cover and forest products (production and trade) for the 11 regional economic groups listed below.
In each case, the figures for imports and exports take into account the value of international trade with all countries,
including those within the regional group. The regional economic groups covered are:

European Union (EU)

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)

League of Arab States

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

Association of Southeast-Asian Nations (ASEAN)

South Pacific Forum (SPF)

Latin American Economic System (SELA)

Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

 

ANNEXES

ANNEX 1: Acronyms

ANNEX 2: Definitions

ANNEX 3: Data tables

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY




Editing, design, graphics and desktop publishing:
Editorial Group,
FAO Information Division

 

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.



FAO Documentation Group Cataloguing in Publication Data
FAO, Rome (Italy)

State of the World’s Forests 1999
ISBN 92-5-104193-8

(State of the World’s Forests)
ISSN 1020-5705

1. Forest resources
2. Forestry development
3. Forestry policies
4. Forest protection
5. World
I. Title
II. Series

FAO code: 36
AGRIS: K10


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© FAO 1999