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Helping to Build a World Without Hunger
  FAO Water  
6th World Water Forum
Multiple use of water MUS
Water Scarcity
World Water Forum 6
Theme Water & Food Security
The 9 Targets
T1: Rainfed agriculture
T2: Irrigated agriculture
T3: Productivity
T4: Wastewater
T5: Water storage
T6: Planning ahead
T7: Groundwater
T8: Food waste
T9: Small-holders
    Information Resources
Modernization of Irrigation Systems
Modernization of Irrigation Systems
Topics WWF6 | Theme 2.2 | Target 6
Planning ahead

By 20yy, develop and adopt two ‘regional’ (e.g. West Africa; Europe / Euro-Med) visions for food security and water, and 200 local sustainable agriculture plans

Note: In the target, the target date and the (x) % is not specified as such a value will vary between countries and is recommended to be defined at country level instead.

Demographic growth and economic development are putting unprecedented pressure on renewable, but finite, water resources, particularly in arid regions. Worldwide, agriculture is the main consumer of water on the globe. By 2050 the world’s population is expected to reach 9.1 billion, a 50% increase compared to 2000. Nearly all of this population increase will occur in emerging and least developed countries.

One of the greatest global challenges is how to secure access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet the world’s population dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (food security) while use the scarce water resources in an equitable and sustainable way (water security)

In support of sustainable agriculture, water and food securities it would be necessary to prepare and implement sustainable agriculture plans at regional and sub-regional level. The macro-regional scale (e.g. West Africa, Europe / Euro-Med) is a relevant scale to conflict prevention and thus to develop, where appropriate, shared visions and ambitious policy frameworks for food security. European Union is a historical example.

Experience however shows that this was not often the case. The new challenges of regional and global food and water security, and climate change would thus have to lead to reinforce the importance of this scale for strategic reflection and action. Challenges are enormous in some regions of the world. Unprecedented challenges will need unprecedented innovative and proven solutions.

The ‘regional’ scale (sub-national regions, large agricultural areas) could be seen as the right scale to mobilize major professional actors (cooperatives, agro-industries, professional organizations...) to build shared visions, strategies and action plan for sustainable agriculture development and sustainable food security. Such economic visions and strategies may lead for example to an appropriate choice of changing crops and practices.

The ‘territorialisation’ of strategies and approaches could be also the way to reconcile the economic and social dynamics and the environmental challenges and to find the necessary trade-off between these three dimensions of sustainable development and to build synergies among them. It can help stakeholders to decide, in due time, the necessary changes and adjustments of the economic and production practices to achieve equity and absorb shocks. It can help actors avoiding confrontation with difficult situations due to lack of anticipation. The ‘territorialisation’ can also better identify the assets of the territories from which agriculture could make profit, and it allows synergies development with other regional actors: industries, cities, tourism, etc., for win-win strategies.

Sustainable development strategies at such scales are also a condition to meet many objectives fixed by environmental policies (water, biodiversity, climate, etc). Some states and regions are beginning to engage in these new approaches. States and / or local governments with major agriculture players elaborate territorial diagnostics, scenarios and action plans.


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