FAO Regional Office for Africa
©FAO/J.C. Henry

Framework for boosting intra-African trade in agricultural commodities and services

The Framework for Boosting Intra-African Trade (BIAT) in Agricultural Commodities and Services is a blueprint for expanding trade between African countries under the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement and aims to unlock the potential of the agricultural sector to contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth for Africa.

View Online

Resources and Multimedia


Agribusiness as a sustainable tool to mitigate rural-urban migration of youth in Kenya-Ruth Story

A story on intercommunity coexistence in the Greater Karamoja Cluster

FAO Biometric Mobile Money Cash Transfer Modality in Somalia

Publications and Documents

A healthy diet of fresh vegetables, proteins and fruit is a key ingredient for eliminating hunger and all forms of malnutrition and achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2, Zero Hunger by 2030. Unfortunately, a healthy diet has become an unaffordable luxury for close to 1 billion Africans, according to The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020 report.

Globally, the cost of a healthy diet is above the international poverty line, meaning that people earning less than US$1.90 per day cannot afford to eat adequate calories and nutrients from diverse food groups. Compared to other regions, this affordability crisis poses the greatest challenge in Africa. COVID-19 has compounded the problem by disrupting food supply chains and livelihoods, to different extents across the continent. Ultimately, it has meant some households are facing increased difficulties in accessing nutritious foods. That’s not all. At the height of the pandemic, movement restrictions meant fewer customers at fruit and vegetable markets in some urban centres, causing fresh produce to go to waste. Fishmongers faced similar problems.

FAO has been working in Africa for over 50 years, providing technical and policy expertise to governments, partners and communities. Resilience is a critical part of our work in Africa as the region has been plagued with natural and human-made disaster. FAO has been supporting communities, particularly smallholder communities, to improve their resistance and recovery to various shocks. These are the success stories of the men, women and communities who have overcome and thrive in difficult circumstances across the continent.

This framework presents ten interrelated principles/ elements to guide Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization in Africa (SAMA). Further, it presents the technical issues to be considered under SAMA and the options to be analysed at the country and sub regional levels. The analysis in the framework calls for a specific approach, involving learning from other parts of the world where significant transformation of the agricultural mechanization sector has already occurred within a three-to-four decade time frame, and developing policies and programmes to realize Africa’s aspirations of Zero Hunger by 2025. This approach entails the identification and prioritization of relevant and interrelated elements to help countries develop strategies and practical development plans that create synergies in line with their agricultural transformation plans. Given the unique characteristics of each country and the diverse needs of Africa due to the ecological heterogeneity and the wide range of farm sizes, the framework avoids being prescriptive.