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FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018

The Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018 provides new evidence for monitoring trends in food security and nutrition within the framework of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The in-depth analysis of progress made against Sustainable Development Goal 2 Target 2.1  and Target 2.2, as well as the state of micronutrient deficiencies...

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This publication is in line with the SDG brochure produced by HQ (Food and Agriculture key to achieving the 2030 agenda for sustainable development). However, there was a need to have a targeted publication on the Europe and Central Asia region to raise awareness on the importance of food and agriculture for SDG achievement and on how FAO's work is already contributing to the SDGs (providing concrete country examples). This is the specific value added of the brochure.

Agroecology pays careful attention to the design of diversified systems that selectively combine annual and perennial crops, livestock and aquatic animals, trees, soils, water and other components on farms and agricultural landscapes to enhance synergies in the context of an increasingly changing climate. Agroecology seeks to address gender inequalities by creating opportunities for women. Globally, women make up almost half of the agricultural workforce.

This Regional Gender Equality Strategy for 2019–2022, developed by REU, succeeds the first Regional Gender Equality Strategy and Action Plan 2016–2017, which was implemented successfully. This strategy, for the next four years, is based on the results of the FAO REU stock-taking exercises conducted in 2012 and 2017; and the feedback received at the 40th session of the European Commission on Agriculture ; and the feedback received from nearly 60 technical officers and staff, including gender focal points, at the FAO REU regional gender mainstreaming workshop.

The rationale of this fact sheet raises awareness of the policymakers and relevant Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems. This initiative promotes an “adaptive management” approach to exploring and developing novel social, economic and governance processes that strengthen the existing livelihood and management practices that generate sustainable agriculture and rural development – that is, enhance the ecosystem goods and services and provide other globally important outcomes such as cultural diversity and indigenous knowledge systems.

The aim of the brochure to introduce the main objective of this Regional Initiative its strengthen countries’ ability to manage their natural resources sustainably, while also coping with climate change and reducing the risk of disaster in agriculture, forestry and fisheries.
The Initiative works through three main components: improved policy alignment, cooperation and coordination; provision and collection of data, tools and services for decision making; and capacity development. Priority actions include promoting sustainable use of natural resources, disaster risk reduction and crisis management policies, strengthening capacities in agriculture statistics, improving agro-meteorology services and early warning systems.

This study focused on assessing the statistical of spatio-temporal impacts on grain production areas in Russian Federation, Ukraine and Kazakhstan (RUK region). A calibrated and harmonized spatio-temporal database that integrated country agricultural production at sub-national level for wheat and maize crops (area harvested, yield, production, and area planted for the study area, with remote sensing and Earth Observation (EA) data using Agriculture Stress Index (ASI) data, as well as El Niño/La Niña data was created.