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South Sudan crisis

Crisis in South Sudan

Almost 900 000 people have been displaced by violence in South Sudan since mid-December. The signing of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement on 23 January has raised hopes of a return to normal; however, tensions remain and few people have shown signs of returning to their homes.

South Sudan crisisDespite continued constraints to humanitarian access, FAO is scaling up operations to meet the two-fold challenge of responding to urgent needs triggered by the current crisis, while continuing vital livelihood protection and support programmes in less-affected states. As the rainy season nears (beginning in March and fully underway by May), time is running out to pre-position supplies in strategic hubs before rains cut off large parts of the country.

Up to 7 million people are now estimated to be at risk of food insecurity in 2014, according to the revised Integrated Phase Classification undertaken by the Food Security and Livelihood Cluster in January. Of these, 1.1 million face “emergency” and 2.1 million face “acute” food insecurity – more than triple pre-crisis estimates. A further 500 000 IDPs are also at risk of severe food insecurity.

Signs are beginning to emerge of a major food security crisis as food reserves are exhausted in areas isolated by the conflict and markets in Juba see soaring prices for staple foods (sorghum) and run out of key commodities (powdered milk, sugar). Abandonment and looting of livelihood assets, disrupted agricultural cycles, constraints to aid access, collapse of local markets, disruption of commodity supply corridors and the risk of a missed planting season (March-July) are raising concerns of worsening food availability and access problems throughout 2014 and into 2015.

In the worst-hit states (Upper Nile, Jonglei, Unity, and Central and Eastern Equatoria), FAO is focusing on distributing emergency livelihood kits (including crop and nutrient-dense vegetable seeds and minimal-harm tools), while in calmer states (Northern and Western Bahr el-Ghazal, Warrap and Lakes), FAO will focus on protecting and boosting food production by improving local availability of quality seed and planting materials and facilitating technology transfer through farmer field schools.

Riverine communities, particularly IDP populations that are likely to face repeat displacement as flooding accompanies the rainy season, will particularly benefit from FAO’s provision of fishing kits (twine, nets, etc.) to facilitate fish capture, storage and marketing. Urban gardening will be promoted among IDP and host community populations, along with the use of vouchers to link small-scale vegetable, fish and milk producers with nutritionally vulnerable people.

The risk of livestock disease outbreaks has been heightened by the conflict as the cold chain system for vaccine storage and distribution has been hard hit by looting and lack of maintenance, and non-traditional livestock movements lead to the intermingling of vaccinated and unvaccinated herds. Unusual livestock movements and concentrations also risk worsening tensions between pastoral and farming communities, as well as raising concerns about increased cattle raiding.

FAO is planning to immediately pre-position vaccine and veterinary supplies to enable rapid preventative vaccination campaigns, while (re-)equipping and retraining community animal health workers to provide basic, on-the-move health care to migrating herds.

Under the UN and partners' Revised South Sudan Crisis Response Plan (January-June 2014), FAO is seeking USD 77 million to provide urgent assistance to almost 400 000 families. A further 150 000 households are receiving support under FAO’s existing resources.

Funding

In Million USD

Related Topics

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 - South Sudan faces a major food and nutrition crisis; but we have an opportunity NOW to mitigate some of its impacts. The food security outlook is increasingly ...read more
04/04/2014
 - The Government of the United Kingdom has released $13.7 million in emergency funding to FAO to help conflict-affected families in South Sudan restore their agriculture-based livelihoods ...read more
31/03/2014
 - The British government has released $13.7 million in emergency funding to FAO, in order to help conflict-affected families in South Sudan restore their agriculture-based livelihoods and ...read more
31/03/2014
 - Dominique Burgeon, Director of FAO's Emergency and Rehabilitation Division, took part in the Emergency Directors Group (EDG) mission to South Sudan, a country facing a major ...read more
26/03/2014
 - A recent report by the United Nations says that despite a cease-fire agreement, ethnic violence has claimed thousands of lives in South Sudan. CCTV interviewed Sue ...read more
26/03/2014
 - CCTV interviews Sue Lautze FAO Head of Office in South Sudan, and asks her to shine some light on the reasons behind the violence odf the ...read more
26/03/2014
 - Dominique Burgeon, Director of FAO's Emergency and Rehabilitation Division, describes his recent visit to South Sudan: "On 20 March, as part of the Emergency Directors’ Group, ...read more
24/03/2014
 -  At the end of February, new fighting was reported in Malakal town, Upper Nile State, raising concern about further displacement and the conditions of populations in ...read more
10/03/2014
 - Following the outbreak of the conflict, the Integrated Phase Classification undertaken by the Food Security and Livelihood Cluster indicated up to 7 million people in South ...read more
06/03/2014
 - This map of South Sudan shows the average dates of onset of suitable conditions for land preparation and planting which may be interpreted as the dates ...read more
17/02/2014
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