Natural Resources
     and Environment

News, Publications & Announcements - Land Resources

September 2013
Reduce your foodwaste footprint
Animation

The waste of a staggering 1.3 billion tonnes of food per year is not only causing major economic losses but also wreaking significant harm on the natural resources that humanity relies upon to feed itself

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
September 2013
Food Wastage Footprint: Impacts on Natural Resources
Summary Report

This is the first study to analyze the impacts of global food wastage from an environmental perspective, looking specifically at its consequences for the climate, water and land use, and biodiversity. Among its key findings: Each year, food that is produced but not eaten guzzles up a volume of water equivalent to the annual flow of Russia's Volga River and is responsible for adding 3.3 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases to the planet's atmosphere.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
September 2013
Food waste harms climate, water, land and biodiversity – new FAO report
Direct economic costs of $750 billion annually – Better policies required, and “success stories” need to be scaled up and replicated

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
August 2013
La facilitation pour la gouvernance territoriale Développement territorial participatif et négocié (DTPN) La facilitation pour la gouvernance territoriale
Document de travail de la Division des terres et des eaux - N 4

L’objectif du présent document est de mieux définir certaines caractéristiques des ressources humaines qui s’avèrent indispensables si l’on veut «contribuer» au processus de convergence progressive et de collaboration entre les divers acteurs.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Tenure  -Land Resources  -Communication & Education  -Communication & Education  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
July 2013
STOCKTAKING LANDSCAPE INITIATIVES WORK BY FAO AND PARTNERS

FAO Natural Resources Management and Environment Department has started a process to gather information on landscape/territorial approaches which are planned, being implemented or have been finalized to identify opportunities to improve synergies and collaborate more effectively to strengthen support to member countries and partners in this regard. As part of this process a pilot survey was undertaken in February 2013. A summary of the results from the pilot survey is available for your reference. This further survey is to collect further information on the diverse landscape/territorial initiatives to obtain a more complete representation of the suite of work under-taken and, thereby, to effectively inform and facilitate this harmonization and outreach process. We welcome an active response from relevant FAO technical/officers, project staff and your direct partners (The survey closes July 31).

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
July 2013
Stocktaking Landscape Initiatives work by FAO and Partners

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July 2013
Paving the way for national drought policies
Issues in the spotlight - July 2013

Drought affects more people than any other type of natural disaster, and it is also the costliest. Droughts are certainly not new, but their increasing frequency and severity throughout the world over the past decades has heightened impacts and lifted their dimension from local to global. The resulting massive famines and migration, conflicts and unrest, and food price hikes spell well beyond drought affected areas to become global concerns. These shifts mean that we have to approach drought in a new way.In March 2013, the first-ever High-Level Meeting on National Drought Policy was held in Geneva, Switzerland, to discuss what is needed in this new environment and how scientists, experts, and policy makers can work together to strengthen the political will and build technical and managerial capacities for establishing national drought policies.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  
July 2013
Accenting the 'culture' in agriculture
Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems

Imagine a food basket filled with cereals from a Saharan oasis, potatoes from 4 000 metres up the Peruvian Andes or from a remote Chilean archipelago, and rice from steep terraced hillsides in China or the Philippines. All these foods come from Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems(GIAHS). These are food systems that have evolved over millennia in harsh and remote landscapes – and in extreme climates – thanks to the knowledge of indigenous people. FAO has identified some 200 of these systems around the world, hailing them for their contributions over the millennia and supporting them to make sure this knowledge is passed on to future generations.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
June 2013
International Year of Soils 2015

CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE for sustainable production intensification

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June 2013
International Year of Soils 2015

On 24 April 2013 at the 146th FAO Council, FAO member Countries endorsed the request from the Kingdom of Thailand in the framework of the Global Soil Partnership for the proclamation of the International Year of Soils 2015. The Year will serve as a platform for raising awareness on the importance of sustainable soil management as the basis for food systems, fuel and fibre production, essential ecosystem functions and better adaptation to climate change for present and future generations.

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June 2013
New soil management video interviews available
Global Soil Partnership

Soil scientists from universities, research institutes, international organizations, governments, and the private sector gathered at FAO Headquarters to help shape the Global Soil Partnership. While in Rome, they also spoke to us about what they would like the Global Soil Partnership to achieve an the main challenges to sustainable soil management that they are facing in their countries and regions. This series of interviews provides an overview of soil management concerns around the globe.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
April 2013
STATE OF THE WORLD'S LAND AND WATER RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
Managing systems at risk.

By 2050, food production is projected to increase by about 70 percent globally and nearly 100 percent in developing countries. This incremental demand for food, together with demand from other competing uses, will place unprecedented pressure on many agricultural production systems across the world. These 'systems at risk' are facing growing competition for land and water resources and they are often constrained by unsustainable agricultural practices. They therefore require particular attention and specific remedial action. The first ever State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture is now available electronically in English, with other language versions to follow soon. A major objective of this publication is to build awareness of the status of land and water resources, and inform on related opportunities and challenges.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  
March 2013
UN lays foundations for more drought resilient societies
Meeting urges disaster risk reduction instead of crisis management

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
March 2013
United Nations launches concerted push for effective drought policies
Need to focus on building resilience and reducing risks

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December 2012
Soils: a hidden resource
Video

Soils are a limited natural resource, but their role in food security is crucial. In light of climate change, soil degradation and erosion, farmers struggle to protect soil health. This video highlights the crucial role soils play in achieving food security, and provides examples of how local farmers in Bolivia and Kenya are adopting innovative methods to protect their soils.

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December 2012
Support World Soil Day and the International Year of Soils 2017
Animated video

Animated video produced by the Global Soil Partnership promoting the creation of a UN World Soil Day and the adoption of 2017 as the International Year of Soils. The animation outlines the importance and benefits of soils and the hazards currently facing them.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
October 2012
Global Soil Partnership web site

The Global Soil Partnership has launched its new web site. The Partnership is an important collaboration to develop capacities, build on best available science, and facilitate/contribute to the exchange of knowledge and technologies among stakeholders for sustainable management of soil resources at all levels.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
July 2012
Global Soil Partnership video interviews

The newly established Global Soil Partnership, just endorsed by FAO’s Committee on Agriculture in May 2012, provides an exciting opportunity to collaborate internationally to pool knowledge and experience on all aspects of soil science. Speaking at a recent meeting at FAO headquarters, soil specialists, international organization staff, the donor community and academics share their views on just what such collaboration can achieve.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
July 2012
Integrated land, water and energy management video interviews

During the recent Committee on Agriculture held at FAO Headquarters in May 2012, FAO Water Officer Jean-Marc Faures and Energy Officer Olivier Dubois discussed the challenges facing these sectors today and explained how better integration of the work in these three sectors is key to meeting the food security needs of our planet’s growing population.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Bioenergy  
June 2012
NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT NEWSLETTER
June 2012- Number 12

In the June issue of the Natural Resources and Environment newsletter, we examine the importance of the newly established Global Soil Partnership. Soil specialists, international organization staff, the donor community and academics discuss what such collaboration can achieve. We note the events of World Water Day, highlighting water and food security. Moreover, a new web site, Sustainability Pathways, focuses on greening the economy with agriculture and related ecosystem services.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  
June 2012
Towards the future we want
End hunger and make the transition to sustainable agricultural and food systems

Much work has been done since 1992 to move the world closer to a common and sustainable future, but 20 years down the road we have yet to deliver on this fundamental principle – too many people in this world are still not living a healthy and productive life while the world grows in ways that are not always in harmony with nature. FAO seeks to stimulate consensus on the changes needed at, global, regional and national levels to eradicate hunger, support the transition to sustainable food consumption and production systems and ensure greater fairness in food management. It calls for this consensus to be translated into a deep and sustainable commitment to act. And it appeals to all stakeholders represented at Rio+20 to adopt with urgency a new resolve to work together in a genuine spirit of cooperation and partnership to implement the steps needed and hold themselves accountable for achieving the first principle of Rio 1992.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Bioenergy  
June 2012
No sustainable development without eradication of hunger and extreme poverty
Joint statement by FAO, IFAD, WFP and Bioversity on Rio+20 Summit

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Bioenergy  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
May 2012
Data portal aims to help unlock food production bottlenecks
FAO and IIASA launch online Global Agro-ecological Zones Interactive Data Portal

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Geo-Information  -Water Resources  
May 2012
Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems International Forum in 2013 to be held in Japan
FAO welcomed proposal of the Ishikawa prefecture in Japan to host the meeting in 2013

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December 2011
Natural Resources and Environment Newsletter
December 2011 • Number 10

In this last issue of the newsletter for 2011, we introduce a new study on corruption in the land sector. The study was carried out by FAO and the Berlin-based Transparency International and it illustrates that the land sector is one of the main public sector areas where corruption exists. In climate change news, the world’s attention is focused on Durban, South Africa where the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – including FAO - are meeting this month. And finally, we take a look at a new publication that examines the need to better link climate change adaptation and mitigation policies and programmes to genetic resources objectives.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Climate Change  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
November 2011
Scarcity and degradation of land and water: growing threat to food security
New FAO report profiles the state of the natural resource base upon which world food production depends

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  
November 2011
STATE OF LAND AND WATER RESOURCES

The State of Land and Water Resources (SOLAW) is FAO's first flagship publication onthe global status of land and water resources. It is an 'advocacy' report, to be published every 3 to 5 years, and targeted at senior level decision makers in agriculture as well as in other sectors. SOLAW is aimed at sensitizing its target audience on the status of land resources at global and regional levels and FAO's viewpoint on appropriate recommendations for policy formulation. SOLAW focuses on these key dimensions of analysis: (i) quantity, quality of land and water resources (ii) the rate of use and sustainable management of these resources in the context of relevant socio-economic driving factors and concerns, including food security and poverty, and climate change.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  
October 2011
Natural Resources and Environment Newsletter
October 2011 • Number 09

In this issue, we look at the launch of the new Global Soil Partnership and examine the next steps. We also look report on FAO’s collaboration with NASA to create an international fire-reporting system, the Global Fire Information Management System, which delivers key data to remote regions of developing countries. Finally, we introduce FAO-MOSAICC, an integrated package of models to carry out climate change impact assessment at the national level.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Geo-Information  -Climate Change  
September 2011
Global Soil Partnership for Food Security launched at FAO
New effort to assure soils future generations

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
May 2011
PAYMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE GREEN ECONOMY
Stakeholders Consultation From Payment of Environmental Externalities to Remuneration of Positive Externalities in the Agriculture and Food Sector. FAO, Rome, 27-28 September 2010

The concept of a green economy has lately gained currency as the world has been searching for solution to multiple global changes, especially in the midst of the global economic crisis in 2008. The UN Joint Crisis Initiative 4 on the Green Economy, led by UNEP, is currently investigating this concept and a Green Economy Report, covering all sectors’ contributions to the green economy is being prepared. The United Nations General Assembly has selected the “green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty alleviation” as one of the main themes of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) to be held in Rio, Brazil in 2012.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
May 2011
KAGERA TAMP – News from the basin
Newsletter #1

The Kagera Transboundary Agro‐ecosystem management project is a regional project comprising four East African countries ‐ Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda ‐ that share the Kagera river basin. This first newsletter introduces key staff member of the project team and provides an overview of project activities that took place in 2010 and activities planned for 2011.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
February 2011
E-consultation in preparation for Rio+20: Sustainability Assessment of the Food Chain

We are pleased to invite you to participate into a moderated electronic stakeholders' consultation on “Sustainability Assessment of the Food Chain” from 21 February to 25 March 2011. The aim is to seek views and share knowledge on a sustainability framework that includes core sustainability issues and a common set of performance indicators, based on the food chain sector practices. The outcome of this exercise will consist of voluntary international guidelines for food producers and retailers. To participate, just visit our website, log-on and join us in the discussions.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
January 2011
FAO@Rio+20 web site

Preparations are underway for 2012’s event marking twenty years since the Rio de Janeiro-hosted United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, commonly known as the Earth Summit. The newly launched FAO@Rio+20 web site will be updated throughout 2011 as preparations are underway with FAO’s detailed programme of work, studies and various initiatives related to the event.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Bioenergy  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
November 2010
FAO receives top award for forest fire protection
Spanish NGO awards Agency’s Forestry Department with “El Batefuegos de Oro”

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September 2010
A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector

Sustainability is a broadly used term that is said to encompass three dimensions of the environment, economics and social sustainability. Although sustainable development is often presented within the theory of systems analysis, at present, there are no tools that provide a practical approach to assessing sustainability outcomes. This paper identified issues, targets and performance indicators for sustainability. It represents an initial effort by FAO and ISEAL to define a universally agreed framework for sustainability which is intended to be further elaborated through the Rio+20 consultative process.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
August 2010
FAO launches NASA-developed fire monitoring system
Will help countries to detect fire hotspots in real time

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Geo-Information  
March 2010
Launch of the State of Land and Water web site

Preparation is underway for the June 2011 release of the first issue of the State of Land and Water (SOLAW) Flagship publication. The flagship publication will report on and analyze the global status of land and water resources. A new SOLAW website has been launched to highlight news and information related to the ongoing preparation work.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  
March 2010
Enduring Farms: Climate change, smallholders and traditional farming communities
Environment & Development Series 6

The threat of global climate change has caused concern among scientists as crop growth could be severely affected by changes in key climatic variables and agricultural production and food security could be affected both globally and locally. However, farmers living in harsh environments in the regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America are constantly coping with extreme weather events and climatic variability. This has led them to develop and/or inherit complex farming systems that have the potential to bring solutions to many uncertainties facing humanity in an era of climate change. These systems have been managed in ingenious ways, allowing small farming families to meet their subsistence needs in the midst of environmental variability, and without depending much on modern agricultural technologies.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
January 2010
REVIEW OF EVIDENCE ON DRYLANDS PASTORAL SYSTEMS AND CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPLICATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION
Land and Water Discussion Paper 8

In light of global concerns over the impacts of climate change and climate variability, this document provides an overview of opportunities for adaptation and mitigation in dryland pastoral and agropastoral systems. It makes a case for a concerted global effort to promote mitigation practices that also have benefits for adaptation and livelihoods of pastoralists and agropastoralists in drylands. The review also highlights the vast untapped potential for climate change mitigation and adaptation associated with improved carbon sequestration in pastoral systems and rangelands. Much of this potential lies in soil carbon sequestration.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Climate Change  
January 2010
Haiti’s post-earthquake rehabilitation begins with farmers
Priority is spring planting season as thousands flee, food prices rise

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  
January 2010
Fighting climate change with grasslands
Vast potential seen in pastures

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Climate Change  
November 2009
World Summit on Food Security begins
Webcasting from FAO

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Research & Extension  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
November 2009
Renewed commitment to end hunger
Summit declaration vows better governance, increased investment and proactive climate change strategy

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
November 2009
FAO and IDB in $1 billion agreement
Investment will spur agriculture in poor countries

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Research & Extension  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
November 2009
FAO Head starts hunger strike
Will be joined by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Research & Extension  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
November 2009
World Summit on Food Security opens Monday
Over 60 heads of State and Government are planning to attend

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Research & Extension  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  
November 2009
8. Review of evidence on drylands pastoral systems and climate change - Implications and opportunities for mitigation and adaptation

The review highlights the significant untapped potential for climate change mitigation and adaptation associated with improved management of grazing lands in pastoral systems and rangelands. Grasslands and rangelands deserve greater attention, not only for their large extent, widespread degradation and limited resilience to drought and desertification, but also for their potential capacity to sequester and store carbon in soils. Degradation of the land base negatively affects the accumulation of carbon in the soils. Thus, reversing land degradation in extensive dryland areas through improved pasture and rangeland management would contribute to restoring the soil carbon sink while also improving livelihoods of pastoral and agropastoral peoples. The review also highlights the multiple benefits of enhancing ecosystem services and processes for improving livelihoods while contributing to adaptation to climate change impacts. Realizing this potential will require increased awareness and coordinated global efforts alongside interventions that address associated socio-political and economic barriers, such as land tenure constraints and inadequate services for, and political marginalization of, pastoral and agropastoral communities. The opportunity to support climate change mitigation in drylands that will simultaneously contribute to climate change adaptation and reduced vulnerability of pastoral societies should be a key area of focus in post-Kyoto mechanisms.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
October 2009
WORLD SUMMIT ON FOOD SECURITY
Diouf opens High-Level Forum on food’s future

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Tenure  -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Bioenergy  
September 2009
WORLD SUMMIT ON FOOD SECURITY

The global food insecurity situation has worsened and continues to represent a serious threat for humanity. With food prices remaining stubbornly high in developing countries, the number of people suffering from hunger has been growing relentlessly in recent years. The global economic crisis is aggravating the situation by affecting jobs and deepening poverty. FAO estimates that the number of hungry people could increase by a further 100 million in 2009 and pass the one billion mark. A World Summit on Food Security is scheduled for 16-18 November 2009 to address these issues and to agree on key actions to tackle this crisis. The Summit web site contains all information related to the upcoming Summit and the events leading up to it.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Research & Extension  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Bioenergy  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
July 2009
FAO initiates debate on declaration for World Summit on Food Security
Calls for eradication of hunger by 2025 and for more investment in agriculture

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Tenure  -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Bioenergy  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
July 2009
Saudi Arabia to fund FAO World Food Security Summit
November meeting to discuss eradication of hunger

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Tenure  -Land Resources  -Water Resources  -Climate Change  -Bioenergy  -Genetic Resources & Biodiversity  
December 2008
Harmonized world soil database(version 1.0. FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISS-CAS/JRC, 2008. FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria).

A new database on the world’s soils improves knowledge of the current and future land productivity as well as the present carbon storage and carbon sequestration potential of the world’s soils. It helps to identify land and water limitations, and assist in assessing the risks of land degradation, particularly soil erosion risks. Derived from the soil database, FAO has produced a global Carbon Gap Map that allows for the identification of areas where soil carbon storage is greatest and the physical potential for billions of tons of additional carbon to be sequestrated in degraded soils. Soil information, from global to local scale, has often been the one missing biophysical information layer, which absence added to the uncertainties of predicting potentials and constraints for food and fibre production. The lack of reliable and harmonized soil data has hampered considerably land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies and adapted sustainable land management interventions.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
December 2008
Farmer field schools on land and water management in Africa. Proceedings of an international workshop in Jinja, Uganda -24–29 April 2006. FAO Rome, 2008

Throughout Africa, degrading land resources and poor water management are serious impediments to the development of agriculture. Inappropriate farming practices result in soil erosion, a loss of soil organic matter and declining fertility and capacity to retain water. Once-fertile soils become compacted and crusted, causing valuable rainwater to run off rather than seep into the ground and carrying with it precious topsoil and nutrients. The results are unhealthy crops due to water and nutrient deficits and the build-up of weeds and diseases, poor and unreliable yields, and chronic water shortages due to lack of recharge of ground water. How to escape from this vicious cycle? FAO and other development organizations have been promoting farmer field schools – an innovative approach to adult education first developed in Southeast Asia for pest management – to improve land and water management in Africa.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
October 2008
Visual Soil Assessment (VSA) Field Guides. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Rome, 2008

The maintenance of good soil quality is vital for the environmental and economic sustainability of annual cropping. A decline in soil quality has a marked impact on plant growth and yield, grain quality, production costs and the increased risk of soil erosion. Therefore, it can have significant consequences on society and the environment. A decline in soil physical properties in particular takes considerable time and cost to correct. Safeguarding soil resources for future generations and minimizing the ecological footprint of annual cropping are important tasks for land managers. Visual Soil Assessment is based on the visual assessment of key soil ‘state’ and plant performance indicators of soil quality, presented on a scorecard. With the exception of soil texture, the soil indicators are dynamic indicators, i.e. capable of changing under different management regimes and land-use pressures. Being sensitive to change, they are useful early warning indicators of changes in soil condition and as such provide an effective monitoring tool.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
July 2008
New global soil database
Soil database win-win options for climate change mitigation and food production

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July 2008
Land degradation on the rise
One fourth of the world’s population affected, says new study

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October 2007
6. Land Evaluation. Towards a revised framework.

Land evaluation is a vital link in the chain leading to sustainable management of land resources. There is a perceived need to update the FAO 1976 Framework for Land Evaluation to reflect current concerns related to climate change, biodiversity and desertification. The goods and services of the land that are related to its multiple functions or benefits as well as the sustainability of its use need to be addressed. New tools to conduct land evaluation have become available and the need for a participatory approach has been recognized.Many concepts and definitions of the original Framework remain valid; others evolved and new concepts arose over the past 25–30 years.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
April 2007
Communication, dialogue, conciliation
Participatory and Negotiated Territorial Development more than a tool, an integration and interaction strategy

This publication is available in Portuguese under the title “Comunicação, diálogo, conciliação”; it is the result of the International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ICARRD) . The Conference called on participants to develop grassroots, participatory strategies in land policy discussions. The Participatory and Negotiated Territorial Development approach facilitates the process of dialogue among all actors involved, including national governmental and non-governmental institutions working on agrarian reform and territorial development issues, in addition ot civil society organizations and interested stakeholders.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
March 2007
103. World reference base for soil resources 2006 First update 2007

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April 2006
Guidelines for soil description.FAO,2006

These guidelines are based on the internationally accepted Guidelines for Soil Description (FAO, 1990).Some new international developments in soil information systems and soil classification, such as the Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils (Schoeneberger et al., 2002) and Keys to Soil Taxonomy (USDA Soil Survey Staff,2003), Updated Global and National Soils and Terrain Digital Databases (ISRIC, 2005) and the second edition of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (IUSS Working Group WRB, 2006) are taken into consideration.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
March 2006
103. World reference base for soil resources 2006 - A framework for international classification, correlation and communication, 2006

The first official version of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) was released at the 16th World Congress of Soil Science at Montpellier in 1998. At the same event, it was also endorsed and adopted as the system for soil correlation and international communication of the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS. After eight years of intensive worldwide testing and data collection, the current stateof-the-art of the WRB is presented. This publication reflects the valuable work of the authors of the earlier drafts and the first version of the WRB, as well as the experiences and contributions of many soil scientists who participated in the work of the IUSS Working Group on the WRB. Globalization and global environmental issues necessitate harmonization and correlation of technical languages, such as the one used in soil science.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  
February 2001
LCCS: Land cover classification system

Despite the high demand of natural resources information, many existing maps/digital databases are not developed to really meet multi-user requirements. One of the basic causes (generally underestimated) of such situation is the type of classification/legend used to describe basic information such as land cover and/or land use: many of these classifications/legends are generally not comparable one to another and very often single project oriented. Although there are many classification systems in existence throughout the world, there is no single internationally accepted land cover classification system. Analysis of the physical and human resources information in many countries has revealed the following difficulties: basic information on environment and natural resources are often limited in extent; the quality of existing information is extremely variable and the way it is presented is often not optimal to support decision-making; topographical maps and thematic maps, when available, are heterogeneous; the information provided by the various institutions are often duplicated or inconsistent within the same country; it is extremely difficult to integrate or compare the existing information made available by departments and organizations.

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For related information, see the following theme pages: -Land Resources  -Geo-Information  
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