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The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD)

The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease

The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD), one of FAO’s oldest Commissions, came into being on the 12th June 1954, with the pledge of the sixth founding member state to the principles of a coordinated and common action against Foot-and-mouth Disease at a time when the disease was ravaging the continent.

The objective

After 60 years, the Commission is working harder for its member states at a time when the infection circulates in the European neighbourhood and in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Middle-East, and large parts of the Eurasian landmass. The Three Pillars of the EuFMD strategy to counter the threat of the disease have been, since 2013, to work simultaneously with member countries on their preparedness, with European neighbours to put in place sustainable control programmes, and to support and promote the progressive control of FMD in all regions under the Global FMD Control Strategy of FAO and OIE.

About the disease

  • Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. The disease is characterised by the formation of vesicles (fluid-filled blisters) and erosions in the mouth, nose, teats and feet.
  • Although not very lethal in adult animals, it causes serious production losses and is a major constraint in international trade.
  • The FMD situation has improved markedly in recent years particularly in Europe and some countries in south east Asia and South America.
  • The disease remains endemic and at a high prevalence in many countries in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and South America.