Climate change will have severe negative effects on agriculture and food security. Low-income countries and poor farmers are particularly at risk. At the same time, agriculture is a major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Agriculture has to both adapt to climate change and contribute to mitigation. This requires changes in agricultural practices as well as improvements in livelihood options for poor farm households. Changes in the broader food system are also needed, including reductions in food waste and losses and changes in dietary patterns to reduce their carbon footprint.
The broad adoption of improved farming practices can substantially reduce the number of people at risk of undernourishment; for example, the adoption of nitrogen-efficient crop varieties alone can reduce the risk to more than 120 million people. However, adoption of improved practices remains very low, even in areas where projects have heavily promoted them. Positive change will only come about when barriers to adoption – financial, institutional and policy constraints – are better understood and removed.
This is Info note number 3 of 3 drawn from The State of Food and Agriculture 2016. Climate change, agriculture and food security. For sources and more detail, please refer to the complete report (available at www.fao.org/3/a-i6030e.pdf).
One hundred scientists, economists and policy experts participated in a three-day expert meeting (EM) to engage in a high-level, globally oriented, and multidisciplinary scoping of topics from climate change to land use and food security. The EM was structured around five themes: climate impacts and human-directed drivers of land change and linkages to food security; mitigation and adaptation options; and policies for resource management, smallholder resilience, mitigation and food and nutrition security. The present report offers a comprehensive synthesis of the EM findings and conclusions reflecting the collective view participants and external reviewers. The report is a valuable source for the IPCC above-mentioned Special Report, especially in relation to food security, as well as to researchers and policy makers concerned with the policy implication of food security in relation to post-Paris climate action and Agenda 2030.
This publication presents FAO’s work in developing and strengthening indicators that measure food, agriculture and the sustainable use of natural resources, shining a light on the 21 indicators of FAO custodianship. It describes how the organization can support countries track progress and make the connection between monitoring and policymaking to achieve the SDGs.