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Madagascar locust crisis

Madagascar locust crisis

A locust plague threatens the livelihoods of 13 million people in Madagascar, nine million of whom earn a living from agriculture. Locust infestations, if untreated, could wipe out food crops and livestock grazing lands – and with it a family’s ability to provide for itself.

Madagascar locust crisisMore than USD 40 million are needed to implement a three-year emergency programme to combat this locust plague. At least 1.5 million hectares covering two-thirds of the country could be infested by locusts by September 2013.

The heart of the locust plague is in the country’s southwestern region –  an area prone to drought and cyclones, where more than 80 percent of the people live below the poverty line. 

Timing is crucial

Download the Response to the locust plague: three-year Programme 2013-2016Timely and adequate support not only saves livelihoods, but also millions of dollars in humanitarian assistance that would be needed to restore crop and livestock production later on.

Underfunding for the locust campaigns in 2010/2011 and in 2011/2012 meant that uncontrolled locust populations were able to develop and spread quickly, destroying crops and pastures. What started as an upsurge turned into a plague.

With sufficient funding, FAO, together with the national authorities, will be able to carry out the requested large-scale aerial campaign to treat and protect 1.5 million hectares from September 2013 to June 2014 – and a total of 2.15 million hectares from 2013 until 2016.

Funding would also enable FAO to strengthen local capacity to survey, analyse and control locust crises and to monitor the impact of treatment on human health and the environment.

Funding

Funding required as for the FAO appeal of the 18 December 2012: 43.9 million*

In million USD

* The budget for the three-year programme required adjustment from the previous estimate of USD 41.5 million to USD 43.9 million based on current (actual) market prices of inputs and services required for the first campaign.

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