Изменение климата

Будучи глобальной организацией, занимающейся формированием, накоплением, распространением и обменом знаниями, ФАО производит огромное количество продуктов на базе последних результатов своих проектов и программ, а также инструментов для развития потенциала. Кроме того, ФАО предлагает целый спектр программного обеспечения и баз данных, касающихся взаимосвязи между продовольственной безопасностью и изменением климата.

Публикации

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

This document provides a conceptual framework and standard methodologies for the monitoring, reporting and verification of changes in SOC stocks and GHG emissions/removals from agricultural projects that adopt sustainable soil management practices (SSM) at farm level. It is intended to be applied in different agricultural lands, including annual and perennial crops (food, fibre, forage and bioenergy crops), paddy rice, grazing lands with livestock including pastures, grasslands, rangelands, shrublands, silvopasture and agroforestry. Although developed for projects carried out at farm level, potential users include investors, research institutions, government agencies, consultants, agricultural companies, NGOs, individual farmers or farmer associations, supply chain and other users who are interested in measuring and estimating SOC stocks and changes and GHG emissions in response to management practices.

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

Climate change is causing unprecedented damage to our ecosystem. Increasing temperatures, ocean warming and acidification, severe droughts, wildfires, altered precipitation patterns, melting glaciers, rising sea levels and amplification of extreme weather events have direct implications for our food systems. While the impacts of such environmental factors on food security are well known, the effects on food safety receive less attention. The purpose of Climate change: Unpacking the burden on food safety is to identify and attempt to quantify some current and anticipated food safety issues that are associated with climate change. The food safety hazards considered in the publication are foodborne pathogens and parasites, harmful algal blooms, pesticides, mycotoxins and heavy metals with emphasis on methylmercury.

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

Животноводство является средством к существованию более 750 миллионов самых бедных людей в мире. В этой брошюре подчеркивается, что улучшение здоровья животных должно быть неотъемлемой частью стратегий, направленных на обеспечение продовольственной безопасности и устойчивого развития в контексте изменений климата. 

Прежде всего необходимо уменьшить воздействие изменений климата на здоровье животных и распространение патогенных микроорганизмов, поскольку большинство новых заболеваний имеют животное происхождение. Во-вторых, это будет способствовать смягчению последствий изменения климата, поскольку более здоровые животные не только более продуктивны, но и генерируют меньшие выбросы на единицу массы продукта. В-третьих, это позволит адаптироваться к изменениям климата, поскольку животноводство легче, чем растениеводство, адаптируется к экстремальным условиям и противостоит климатическим потрясениям.

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

This analysis aims to summarize the views submitted on KJWA topics  2(d) that were discussed during the SB 51 in December 2019, namely: Topic 2(d) - Nutrient use and manure management. The analysis intends to make the wide range of views submitted more easily accessible to those interested, including to Parties and observers to the UNFCCC, but also experts working on climate change more generally, as well as interested members of the public.

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

The Technical Advisory Group (TAG) on biodiversity, hereafter called Biodiversity TAG, is composed of 25 international experts in ecology, biodiversity indicators, agronomy, life cycle assessment, livestock production systems, and environmental science. Their backgrounds, complementary between systems and regions, allowed them to understand and address different perspectives. 

The aim of the methodology developed in these guidelines is to introduce a harmonized international approach for assessing the impacts of livestock on biodiversity. The livestock sector is a major user of natural resources (land in particular) and an important contributor to pollution (e.g. causing nutrient losses, increasing greenhouse gas emissions), which makes it one of the sectors with the highest impact on biodiversity. At the same time, livestock production is one of the few sectors with not only negative but also positive impacts on biodiversity; therefore, the sector can pull two levers to improve its biodiversity performance – mitigate harm and maximize benefits.