Obesity has become a major global health challenge due to established health risks and substantial increase in prevalence. Being a complex condition it contributes to burden of chronic diseases by affecting all ages and socioeconomic groups. This study aims to indentify the prevalence of obesity and blood lipid profile and their associated factors in Afghanistan.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in Jalalabad within May-June 2013. Multistage random sampling technique was used to enroll 1200 adults of 25-65 Years. Physical measurement including height, weight and blood pressure was collected and blood samples were drawn in fast condition for biochemical measurement including blood lapids. Obesity was defined and categorized using body mass index. Descriptive and inferential analyses were erformed using SPSS v.20.
Approximately one third of adult population in Jalalabad city is suffering from obesity which is a cause of concern. Blood lipid profile is either borderline or more that average among study participants which could contribute to non-communicable disease. Measures such as raising awareness and lifestyle modification may help to reduce the burden of obesity the adults.