Government of Italy started its basin-wide support to the
Nile process in 1996 with project “Operational Water
Resources Management and Information System in the Nile
Basin Countries”. The project was implemented by the
national Focal Point Institutions (FPI) in the participating
Nile riparians. FAO provided technical and operational support.
The project had a budget of 5.5 million US Dollars and ended
in 1999. Its achievements include:
Improved communication facilities.
• Establishment of GIS units at the FPIs.
• Upgraded satellite remote sensing equipment.
• Capacity building in technical, environmental, legal
and institutional aspects of the shared Nile river basin.
GCP/INT/752/ITA “Capacity Building for Nile Basin
Water Resources Management” was approved for funding
by the Government of Italy in December 1999. Total budget
amounted to 5.5 million US Dollars. The project completed
its activities in November 2004. It focused on creating
a common knowledge base and equal level of technical capacity
as an essential stepping stone for equitable, sustainable,
and efficient utilization of the shared water Nile waters.
The main accomplishments include:
Establishment of a transboundary hydro-meteorological monitoring
network comprising of around 100 stations.
• Establishment of geo-referenced databases at the
• Development of the Nile Decision Support Tool (Nile
• Training in legal and institutional aspects of water
resources management issues.