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Terms and Conditions


Content on the FAO website is protected by copyright. To ensure wide dissemination of its information, FAO is committed to making its content freely available and encourages the use, reproduction and dissemination of the text, multimedia and data presented. Content may be adapted, translated, copied, printed and downloaded for private study, research and teaching purposes, and for use in commercial and non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO as the source s given and that FAO's endorsement of users' views, products or services is not stated or implied in any way. FAO encourages unrestricted use of news releases provided on the FAO website, and no formal permission is required to reproduce these materials.


[© FAO] [Year of publication] [Title of content] [Page number (for publications)] [Location on FAO website] [Date accessed and/or downloaded]

Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the citation: This translation was not created by FAO and should not be considered an official FAO translation. FAO shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation.

Adaptations—If you create an adaptation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the citation: This is an adaptation of an original work by FAO. Views and opinions expressed in the adaptation are the sole responsibility of the author or authors of the adaptation and are not endorsed by FAO.

Third-party content—FAO does not necessarily own each component of the content contained within the work. FAO therefore does not warrant that the use of any third party-owned individual component or part contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of those third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. If you wish to re-use a component of the work, it is your responsibility to determine whether permission is needed for that re-use and to obtain permission from the copyright owner. Examples of components can include, but are not limited to, tables, figures, or images.

All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to copyright@fao.org


Conditions for reuse of photographs on the FAO website are the same as those for other content, with the exception that photographs must not be modified without prior permission.

Permission must be requested for any commercial use, advertising, marketing, storage or third-party distribution of FAO photographs. FAO reserves the right to withhold distribution and/or permission to reproduce FAO photographic material should the intended use be considered inappropriate. FAO photographs must be credited each time they are published. The recommended citation format for photographs is FAO/[name of photographer].

To request permissions, please send the URL address in which the photograph(s) appear to photo-library@fao.org.


The FAO logo is the corporate identifier and official seal of the Organization, and it is protected under international treaties and conventions on intellectual property. Its use is highly restricted and is prohibited without prior permission. Requests for use of the FAO logo for any reason whatsoever, whether or not in association with other logos, must be addressed to logo@fao.org. If permission for use of the FAO logo is granted, instructions for its placement and display, including related disclaimers, must be strictly adhered to. The use and reproduction of content containing the FAO logo must not be in association with advertising or with the names of proprietary products and must not imply FAO's endorsement of products or services in any way. FAO reserves the right to request the immediate removal of its logo from unauthorized websites or products.


FAO encourages users to establish hyperlinks to the FAO website and prior permission is not required. The FAO logo should not be included when linking to the FAO website, unless prior permission has been granted (see Use of FAO logo)


The designations employed and the presentation of information on the FAO website do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

Information on this site is provided on an "as is" and "as available" basis. FAO makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, the accuracy, completeness or authenticity of the information on the FAO website. FAO reserves the right to alter, limit or discontinue any part of this service at its discretion. Under no circumstances shall FAO be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense suffered that is claimed to result from the use of information posted on this site, including without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay.

Hyperlinks to non-FAO websites do not imply any official endorsement of or responsibility on the part of FAO for the opinions, ideas, data or products presented at these locations, or guarantee the validity of the information provided. The sole purpose of links to non-FAO sites is to indicate further information available on related topics. The information is provided on the basis that users accessing the platform assume responsibility for assessing its relevance, accuracy and suitability for application.

No part of these Terms and Conditions shall constitute or be interpreted as a waiver of the privileges and immunities of FAO.


The FAO website contains specialized discussion fora and commenting tools. When participating, users agree not to:

  • defame, abuse, harass, threaten or otherwise violate the rights of others;
  • publish, post, distribute or disseminate defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent or unlawful material;
  • upload or attach files that contain software or other material protected by intellectual property laws unless the user owns or controls the rights and has received all necessary permissions;
  • upload, email, transmit or otherwise make available unsolicited advertising of any goods or services, or conduct or forward surveys, contests, "spam" or chain letters, etc.

Users specifically acknowledge that FAO is not liable for the conduct of any other user. Users repeatedly posting material that falls into the above categories will be removed and/or banned from participating in the related fora and commenting tools.


For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, FAO employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage.

Except for authorized investigations and to maintain required correspondence files, no other attempts are made to identify individual users or their usage habits. Raw data logs are used to determine the number of users and, occasionally, which general domains are accessing the FAO website. The FAO website does not use persistent cookies and data gathered are scheduled for regular destruction in accordance with United Nations and FAO guidelines.

Any information provided to FAO by users is held with the utmost care and security, and is not used in any manner other than that set forth in the Privacy Policy, or in any additional site-specific policies, without users' explicit consent.

All FAO employees who have access to or are associated with the processing of personal data are obliged to respect the confidentiality of official business matters, including personal data.

Notification of amendments

FAO reserves the right to amend this policy at its own discretion. Notifications of any significant amendment will be posted on this page.