The International Programme for Technology and Research in Irrigation
and Drainage (IPTRID)
together with the Water Resources Development and Management Service
of FAO has recently undertaken a survey on the state of the art of the
irrigation modernization processes taking place in the world.
Many irrigation schemes worldwide have reached an unsustainable management level with decaying infrastructure and a reluctance or incapacity of users to contribute to their up-keeping. The gap between actual and expected performances led countries to undertake different types of actions: technical and managerial improvements at different levels (at farm, scheme and watershed level), institutional reform with irrigation agencies restructuring and transfer of irrigation management to farmers and/or private entities. In this context, the concept of "modernization" of irrigated schemes is broadly applied.
Eighteen selected cases around the world where the process of modernization of irrigation systems has actually taken place, actual irrigated area ranging from 400 to 45000 ha, have been documented until now. For each case study, the technical, managerial, institutional and financial aspects of the process that took place were studied.