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FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Regional Initiatives for Europe and Central Asia

FAO ’s three Regional Initiatives for Europe and Central Asia address interlinked issues to ensure the contribution of agriculture to achieve the universality of the Sustainable Development Goals. For this reason, technical teams in the region and at FAO headquarters work in close collaboration to support countries in achieving  their goals.

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This report was prepared from three comprehensive reports on the implementation of food quality policies in Croatia, Hungary and Poland. It highlights issues that were (or still are) key points in creating an effective system for protecting geographical indications and promoting quality food in these countries. As such, it can be treated as a benchmark for countries that intend to prepare, implement or reform their national food quality policies.

Agroecology pays careful attention to the design of diversified systems that selectively combine annual and perennial crops, livestock and aquatic animals, trees, soils, water and other components on farms and agricultural landscapes to enhance synergies in the context of an increasingly changing climate. Agroecology seeks to address gender inequalities by creating opportunities for women.

The publication provides an overview of Agroecology in Europe and central Asia countries, also how agroecology can support the SDGs achievement and how countries in the region can implement agroecology at national level.

FAO’s Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018 (Regional SOFI 2018 in ECA) describes the current situation vis-à-vis SDG 2 in countries of the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region. It focuses in particular on the countries’ status in relation to SDG Target 2.1 (to ensure access to food for all) and Target 2.2 (to end all forms of malnutrition).

This publication offers an overview of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) countries, presenting their current agricultural profiles and socio-economic situations, highlighting the availability of natural resources and the impact of natural hazards and climate change on agriculture, while examining their mitigation and adaptation potential as well as the implementation of actions within the context of their global commitments towards the realization of the Paris Agreement. 



This book presents selected genetic resources and their contribution to sustainable agricultural practices and food systems, yet note that many more could not be covered. Pieces of the story of Turkey’s food and agriculture and environmental heritage can be found in many sources, for instance, in the national periodic country reports under the auspices of several government bodies such as Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, and Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity or to the UN Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in support of the FAO’s world reports on the status of plant, animal, insect, and forestry genetic resources and biodiversity. 

Geographical indication (GI) schemes can play a special role in promoting sustainable rural development, improving farm income and opening new export potential. Natural factors such as soil, climate and plant varieties play a major role in producing a unique product. Usually, GIs comprise knowledge and skills passed on from generation to generation, helping to protect local heritage. This report is a synthesis of the five national reviews of the legal and institutional frameworks in Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, and the Russian Federation.