Sistemas alimentarios

Nuestro enfoque

Para el 2050, el alimentar a una población mundial de casi 10 mil millones requerirá de una transformación radical en la forma en que se producen, procesan, comercializan y consumen los alimentos. Alimentar a esta población ampliada de manera nutritiva y sostenible requerirá de mejoras sustanciales en los sistemas alimentarios mundiales, regionales y locales de modo que puedan proporcionar empleo decente y medios de vida a los productores y todos los participantes en la cadena alimentaria, ofrecer productos nutritivos a los consumidores, y realizarlo sin dañar los recursos naturales.

La FAO apoya a los gobiernos en la construcción de sistemas alimentarios inclusivos, eficientes y sostenibles impulsados por el liderazgo, con acción basada en mercados y a través de la colaboración informada por el conocimiento y la innovación, y en vinculación con los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. La FAO trabaja en estrecha colaboración con los gobiernos y actores claves tales como el sector privado, las organizaciones de la sociedad civil, las organizaciones económicas regionales y las plataformas que integran la sostenibilidad en sus tres dimensiones (social, económica y ambiental) en los sistemas alimentarios mundiales, regionales y locales. Esto se da debido a que la FAO considera que solo integrando el desarrollo del sistema alimentario y convirtiendo los enfoques holísticos de diagnóstico en acciones, políticas e inversiones, se logrará enfrentar los desafíos de los sistemas alimentarios

Timeline of FAO and Food Systems

Since its inception, FAO has provided an intergovernmental platform where food systems policy is discussed and relevant agreements are negotiated and adopted by its Members. It supports

1952 – FAO adopts the International Plant Protection Convention

1952 – FAO adopts the International Plant Protection Convention

The International Plant Protection Convention is aimed to prevent and control the introduction and spread of plant pests and weeds. The international standards, guidelines and recommendations are recognised by the World Trade Organization Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement. The Convention has been revised twice: in 1979 (entry into force: 1991), and in 1997 (entry into force: 2005), to take account of the increasing international trade and movement of agricultural products. In 1992, the IPPC Secretariat was established, hosted by FAO.

1954 – FAO Principles and Guiding Lines of Surplus Disposal

1954 – FAO Principles and Guiding Lines of Surplus Disposal

These Guiding Lines embrace the view that surplus commodities can be utilized for the promotion of economic development, special welfare distribution and emergency relief.

1972 – UN Conference on the Human Environment

1972 – UN Conference on the Human Environment

The conference, jointly organized by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and FAO, makes 108 substantive recommendations. Of these, FAO is involved in 36 and concentrates on strengthening its existing programmes in a wide range of areas that includes waste disposal and recycling technologies and food contamination control. 

1987 - Safety of food in international trade

1987 - Safety of food in international trade

The Chernobyl Disaster causes serious disruptions to food production and trade of food products. This highlights the importance of FAO's responsibility to advise governments on legislation governing food quality and safety compliance. FAO recommends a number of appropriate approaches to assure orderly trade of foodstuffs that might have been accidentally contaminated with radionuclides.

1995 - Emergency Prevention System for Transboundary Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases (EMPRES)

1995 - Emergency Prevention System for Transboundary Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases (EMPRES)

EMPRES is established to support countries in the fight against transboundary, animal and plant diseases.

1995 – The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries is adopted

1995 – The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries is adopted

Helping to shape the fisheries and aquaculture world for over 20 years, the code continues to be a reference framework for more effective conservation, sustainable management and production of living aquatic resources. 

2008 – The Global Agro-industries Forum

2008 – The Global Agro-industries Forum

Hosted in India, the forum was held to increase market opportunities for small-scale rural producers of developing countries by improving their production, processing and marketing capabilities. The aim was to deliver better products at lower prices for the benefit of poor consumers, and increase employment opportunities.

2014- Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems

2014- Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems

The objective of the Principles is to promote responsible investment in agriculture and food systems that contribute to food security and nutrition.

2014- The SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway

2014- The SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway

The SAMOA Pathway is an international framework that was developed as the outcome of the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS Conference) held in Apia, Samoa.

2015 – Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (MUFPP)

2015 – Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (MUFPP)

MUFPP is an international protocol aimed at tackling food-related issues at the urban level with the aim of building more resilient urban food systems. It was signed  in Milan by over 100 cities and presented the next day to the UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon on the occasion of the World Food Day celebration on 16th October.

2015 – The Sustainable Food Systems Programme (SFS)

2015 – The Sustainable Food Systems Programme (SFS)

The SFS of the UN 10-Year Framework for Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns was launched during the Milan Expo. This is a multi-stakeholder initiative that seeks to accelerate the shift towards more sustainable food systems.

2016- International Year of Pulses

2016- International Year of Pulses

FAO is nominated to implement the International Year of Pulses (IYP). The IYP heightened public awareness of the nutritional benefits of pulses, their role in sustainable food production and healthy diets, in an effort to bolster the livelihoods of farmers and foster trade.

2017 - Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States

2017 - Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States

As a follow up to the SAMOA Pathway, the Global Action Programme (GAP) was launched in Small Developing Island States (SIDS). The GAP was developed jointly by FAO, the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) and the Office of the High Representative for Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (OHRLLS). 

2018 – Sustainable Wood for a Sustainable World (SW4SW) Initiative

2018 – Sustainable Wood for a Sustainable World (SW4SW) Initiative

This joint initiative is led by FAO and supported by ITTO, the World Bank, CIFOR and WWF. The SW4SW intends to advance awareness of the potential contribution of sustainable wood value chains to achieving the SDGs and climate change objectives. Among the expected outcomes are to advance sustainable forest management and to sustainable landscapes, livelihoods, sustainable growth and the bioeconomy.

2019 – FAO Framework for the Urban Food Agenda

2019 – FAO Framework for the Urban Food Agenda

FAO launched the Framework for the Urban Food Agenda at the United Nations President Session of the General Assembly in New York.

This publication was prepared in response to the growing demand for a guide that would assist the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in supporting countries, and their sub-national and local governments, in taking actions to ensure sustainable food systems. This framework will orient efforts for implementing the UN endorsed New Urban Agenda and thereby helping to achieving the goals set out in the 2030 Agenda.