FAO Regional Office for Africa
©FAO/J.C. Henry

Triggers and drivers for establishing a profitable aquaculture sub-sector

Aquaculture is growing in importance across the Africa Region. As part of renewed investment in agriculture given its pre-eminence in economic growth and food security in most African countries, the aquaculture sub-sector is being high-lighted as the likely source of needed aquatic products as supplies from traditional capture fisheries stagnate and even dwindle.

View online

Resources and Multimedia


FAO Corporate Video

EAC-FAO: Promoting youth employment in the agricultural sector in East Africa

Mehaou – A Nigerien Grandmother, Farmer and Leader

Photo galleries

Publications and documents

In the 2017 and 2018 editions of the Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition, FAO reported that the prevalence of undernourishment was rising in the region. The latest data shows that the deterioration has slowed, but there remain 256 million hungry people in Africa today. The report further documents that although many African countries are making progress towards reducing malnutrition, progress is too slow to meet six key nutrition targets, which form part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) monitoring framework and the World Health Assembly global nutrition targets. Food insecurity has been rising in Africa in recent years and the continent is not on track to eliminate hunger by 2030. The 2017, 2018 and this year’s report identify and report in detail on conflict, climate extremes and economic slowdowns and downturns as the key drivers of the rise in food insecurity. In most cases, the economic slowdowns and downturns that contributed to rising undernourishment in 2014–2018 were the result of commodity price falls. Many effective policy tools are available, but their adoption will depend on the availability of fiscal space to effect the desired policy action. In the longer-term, countries must develop policies and invest to achieve a more diversified economy and achieve an inclusive structural transformation. However, sustained economic growth is not enough: reducing inequalities, including gender-based and spatial inequalities, is essential to strengthening household resilience, laying the path to inclusive growth and reducing food insecurity and tackling the multiple forms of malnutrition

In the race to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and attain the aspirations of the Agenda 2063 and the 2025 Malabo Goals of the African Union, young men and women are the key drivers in our combined efforts to reach the finish line on time.

The 2014 AU Malabo Summit reconfirmed that agricultural transformation should remain high on the development agenda of the continent, emphasizing its instrumentality for an inclusive growth. The youth play important roles in promoting economic growth and shared prosperity in their communities and countries.

The Government of the Republic of Congo requested FAO support in developing a climate change mitigation and adaptation project to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund for financing. The FAO engaged an international consultant to conduct an environmental and social risk identification, analysis and management study, as well as to develop the management framework for these risks. The study was conducted between mid-May and the end of July 2019. By the end of the fieldwork inMay2019, the project team found13 villages with resident indigenous populations in the district of Ngo. The risk analysis and management consultant also conducted an analysis of the situation of these indigenous populations and developed a Planning Framework for Indigenous Peoples,which is the subject of a separate report.