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News, Publications & Announcements - Climate Change

September 2007
Living with climate change
Adaptation strategies needed to build resilience

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August 2007
Climate change likely to increase risk of hunger
Industrialized countries could gain in production potential, developing countries may lose

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July 2007
Good Practices for Hazard Risk Management in Agriculture
Summary Report Haiti - Project Phase I - TCP/RLA/3101

Haiti is an agro-based economy whose general livelihood systems have been seriously affected by recurrent onslaught of weather-related disasters resulting in 18,441 killed, 4,708 injured and 131,968 homeless, 6,376,536 affected and economic damages for 4.6 billion US $ over the 21st century. Particular physiographic characteristics - semiarid tropical climate, rough and mountainous terrain - and the combined interplay of environmental degradation with extreme socio-economic conditions in the form of poverty, illiteracy, inefficient land use systems and governance problems, have made the country increasingly vulnerable. In 2004 alone, a very active cyclonic year, hurricanes Ivan and Jeanne resulted in 320,852 affected, of which 2,757 killed, as well as heavy material losses. Such extensive damages combined with the vulnerability of small farmers, lessons learnt from a number of FAO emergency and rehabilitation projects and critical gaps in disaster and risk management strategies eventually oriented FAO towards a more proactive approach. Within this framework, the FAO funded the regional TCP “Assistance to improve Local Agricultural Emergency Preparedness in Caribbean countries highly prone to hurricane related disasters” in Cuba, Grenada, Haiti and Jamaica to “assist governments of participating countries to support the food security of small farmers operating in the most hazard prone areas ...

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June 2007
Institutionalizing pastoral risk management in Mongolia Lessons learned - Case study
Results from a study implemented three years after completion of the FAO project Pastoral Risk Management Strategy, TCP/MON/0066

Risk management attracted attention during the 1990s as one of the activities that can make rural livelihoods more sustainable. Risk is high in the more marginal and uncertain environments inhabited by pastoralists, and its management is a necessary condition for the survival of households and groups. Herders were especially at risk in the former centrally-planned economies during the period of economic liberalisation. Here government had hitherto taken responsibility for most risk, protecting pastoral livelihoods through a range of economic and social measures, but suddenly ceased to do so as part of the economic reforms adopted from 1989 onwards. Herders in these countries found themselves bearing the whole economic and ecological cost of risk almost overnight. The aim of the present study is to discover more precisely how far the risk management agenda developed initially by the two FAO/TCP projects in Mongolia has been implemented, what specific institutional reforms it has encouraged, how the agenda itself has developed and changed, and what has determined its successes and failures. The objective is to document some of the institutional and policy dimensions of a pastoral risk management strategy, some of the results such a strategy can achieve, and ideas about its further development. ...

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May 2007
Sharing lessons Hazard risk preparedness in agriculture: Good practice examples from south and south-east Asia
Project TCP/RLA/3101 Assistance to improve Local Agricultural Emergency Preparedness in Caribbean countries highly prone to hurricane related disasters

In the recent past, most Asian countries have greatly improved their capacities to monitor hazards and to warn, evaluate and provide emergency relief to victims of disasters. As a result, the number of lives lost to disasters such as floods, storms and extreme temperature has decreased significantly. However, the vulnerability within the agriculture sector has continuously increased due to its high level of exposure. It is essential to re-align all disaster management programmes in the agriculture sectors from response to prevention and preparedness. It means, in effect, to shift from the current focus on relief and mitigation activities to all-round early warning, prevention, preparedness, relief, rehabilitation and sustainable recovery activities. It is also required to integrate disaster prevention within the agricultural development processes. There are many examples of farmer-led participatory disaster risk management initiatives at pilot scale in Asia. However, efforts are required at much greater scale to mainstream these pilot scale efforts at the national and regional levels. Although disaster risk reduction is now widely adopted, it still remains a challenge to fully integrate it into agriculture sector development planning.

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