Stakeholders’ Workshop
 Held at minerva grand, Hyderbad
 on 25th October 2008


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN) in India commissioned a mission to evolve a Medium Sized Project (MSP) proposal for Global Environment Facility (GEF) funding. The Mission has put together initial few thoughts and framework of the project. As part of the formulation process, a Stakeholders’ workshop was held for seeking feedback on the MSP outline and adaptation strategy for climate change in selected Hydrological Units (HUs) of Andhra Pradesh and erstwhile operational area of Andhra Pradesh Farmers Managed Groundwater System (APFAMGS) project.

40 participants attended the workshop (list of participants)



The workshop started with the welcome of the participants by Rev. V. Paul Raja Rao, Executive Director, BIRDS, nodal agency for APFAMGS project. After the brief introduction of the participants (list attached), Dr. P.S. Rao of FAO introduced the Formulation Mission members and briefed about the process followed in developing the proposal. The submission of Project Identification Form (PIF) to GEF duly endorsed by Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Government of India (GoI) and Government of Andhra Pradesh (GoAP) has been the basis for development of the proposal.

In his opening remarks, Mr. Gavin Wall, the FAO Representative in India stated that the natural

resources are affected due to climate change and hence this proposal to develop adaptation measures in select HUs of Andhra Pradesh.

He requested the group gathered shall look into the presentation to be made by the project formulation mission and offer critical feedback to improve the proposal and sharpen the climate change adaptation strategy.

Dr. S. V. Govardhan Das, the Team Leader of the Mission presented the proposal outline. Presentation He requested the participants to give critical feedback in order to sharpen the strategy of climate change adaptation in selected HUs of the semi-arid pockets of Andhra Pradesh. The following immediate concerns were raised soon after the presentation:

  1. Why HU as a unit of intervention?
  2. What baseline data will be collected for carbon sequestration?
  3. Suggestion to include a forester in the team and seek assistance of ICFRI
  4. What sort of incremental benefits the farmers would get due to this new project of climate change adaptation?
  5. Reversing environmental degradation and climate change adaptation mentioned in the project title are contradictory and does not match

Dr. N. K. Sanghi was requested to be the Chairperson to facilitate the discussions arising out of the presentation made. He requested the participants to make observations and then to discuss on key issues to be given importance by the mission to include in the proposal and offer suggestions.   The following observations were made:

  1. The dilemma between the development measures and climate change adaptation
  2. Mainstreaming the learnings for wide spread adaptation, as the climate change adaptation measures may be specific to given scenario - The importance of local solutions for global replication as they may not be applicable universally
  3. Heavily institutionally loaded strategy of implementation
  4. Planning of activities to be taken-up
  5. Fine tuning the understanding of science and bringing that to the community level
  6. Awareness has to be at all levels than limiting at outcome no.1
  7. The measures will be not for mitigation but for adaptation due to climate change
  8. The understanding of climate change by the community may be difficult as the scientific community itself is struggling to understand the climate change impact
  9. Three years project period will be insufficient to understand the behaviour of monsoon itself and hence it may be better to plan the project in two phases to address implication of climate change
  10. Match the project title and project goal as there is a mismatch
  11. The area (districts) identification and whether climate change has been observed there
  12. Educating the people about water storage as there is a likelihood of excess rainfall in the future
  13. Climate change is for more than 100 years, but the measures will have to be thought for 10 years, as the focus may change then. The measures have to thought in terms of cropping systems, livestock types, dry land technologies for climate variability as adaptation measure than mitigation one.
  14. Keep in mind about the geographical area, as sometimes the stress may be due to climate change/market driven/social
  15. CRIDA’s experience of farmers’ training on climate change conducted at various locations can be shared for the benefit of the project proposed
  16. The locations selected need to be evaluated for significant climate change and risks arising out of this – prepare the communities for agriculture production systems to reduce risk
  17. The interventions can be planned as per the scenario and the projections by IPCC that will suit the project area
  18. Monitor the area and interventions, before and after to evaluate the impact of CC and the adaptations followed
  19. The issues that are going to be addressed need to have proper basic understanding of the situations
  20. Climate variability over 15 years need to be considered for its impact on agriculture production
  21. It is anticipated that there will be a rise of 3 degree centigrade in temperature and rainfall will decrease by 15% in drought prone areas and these dry spells will account for crop loss and hence simulation models have to be utilized as adaptation measures
  22. More people need to be involved for awareness programme and ANGRAU’s support can be availed
  23. Carbon sequestration has to look into the crops, trees, other biomass, soil moisture, soil profile etc.
  24. As CC is complex research component has to be done on a model rather than in the farmer’s field
  25. Mitigation measures are also important to be monitored with respect to carbon sequestration
  26. Rainfed agriculture and rainfall storage have to be given importance
  27. The size of a HU with a 3rd order stream may be very big and hence care be taken as a pilot project model
  28. Is there any document that subscribes to community taking care of CC for self regulation?
  29. Vulnerability assessment in terms of poverty, environmental degradation and climate change have to be  assessed carefully for planning the interventions
  30. The planned project is a climate change adaptation one and not a mitigation one and the measures will be more towards carbon sequestration and community awareness on the same

Dr. Sanghi emphasized that the deliberations concentrated around the area of operation, adaptation period of 3 years and the measures. He was also happy that the participants present were ready to share their experiences on CC adaptation for the benefit of the project and the institutes’ commitment for the same. As per the suggestion of Dr. Sanghi, the participants elicited the following views to be considered by the formulation mission:

  1. The size of the pilot project can be around 300 sq. km and 75% of that has to be under rainfed agriculture
  2. 8 to 9 drought prone districts of AP covering 3 agricultural zones may be considered with even short term climate variability of even 10 years with respect to temperature and rainfall discrepancy
  3. The area has to be close to one or two meteorological observatories that have been in existence for longer time to make use of the long period data
  4. The area be restricted to the one, where already CBOs with established knowledge and skills on ground water and crop water budgeting exists
  5. The activities at the people’s level be planned that will address their issues of livelihood and cover the climate change adaptation
  6. Make use of the solutions already available from institutes like ICRISAT, CRIDA, ANGRAU, etc.

Mr. Gavin, in his closing remarks lauded Dr. Sanghi’s approach to the discussions and thanked all the participants for focused discussions. He also felt that the mission team has lot many ideas now to improve the project proposal to address climate change and come-up with adaptation measures as CC is a new science being dealt with that at the farmers’ level. The potential of the institutes to support with data and measures was also welcomed.

Dr. K.A.S. Mani, TST, APFAMGS thanked all the participants for their excellent inputs. Rev. Paul Raja Rao, Chief of BIRDS anchored the sessions.
Name Organization
Mr. Gavin Lindsay Wall
FAO Representative in India
Food and Agriculture Organisation
of the United Nations

55, Max Muller Marg, Lodi Estate
New Delhi - 110 003 India
Phone: 011 - 24628877 / 24693060
Dr. P. S. Rao
National Programme Coordinator
Food and Agriculture Organisation
of the United Nations

55, Max Muller Marg, Lodi Estate
New Delhi - 110 003 India
Phone: 011 - 24628877 / 24693060
Dr. Nayanika Singh
GEF Consultant  
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Paryavaran Bhawan, C G O Complex,
Lodhi Road, New Delhi
Dr. Lokeshwar Rao
Centre Head
Forest research Centre,
Dulapally, Medchal
(An institute of ICFRE)
Mr. M. K. Srinivas
Director (M&A)
Central Water Commission office,

Mr. A. Paramesham
Superintending Engineer ( C )

Central Water Commission office,
Mr. N.K. Sanghi 
Street No.1, Tarnaka
Secunderabad – 500 017
Andhra Pradesh
tel: 040-27015295/27015296
fax: 27002018 
Dr T V Satyanarayana
Associate Dean
College of Agricultural Engineering &
Principal Scientist & Project Manager
AP Water Management Project

BAPATLA 522101
Andhra Pradesh, India
Mobile: 9440264684
Dr. K.Yella Reddy
Principal Scientist & Project Manager
Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University
Ist Floor, Home Science College Buildings
Bapatla – 522 101, Andhra Pradesh
Tel /fax: 08643 225194/9440264684
email :
Dr. Hans Boonstra
Chief Technical Advisor
AP Water Management Project
Alterra – ILRI
Wageningen University and Research Centre
P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen
The Netherlands
tel: 0031-317-47 4700
fax: 0031-317-41 9000
Dr. A.Nambi
Project Director
Climate Change(V &A)Project
M.S.Swaminathn Research Foundation
Direct:+ 91-44-55284773;Fax: + 91-44-2254 1319
Dr. GGSN Rao
Hyderabad – 500 059,
Dr. K. L. Sahrawat
Patancheru – 502 324
Mr. A. V. R. Kesava Rao
Patancheru – 502 324
Mr. Siva Prasad
Unit Incharge
AFPRO Field Unit VI, Hyderabad. 1-3-29/5, Nandanvan Colony. Street No.4. Habsiguda, Hyderabad-500 007

Mr. Jerome Perrin
Team Leader

Indo-French Groundwater Project Co-Team Leader,Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research centre, NGRI,
Groundwater Building
Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007,
Tel: +91 40 23 43 46 39. 
Mr. Shakeel Ahmed
Co-Team Leader
Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research centre, NGRI, Groundwater Building
Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007,
Tel: +91 40 23 43 46 39.
Mr. B. R. Kishan
Deputy Director
AP State Groundwater Department
Burugu Ramakrishna Building, Near secretariat,
Dr. Arun Balamatti
Executive Director
Agriculture Man & Ecology Foundation
No. 204, 100 Feet Ring Road
3rd Phase, Banashankari 2nd Block 3rd Stage
Bangalore – 560 085
Tel : 080-26699512/26699522
Fax : 080-26699410
Mr. V. Paul Raja Rao
Executive Director
Bharati Integrated Rural Development Society
H.NO. 26/130 B1 Gananpuram,
Nandyal (R.S) - 518 502
Kurnool District, A. P., INDIA
Phone: 08514-243444, 246112
Dr. M. Madhukar Reddy
NGO Chief
SAFE - Society for Sustainable Agriculture and Forest Ecology
7/133, RCM Compound, Near Venkata Subbaiah Colony,
Cumbhum Post - 523 33, Prakasam District, A. P. , INDIA
Phone: 08406-232235
Dr. K. A. S. Mani
Project Leader
Technical Support Team’s Office
Block No. A-2(C), HUDA Complex
Tarnaka, Hyderabad - 500 007
Phone: 040-27014730
Dr. T. N. Reddy
NGO Chief
Plot No. 142, Venkateswara Colony
Near Sub Station  
Achampet Post - 509 375 Mahaboob Nagar Dist
Phone: 08541 274164
Mr. G. Ravindra Kumar
NGO Chief
Collective Activity for Rejuvenation of Village Arts and Environment
H. No. 10-90/A, Behind CNT Hall, Jawahar Colony,
Markapur Post -523 316
Prakasam District, A. P., INDIA
Phone: 08596-226586
Mr. B. Yesu Das
NGO Chief
Development Initiatives and People's Action
Plot No. 66, P.R. Colony Giddalur Post- 523 357,
Prakasam District, A. P., INDIA
Phone: 08405-243512

Mr. P. Nazeer Khan

People's Activity and Rural Technology Nurturing Ecological Rejuvenation 
Mr. A. Sujan Das
NGO Chief
SAID - Social Awareness for Integrated Development
APFAMGS Project Office, H.No 18-1168,Ashok Nagar,
Miryalguda - 508 207, Nalgonda District,(A.P) INDIA.
Phone :  08689 - 244059
Mr. Y. Sudhakar
Deputy State Coordinator
World Education – AP
Flat- C, Ground Floor,
Shakuntala Sadan,
H.No. 3-4-1013, Barkatpura,
Hyderabad – 500 027.
Tele No: 040-27552504, 66739456. 
Mr. K. Sridhar
Technical Support Team’s Office
Block No. A-2(C), HUDA Complex
Tarnaka, Hyderabad - 500 007
Phone: 040-27014730 
Mr. G. Anil
Technical Support Team’s Office
Block No. A-2(C), HUDA Complex
Tarnaka, Hyderabad - 500 007
Phone: 040-27014730 
Mr. Yoann Urtizberea
Development Engineer, specialized in GIS & RS
Dr. D.Raj  Reddy
Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Administrative Office, Rajendranagar
Hyderabad – 500 030
Ph: 040-24015035 fax: 24015031
Dr.S.V.Govardhan Das H.No. 2-9-57/1/27
Plot No. 37 & 39
Gummadi Srinivas Reddy (GSR) Enclave
Macha Bolaram 
Ravi Prakash Chief - CSR
JSW Foundation
Torangallu - 583 275
Bellary District, Karnataka State