Accueil  > Crisis > Syria crisis

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Country information

Crop calendar

Connect with us

Syria needs to produce food - Image courtesy of the Sham News Network

Crisis in Syria

Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.

FAO URGENT
FUNDING REQUIREMENTS

  • Syria: USD 59.1 MILLION
  • Region: USD 62 MILLION

Well over half of the population has fled their homes, including 7.6 million people displaced internally and nearly 4 million refugees in neighbouring Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, where needs far exceed the resources of host governments and communities. Within Syria, around 9.8 million people are food insecure.

Four years of conflict have had a devastating impact on Syria’s agriculture sector. The violence has destroyed agricultural infrastructure, displaced farmers and disrupted regional food and agricultural input trade. Many farmers cannot access or afford once-subsidized inputs that have soared in price and degraded in quality. Livestock production is also in jeopardy as vulnerable herders cannot source or afford enough animal feed and lack veterinary services. Many have lost their assets to conflict or been forced to abandon their fields and animals. Despite enormous challenges, agriculture remains the backbone of rural livelihoods and sustains food supply in the country.

In neighbouring host countries, most Syrian refugees are located in rural areas where agriculture is the primary source of livelihood. With the increasing availability of Syrian labour, farm wages are diminishing. Many local small-scale farmers and livestock breeders have suffered significant losses in income due to the inability to access their crops and land, reduced availability of water, increases in the cost of agricultural inputs and the loss of cross-border trading opportunities. Uncontrolled livestock movement from Syria is increasing the risk of livestock diseases and zoonoses spreading regionally.

Within the 2015 Syria Strategic Response Plan, FAO’s priorities include:

  • support staple food production;
  • increase household nutrition and income;
  • protect livestock assets; and
  • coordinate an effective food security response.

Within the 2015-16 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan, FAO is working with partners in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey to:

  • enhance the capacity of affected communities to use their resources and assets to increase agricultural production and incomes in more effective and sustainable ways; and
  • monitor closely and analyse data on the food and nutrition security situation of vulnerable households to inform decision-making and resilience-based programming.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade de février 2015, les pluies faibles à modérées mais surtout erratiques ont permis une évacuation progressive de l’eau de saturation et une ...read more
12/05/2015
 - Points essentiels : Des productions agricoles globalement satisfaisantes au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest pour la campagne 2014-2015. Selon l’analyse régionale du Cadre harmonisé de mars 2015, ...read more
11/05/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade de février 2015, la pluviosité était modérée à faible, principalement dans l'Aire grégarigène transitoire et l'Aire de multiplication initiale ; les pluies ...read more
05/05/2015
 - En fin de matinée, dans la plaine de Beravy à Madagascar, le ciel est dégagé, l’air est lourd et la végétation herbacée, haute et verte malgré ...read more
04/05/2015
 - Quelque 8 millions de dollars sont nécessaires de toute urgence pour aider les agriculteurs népalais sinistrés à reconstituer rapidement leurs intrants agricoles perdus et reprendre les ...read more
30/04/2015
 - Le Gouvernement guinéen, la Banque mondiale et la FAO ont lancé avec succès les activités de terrain visant à dynamiser les revenus et la production agricole ...read more
30/04/2015
 - En raison de l’urgence de la situation, le Directeur général de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO), José Graziano da Silva, a répondu ...read more
29/04/2015
 - La récolte de maïs en Afrique australe devrait reculer cette année de quelque 26 pour cent par rapport au résultat exceptionnel de 2014, situation susceptible de ...read more
28/04/2015
 - Les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne ont adopté une déclaration relative à l'identification et à l'enregistrement des animaux, initiative qui devrait améliorer la sécurité alimentaire, la génétique du ...read more
23/04/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ère décade, de fortes pluies engendrées par la zone de convergence intertropicale et la tempête tropicale Fundi ont concerné les compartiments Nord et, pour une ...read more
22/04/2015