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FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

FAO study maps agrifood trade policies of post-Soviet countries

A comprehensive study of the agricultural trade policies of 12 post-Soviet countries has just been released by FAO in Russian language. Overview of the recent agricultural trade policies in the post-Soviet countries in 2014-2015 is the first in a planned series.

Moderate growth in the agriculture sector’s share in total trade was observed across the region, but the study revealed significant differences in national trade policies.

Most countries are actively involved in global and regional integration processes, such as membership in the World Trade Organization – pointing to potential for further growth. However, recent political developments have impeded trade relations in the region and could continue to affect bilateral trade relations between some post-Soviet countries in the future.

Each of the study’s 12 chapters – one for each country – begins with a brief introduction to the country's agriculture, and includes an evaluation of recent trends in agricultural trade, information on the structure of exports and imports, tariff protection of internal markets, and the regulatory framework.

“FAO can serve as a neutral platform for exchange of information and knowledge, especially in times of trade disputes,” said FAO trade economist Iryna Kobuta. “Transparency between countries in trade policies can foster partnerships and deepen market integration.”

The publication was produced in cooperation with 12 experts, all members of the Agricultural Trade Expert Network in Europe and Central Asia. The countries covered by the study are Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Ukraine.

The study was undertaken under the umbrella of FAO’s Regional Initiative on Agrifood Trade and Market Integration, a wider effort to support countries on their road towards greater trade and market integration to achieve food security.

23 March 2016, Budapest, Hungary

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