The project's objective is to equip groundwater farmer users with the necessary data, skills and knowledge to manage groundwater resources available to them in a sustainable manner, mainly through managing and monitoring their own demand.
The project does not profess to secure livelihoods, alleviate poverty, or increase incomes of project participants. The assumption is that access to scientific data and knowledge will enable farmers to make appropriate choices and decisions regarding the use of groundwater resources and agricultural practices.
Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (APFAMGS) project's key premise is behavioural change leading to voluntary self regulation. In seven drought prone districts of Andhra Pradesh, India, thousands of farmers residing in 638 habitations spread over several hundred kilometers have voluntarily taken number of steps to reduce groundwater pumping, for tiding over problem of groundwater depletion.
Launched in July 2003, the APFAMGS project is a partnership with farmers for implementing Demand Side Groundwater Management concept. This project demonstrates an alternative model to the Supply Side approach which calls for spending billions for creating new structures.
The project's operational framework is the Hydrological
Unit (HU) or micro basins. It is being implemented in 638
villages across seven drought-prone districts of Andhra
Pradesh by local partner NGO's. The project reaches out
to over Nine hundred thousand population forming part of
Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Nalgonda