Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change
©FAO/Jeanette Van Acker


The Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector accounts for around 20-25% of global anthropogenic emissions, and is currently one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases. It also is one of the main drivers of biodiversity loss, which is a key pre-requisite for the resilience of ecosystems. However, the sector also has the potential to become a pillar in mitigating and adapting to Climate Change (CC):

-          By reducing existing emissions at the farm level and along the production value chain

-          By enhancing climate resilience through Climate-Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity preservation

-          By transforming carbon sources into carbon sinks

Facing the challenges posed by Climate Change will require continuous interaction and feedback between Public and private investment, AFOLU interventions and efficiency and efficacy assessments.
The EX-ACT suite answers to the need for accessible, complete and time-sensitive accounting tools in the AFOLU sector. It provides three tools that can measure the GHG and biodiversity impacts of projects and policies ex-ante, in itinere and ex-post:

·         EX-ACT accounts for GHG emissions covering the entire AFOLU sector, including agricultural inputs, energy, infrastructure, management of organic soils, coastal wetlands, fisheries and aquaculture.

·         B-INTACT makes use of various geo-referenced maps and tools to increase accuracy and account for the ecological value and biodiversity sensitivity of project sites.

·         EX-ACT VC supports policy makers in identifying off-farm sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and farm-to-retail socio-economic benefits when designing projects and policies for low carbon value chains.