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Somalia emergency drought response and recovery project

Somalia emergency drought response and recovery project

Full title of the project:

Somalia emergency drought response and recovery project

Target areas:


USD 30 507 109
Project code:

To address the immediate needs of the drought-affected people of Somalia, and support resilient recovery through the provision of livelihood opportunities and the restoration of agricultural and pastoral production.

Key partners:

Federal Government of Somalia: Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ministry of Livestock, Forestry and Range, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management.

Puntland: Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ministry of Livestock and Animal Husbandry, Ministry of Health, Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management Agency, and Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation.

Somaliland: Ministry of Agricultural Development, Ministry of Livestock Development, Ministry of Health Development, National Disaster Preparedness and Food Reserve Authority, and Ministry of Planning and National Development.

Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the Universities of Bernadir, Bosasso and Hargeisa.

Beneficiaries reached:

2 153 890 people

Activities implemented:
  • Trained NGO staff on the use of the FAO Form Management Tool, cash transfer modalities and the technical guidelines on implementing cash-for-work (CFW) activities and in the use of the Open Data Kit to help them register beneficiaries through digitalized fingerprinting.
  • Supported 13 102 households (78 612 people) in 121 villages across 12 regions through CFW activities and unconditional cash transfers (UCTs). Of these households, 10 110 were engaged in the rehabilitation of productive community infrastructure and benefited from a total of USD 2 840 025 of cash transfer payments (enough to cover nearly three months of food needs), while 2 992 benefited from a total of USD 444 556 (enough to cover over one month and a half of food needs).
  • Distributed a total of 72 tonnes of maize seeds, 123.75 tonnes of sorghum seeds, 118.5 tonnes of cowpea seeds and 2.84 tonnes of assorted vegetable seeds alongside monthly UCTs to 11 850 agropastoral households (8 350 rainfed and 3 600 riverine) during the 2017 Deyr cropping season, who were located in seven districts in southern Somalia and in one district in Somaliland. In addition, 4 900 of these households were provided with 147 000 storage bags during the 2018 Gu season to help safeguard their harvest against post-harvest losses; and 3 000 riverine households received a total of 54 000 irrigation hours.
  • Provided the above-mentioned 11 850 households as well as an additional 4 754 households with cash transfer payments for a total of USD 2 618 600 (35 954 months of food security).
  • Supported 12 850 farming households (9 350 rainfed and 3 500 riverine) in Baydhaba/Bardaale, Buurhakaba, Dinsor, Xudur, Qansadhere, Badhadhe and Kuurtunwarrey Districts in southern Somalia and Hargeisa District in Somaliland through the provision of a total of 82 tonnes of maize seeds, 131.25 tonnes of sorghum seeds, 128.5 tonnes of cowpea seeds and 3.08 tonnes of assorted vegetable seeds during the Gu 2018 cropping season.
  • Provided 3 500 riverine households of the 12 850 mentioned above with a total of 350 tonnes of urea fertilizer, while 1 900 rainfed households received a total of 190 tonnes of DAP fertilizer and an additional 1 700 rainfed farming households in Hargeisa, Somaliland, were supported with 5 100 hours of tractor land preparation.
  • Provided 17 564 households with a total of 1 734 tonnes of DAP fertilizer.
  • Trained 4 226 lead farmers in good agricultural practices, who in turn mobilized groups of 20-30 farmers each in their villages and trained them on the same.
  • Provided 1 000 riverine fishing households in Kismayo and Buale Districts with emergency fishing kits (one kit per household, which included cool boxes, fishing lines, hooks, sinkers and basic fish processing items) alongside cash transfer payments totalling USD 206 500, and training on the use of the various fishing kits and techniques in processing and hygienic fish handling. In addition, 50 solar-powered refrigerators were distributed to these households who were grouped into 50 clusters, with each cluster receiving one refrigerator as well as training on the installation and management of the refrigerators, and proper handling of the solar batteries.
  • Trained 80 women (40 IDPs and 40 host community members) from urban and peri-urban areas in Kismayo on fish handling, preparation and preservation.
  • Vaccinated 8 395 600 sheep and goats belonging to 209 890 households against peste de petit ruminants (PPR) and sheep and goat pox (SGP) diseases across Somalia.
  • Vaccinated 513 911 animals against Contagious Caprine Pleural Pneumonia and treated 520 163 animals against common infections conditions in Banadir Region belonging to 12 848 households.
  • Treated 1 707 972 animals belonging to 42 699 households with ecto-parasiticides in southern and central Somalia to protect pastoralists’ livestock against vector borne disease during the rainy season.
  • Trained 64 staff from a local NGO and the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Development of Somaliland as master community animal health workers (CAHWs) trainers and provided them with 25 veterinary starter kits; the facilitators then trained 20 CAHWs from ten villages in Awdal Region of Somaliland in animal health and animal health services.
  • Supported 24 000 households with nutrient rich range cubes that benefited approximately 481 600 sheep and goats in Somaliland and in Puntland.
  • Distributed 37.5 tonnes of assorted fodder production seeds to 4 255 households.
  • Selected ten households from Dollow District to benefit from irrigation of 1 ha of land for cowpea production each, and engaging in weeding and harvesting of fodder seeds; they were also trained on management of fodder fields and actual harvesting of the seeds.
  • Trained 200 households who are involved in fodder processing on how to use the two types of choppers (Kenyan and Indian) to process crop residues into fodder.
  • Constructed two fodder sheds in Jowhar and Balad Districts in Southern and central Somalia that were then handed over to the Ministry of Livestock and Range of the Federal Government of Somalia and are benefiting 200 households, primarily through storage of maize and sorghum crop residues.
  • Distributed 115 assorted fodder processing equipment to benefit approximately 3 038 households in Gedo, Awdal, Middle Shabelle and Banadir Regions by processing crop residues, overgrown rangeland grasses and browse tree forage into animal feed.
  • Completed FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) activities as planned such as the 2017 post-Gu, 2017 Hagaa impact, 2017 post-Deyr, 2018 Jilaal impact and 2018 post-Gu seasonal food security and nutrition assessments across Somalia. These include 102 integrated food security, nutrition and mortality surveys covering rural, urban and displaced populations across the country during the reporting period.
  • Disseminated assessment results to a wide range of users including government, the Humanitarian Country Team, the wider humanitarian community and the media in
    Somalia and Nairobi through mailing lists, briefings and presentations and the FSNAU Website.
  • Provided, through FSNAU, information and analysis services as well as technical support to UNOCHA during preparation and finalization of the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), the Federal Government of Somalia, the World Bank and UNDP in the implementation of the Drought Impact Needs Assessment (DINA) and the preparation of the DINA draft and synthesis reports.
  • FSNAU regularly updated and maintained the early warning-early action database and dashboard and generated periodic reports; continuously updated the FSNAU Website; and produced a total of 53 information products that were disseminated to users through mailing lists and the FSNAU Website during the reporting period.
  • The Somali Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM) Unit carried out a water sources survey in Galmudug state, and other selected districts in Middle and Lower Shabelle Regions; procured and used two sets of water sources survey equipment comprising of deep meters and pH/EC multimeters for field data collection.
  • Rehabilitated six river gauging stations along the Shabelle River and established river cross sections at the same locations.
  • Acquired and processed high-resolution satellite images for mapping of river breakages before the onset of 2017 Deyr and 2018 Gu and Deyr rains to identify weak or broken points along the Juba (103 open river breakages identified) and Shabelle Rivers (119 open river breakages identified), which are potential threats to flooding during high river flows.
  • Trained 292 people (community members and local partners) on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and early warning systems (EWS).
  • Produced an estimated 62 150 tonnes of cereals and cowpea.
  • Equipped NGO staff with the knowledge and skills to collect, process, analyse and report on a wide range of data.
  • Rehabilitated 87 productive infrastructure, including: (i) 76 water catchments, increasing water storage capacity by 618 900 m3, enough to water 137 400 animals for three months during the dry season; (ii) eight irrigation canals for a total length of 41 km, with capacity to provide water to irrigate 4 872 ha of farmland to benefit 1 600 farmers; and (iii) constructed three soil bunds, helping to control soil erosion in the area.
  • Enabled beneficiaries to meet their immediate food needs while restoring their own food production thanks to the cash-based transfers provided; and contributed to avert possible negative coping mechanisms such as migration.
  • Enhanced lead farmers’ on knowledge and skills in water usage and management, and post-harvest management and contributed to improve farmers’ food production and reduce post-harvest loses.
  • Provided households with cold storage facilities to preserve their catch.
  • Strengthened beneficiaries’ capacities on fisheries activities.
  • Contributed to increasing household nutrition and protected over 8 million goats and sheep worth more than USD 338 million thanks to the PPR/SGP vaccination campaign.
  • Protected crucial livestock assets of poor pastoral families that rely on few productive animals to meet their food needs and as a source of trade or income to afford other foods.
  • Equipped CAHW trainers with monitoring and mentorship skills to enable them support trained CAHWs as they provide animal health services in the villages to an estimated 1 853 animal-rearing households in the region.
  • Increased availability of milk for household use and improved animal body conditions.
  • Contributed to increased fodder production.
  • Produced, on average, a total of 3 tonnes of cowpea seeds by the ten seed growers to scale-up production on another 300 ha, potentially sustaining production of fodder seeds in future; and each of the ten household produced 2.5 tonnes of fodder dry matter from the remnant plants, after harvesting the seeds. This met the daily dry matter requirements of approximately 840 goats or sheep for a period of one month.
  • Helped reduce wastage, which is a major challenge to efficient utilization of feeds in Somalia, thus leading to improved animal production.
  • Used assessment results in the preparation of the 2018 and 2019 Somalia HRPs, and the planning of humanitarian assistance by the Somalia Food Security and Nutrition Clusters.
  • Used water sources survey results to update the database and live map with strategic water sources; and produced a detailed report on the water sources survey and data.
  • Produced a detailed report on the rehabilitation and cross section survey.
  • Shared the resulting river breakages database and maps with the Government and other partners for timely intervention before the onset of rains.
  • Produced reports on the DRR and EWS trainings, and the climate-based hazard and disaster risk profile.