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South Sudan crisis

Crisis in South Sudan

Almost 900 000 people have been displaced by violence in South Sudan since mid-December. The signing of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement on 23 January has raised hopes of a return to normal; however, tensions remain and few people have shown signs of returning to their homes.

South Sudan crisisDespite continued constraints to humanitarian access, FAO is scaling up operations to meet the two-fold challenge of responding to urgent needs triggered by the current crisis, while continuing vital livelihood protection and support programmes in less-affected states. As the rainy season nears (beginning in March and fully underway by May), time is running out to pre-position supplies in strategic hubs before rains cut off large parts of the country.

Up to 7 million people are now estimated to be at risk of food insecurity in 2014, according to the revised Integrated Phase Classification undertaken by the Food Security and Livelihood Cluster in January. Of these, 1.1 million face “emergency” and 2.1 million face “acute” food insecurity – more than triple pre-crisis estimates. A further 500 000 IDPs are also at risk of severe food insecurity.

Signs are beginning to emerge of a major food security crisis as food reserves are exhausted in areas isolated by the conflict and markets in Juba see soaring prices for staple foods (sorghum) and run out of key commodities (powdered milk, sugar). Abandonment and looting of livelihood assets, disrupted agricultural cycles, constraints to aid access, collapse of local markets, disruption of commodity supply corridors and the risk of a missed planting season (March-July) are raising concerns of worsening food availability and access problems throughout 2014 and into 2015.

In the worst-hit states (Upper Nile, Jonglei, Unity, and Central and Eastern Equatoria), FAO is focusing on distributing emergency livelihood kits (including crop and nutrient-dense vegetable seeds and minimal-harm tools), while in calmer states (Northern and Western Bahr el-Ghazal, Warrap and Lakes), FAO will focus on protecting and boosting food production by improving local availability of quality seed and planting materials and facilitating technology transfer through farmer field schools.

Riverine communities, particularly IDP populations that are likely to face repeat displacement as flooding accompanies the rainy season, will particularly benefit from FAO’s provision of fishing kits (twine, nets, etc.) to facilitate fish capture, storage and marketing. Urban gardening will be promoted among IDP and host community populations, along with the use of vouchers to link small-scale vegetable, fish and milk producers with nutritionally vulnerable people.

The risk of livestock disease outbreaks has been heightened by the conflict as the cold chain system for vaccine storage and distribution has been hard hit by looting and lack of maintenance, and non-traditional livestock movements lead to the intermingling of vaccinated and unvaccinated herds. Unusual livestock movements and concentrations also risk worsening tensions between pastoral and farming communities, as well as raising concerns about increased cattle raiding.

FAO is planning to immediately pre-position vaccine and veterinary supplies to enable rapid preventative vaccination campaigns, while (re-)equipping and retraining community animal health workers to provide basic, on-the-move health care to migrating herds.

Under the UN and partners' Revised South Sudan Crisis Response Plan (January-June 2014), FAO is seeking USD 77 million to provide urgent assistance to almost 400 000 families. A further 150 000 households are receiving support under FAO’s existing resources.

Funding

In Million USD

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 - The humanitarian situation in South Sudan has steadily deteriorated since the outbreak of fighting in Juba on 15 December. Displacement continues to rise –  almost 730 ...read more
14/02/2014
 - The crisis in South Sudan and high levels of food insecurity require a humanitarian response that is fast, flexible and opportunistic. FAO is helping to restore ...read more
12/02/2014
 - Even under the best of circumstances major logistical obstacles make it difficult for FAO to support humanitarian and development initiatives in South Sudan. Before the start ...read more
12/02/2014
 - Before the crisis, South Sudan was already the scene of one of the world’s largest humanitarian operations – responding to structural food insecurity, large refugee populations, ...read more
05/02/2014
 - FAO today warned of a major food security and nutrition crisis in South Sudan, where some 3.7 million people are now facing acute or emergency levels ...read more
05/02/2014
 - HIGHLIGHTS 646 000 people have been internally displaced since 15 December, and 123 400 have fled to neighbouring countries. The Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL) Cluster estimates that ...read more
30/01/2014
 - The recent violence in South Sudan is threatening to increase hunger and human suffering considerably, unravelling modest gains made in food security in the past two years, FAO warned. Under ...read more
13/01/2014
 - The humanitarian situation in South Sudan has deteriorated rapidly since fighting broke out in Juba on 15 December. The violence has spread across five states, causing ...read more
10/01/2014
 - Despite positive developments in South Sudan in late 2012 – the signing of breakthrough agreements on oil, trade and security with the Sudan – humanitarian needs ...read more
14/12/2012
 - On 9 July 2011, the Republic of South Sudan achieved independence, ending decades of conflict. CAP 2012 – List of Countries Foreword Afghanistan Central African Republic Chad Cote d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the ...read more
13/12/2011
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