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FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Europe and Central Asia: Regional Overview of Food Insecurity 2016

While the nature of food insecurity has changed substantially over the past 23 years, the concept of food security is still pertinent in the Europe and Central Asia region. Today, reducing food insecurity in the region requires a shift in emphasis from fighting undernourishment to addressing the need for a healthier diet – reducing micronutrient deficiencies and health risks from overweight and obesity. The report discusses policies designed to address the principal malnutrition issues, classified by their predominant food insecurity and malnutrition concerns. (View online)

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Ministers and high-level representatives from the Black Sea region recently gathered in Bucharest on the occasion of a GFCM High-level Conference towards Enhanced Cooperation on Black Sea Fisheries and Aquaculture where they unanimously adopted a declaration to enhance their cooperation in tackling the most urgent challenges to achieving sustainable fisheries and aquaculture. For the first time in the region, this declaration marks a strong political commitment to adopt a common and collaborative approach to promote the rational exploitation of marine living resources and sustainable aquaculture development, to fight against illegal practices and to mitigate threats to the marine environment. 

The first part of the Manual introduces the main steps of forest road network planning and gives guidance on road construction under different site conditions. It demonstrates good practices to minimize the area used for building purposes, to keep the environmental impact as low as possible and to maintain forest productivity. It describes the machinery suitable for the different construction phases and compares the advantages of machine types. The second part of the Manual introduces the goals and best practices of regular forest road maintenance which is a key operation that enables multi-purpose use of forests. It gives an overview on the main causes of forest road degradation and explains the different maintenance regimes and maintenance activities.

This publication is a collection of articles written by economists, sociologists, and gender specialists and practitioners from twelve post-Soviet countries in Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia. It is unique in its effort to review and analyze the issues that are at the intersection of gender equality, social protection and rural development in the region. Overall, there is a lack of research, documented knowledge and public discourse on this subject and a multi-disciplinary approach is necessary for ensuring an in-depth and rigorous understanding of these intersecting issues in the context of the region.

Addressing gender equality is a fundamental part of FAO’s mandate. Social and economic inequalities between women and men undermine food security and restrict economic growth and advances in agriculture. The problems of hunger, malnutrition and rural poverty cannot be solved unless and until women and men are treated equally and gender disparities are challenged. In order to ensure that gender issues are adequately addressed at all levels of planning, and throughout implementation processes and each Strategic Objective, gender has been incorporated into the new FAO Strategic Framework as a Cross-Cutting Theme. 

FAO is currently preparing a new Medium Term Plan for 2018-2021 based on a review of the existing Strategic Framework. In order to link this process to a regional level review, the organization has initiated a structured Regional Strategic Thinking Process, the aim of which is to achieve more concrete results, particularly at the country level. The overall objective of the Regional Strategic Thinking Process (RSTP) is to effectively incorporate regional specificities into the review of the Strategic Framework and preparation of the MTP 2018-2021 with clear results-based outcomes and outputs.

An at-a-glance description of FAO’s two Regional Initiatives in Europe and Central Asia: on Empowering Smallholders and Family Farms for Improved Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction, and on Enhanced Agrifood Trade and Market Integration in Europe and Central Asia.