FAO and the Government of Indonesia target five markets to reduce risk of avian influenza

FAO and the Government of Indonesia target five markets to reduce risk of avian influenza

23/07/2018

Between 2005 and 2017, 200 human cases of avian influenza occurred in Indonesia, causing 168 fatalities (WHO). The Greater Jakarta Area recorded the highest number of cases, which could be due to the large number of live poultry entering the Jakarta trading and market network every day. The Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services estimates that Greater Jakarta needs around one million live poultry or approximately one-third of national poultry demand every day. To meet this demand, Jakarta receives live poultry from as far away as East Java, Central Java and Lampung.

Dr James McGrane, Team Leader of the FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) Indonesia stated that based on the surveillance results in Jakarta live bird markets (LBM) conducted since 2009, about 60% of LBM are found positive for avian influenza. The virus has the potential to spread quickly along the poultry value chain to LBM and slaughterhouses. Poultry transport vehicles plying between collector yards and slaughterhouses that have been contaminated with the virus are also at risk of redistributing avian influenza viruses back to poultry production farms. Unhygienic trading activity, slaughtering processes and poultry marketing will also increase the risk of spreading the virus along the market chain.

“Although avian influenza cases have decreased each year, we have to continue our efforts in reducing contamination risk along the market chain. By doing this, we can reduce the risk of the virus spreading, especially from poultry to humans” said Drh Arif Hukmi, Head of Animal Disease Control section, Directorate of Animal Health, DGLAHS, Ministry of Agriculture at the launch of the Greater Jakarta healthy live bird markets and slaughterhouses project.

Supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), FAO ECTAD is working to reduce the threat of emerging pandemic disease. Since 2009, MoA has been working closely with FAO ECTAD Indonesia to restructure Jakarta poultry markets. Last year, a pilot project was conducted in Sukatani Market in Depok. “We are aware that the sustainability of this programme is very important. This year we identified three markets and two slaughterhouses for interventions.” Arif added that the programme is aligned with a similar healthy market programme of the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Trade’s SNI market certification programme. “Public markets that are part of the SNI market certification programme and other hygienic and well managed markets will be prioritized during the selection process.” He further explained the key requirements of the programme, such as exclusion of live poultry from the market and only selling healthy and wholesome carcass poultry (ayam ASUH) meat sourced from slaughterhouses outside of the main market building.

The president of Jakarta markets operator PD Pasar Jaya, Anugrah Esa stated that the healthy markets programme is in line with Jakarta’s goal to switch public consumption from fresh poultry meat to chilled or frozen poultry meat. “We’re targeting 120 slaughter points in Jakarta to have their own freezers to store the chicken carcasses.”

By the end of the meeting five markets and slaughterhouses had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Agriculture and FAO ECTAD Indonesia to implement the project: Block III Senen Market (Jakarta), Kemis Maret (Tangerang), Cariu Market (Bogor), Rorotan Slaughterhouse (Jakarta) and Risma Jaya Slaughterhouse (Tangerang). The selected markets and slaughterhouses will receive training to improve cleaning and disinfection of poultry transport vehicles, increase market hygiene and sanitation, and raise awareness among consumers and poultry sellers.