Accueil  > Crisis > Crisis in the Horn of Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

In 2011, the Horn of Africa (HoA) faced one of the driest years since 1950/51, causing a food crisis that escalated into famine in parts of the region, such as southern Somalia. By the end of July 2011, some 12.4 million people were in need of urgent assistance not only to save their lives, but also to recover their livelihoods; this number nearly doubled in the subsequent months given the rapid deterioration of the situation.

In order to both respond to the crisis and ensure that communities are better equipped to cope with droughts in the future, FAO has assisted local populations and governments with:

  • Rehabilitating water sources and establishing small-scale irrigation systems
  • Distributing seeds, tools and other agricultural inputs
  • Providing plant and animal disease control
  • Carrying out animal vaccination campaigns
  • Supporting coordination of food and nutrition security strategies, conducting real-time analysis of changing conditions and issuing timely reports of the current status of hazards, risks and vulnerabilities in the region
  • Implementing cash-for-work activities

About 80 percent of people in HoA rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks.

Compared to the beginning of the 1990s, productivity in some parts of the region (for staple food crops per land area) has strongly increased. However, with rapid population growth, reduced arable land by subsistence farmers and migration to marginal lands, the deepening effects of climate change and continued marginalization of Horn of African economies in the global economy, there is increased pressure on the Horn’s relatively scarce resources. The situation has been exacerbated by high local cereal prices, excessive livestock mortality, conflict and restricted humanitarian access in some areas, which contribute to the challenges in the efforts to break the cycle of food insecurity.

Drought is a chronic hazard in the region, and has been for centuries. Pastoralism, and in particular agropastoralism, is a dynamic and sustainable livelihood system that has adapted to the particularly harsh conditions in many areas of the HoA. In fact, about 80 percent of the people in this region rely on agriculture and pastoralism as their primary source of food and income. In the fight against hunger, it is essential that more focus be placed on restoring, protecting and strengthening the means of agriculture and pastoral dependent groups to continue their way of life and to increase their resilience to future climatic shocks. 

The provision of agricultural assistance promotes stability and thus prevents food crises from worsening in these affected countries, while also limiting the negative impact of further reductions in food supplies. It also contributes to preventing displacement, unemployment, the sale of productive assets, the worsening of health indicators and dependence on food aid and other forms of relief assistance.

Related Topics

Aucun résultat trouvé.
 - Cette note d’information résume les actualités saillantes relatives à la crise alimentaire et des moyens d’existence qui pourrait sévir en 2012 dans certaines zones localisées du ...read more
06/02/2012
 - En vue des crises nutritionnelles, alimentaires et pastorales qui s’annoncent au Sahel et dans les pays voisins en 2012, les objectifs de ce document sont de: renforcer ...read more
01/02/2012
 - L'Essentiel: Alerte Sahel: Crise alimentaire et pastorale au Sahel dans de larges zones en Mauritanie, au Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger et Tchad, et dans une moindre mesure ...read more
01/02/2012
 - L'Essentiel: Alerte Sahel - Populations vulnérables estimées : Burkina = 1 600 000, Niger = 5 458 000, Mauritanie = 700 000, Mali = 3 000 000 ...read more
02/01/2012
 - Communique Final: Des réponses adaptées nécessaires pour faire face aux menaces des crises alimentaires et nutritionnelles localisées au Sahel A l’issue de la 27ème Réunion du réseau ...read more
10/12/2011
 - L'Essentiel: Baisse attendue des productions agricoles et fourragères dans certaines zones du Sahel; Raffermissement des prix des céréales locales, niveau élevé des prix des denrées importées dans le ...read more
03/10/2011
 - Les membres du Réseau de prévention des crises alimentaires (RPCA) réunis à Paris les 21 et 22 avril 2011 confirment des productions céréalières record pour la ...read more
22/04/2011
 - Du 22 au 24 mars 2011, s’est tenue dans la salle de réunion de l’Hotel Mariador Palace à Conakry/République de Guinée, la concertation régionale sur la ...read more
01/04/2011
 - La crise de 2008 sur les marchés internationaux du riz aura fortement touché l’Afrique de l‘Ouest. La région est l’un des pôles majeurs d’importation de riz ...read more
01/04/2011
 - Les membres du Réseau de prévention des crises alimentaires (RPCA) réunis à Paris les 8 et 9 avril 2010 confirment à l’unanimité que la zone sahélienne ...read more
09/04/2010
1 2 3 4 5 6