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Water Scarcity - the role of agriculture
The projectPhase 1Phase 2Phase 3Resources

“Coping with water scarcity – the role of agriculture – Phase 3: Strengthening national capacities” focuses on strengthening national capacities regarding possible interventions for improved water management in general, and dealing with the agricultural component of water scarcity in particular.

Donors Executing Agency Budget Estimated duration
Government of Italy Cooperative Programme Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) USD
2 373 000
36 Months

The project will provide a detailed assessment of agricultural water use, including its productivity, its value-in-use, and its efficiency during the water use process, giving the countries handles to adapt their water policy and improve their water management in the future through strategic interventions to increase their capacity to cope with water scarcity.

Expected impacts and beneficiaries
By following both a regional and a national approach, the project aims at strengthening national capacities to cope with water scarcity through the improved knowledge of their water resources situation and increased technical skills in agricultural water use.
The ultimate beneficiaries of the project will be the communities, who will benefit from development programmes and interventions utilizing water for agricultural production more efficiently. The primary beneficiaries are national government institutions who will benefit, through a set of decision support instruments, of improved ability to manage available water resources.

Other beneficiaries will be donors, international and local NGOs, educational institutions and the private sector, all of whom will have access to improved decision support instruments for planning, programming and implementing their response to water scarcity.

The projects outputs to support the strengthening of national capacities are the following:

(+) Increased capacity for water demand management in large-scale irrigation systems (+) Increased capacity to enhance water productivity in agriculture (+) Improved use of treated wastewater for irrigation at Iaat Wastewater Treatment Plant in Lebanon (+) Contribution to a comprehensive water use policy and strategy (+) Contribution to water harvesting development in Jordan


lebanon map
Name Lebanon
Capital Beirut
Population 4 197 000
Rural Population (% of total) 541 000 (12.9%)
Water Resources pro Capita (m3/inhb/year) 1 073
Irrrigation Potential (ha) 177.5
Local Partners
Lebanese Agricultural
Research Center (LARI)
Steering Committee
Ministry of Energy and Water
Italian Cooperation Office - Beirut
Ministry of Agriculture
Lebanese Agricultural Research Center (LARI)
Green Plant
jordan map
Name Jordan
Capital Amman
Population 6 026 000
Rural Population (% of total) 1 298 000 (21.5%)
Water Resources pro Capita (m3/inhb/year) 155.5
Irrrigation Potential (ha) 85
Local Partners
National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE)
Steering Committee
Ministry of Agriculture
National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE)
Jordan Valley Authority
Hashemite Fund for Development of Jordan Badia
Syrian Arab Republic
Syrian Arab Republic map
Name Syrian Arab Republic
Capital Damascus
Country Area 18 518 000 ha
Population 20 045 000
Agricultural GDP (2009) 21 % of GDP
Cultivated area (2007–2009) 5 667 100 ha
Rural Population (% of total) 8 957 000 (44.7%)
Water Resources pro Capita (m3/inhb/year) 837.7
Area equipped for irrigation (2004) 1 439 000 ha
Local Partners
Steering Committee

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