Apply risk and vulnerability reduction measures

FAO supports countries and communities to reduce risks and vulnerability at household and community levels.

While most hazards are unavoidable, it is possible to prevent or reduce the risk of communities being exposed to a shock and to mitigate its impact on people, their livelihoods, food security and nutrition.

FAO promotes access to technologies and good practices among farmers, fishers, herders and foresters before, during and after shocks occur in order to address the root causes of their vulnerability, while limiting their overall exposure to future shocks (disaster risk reduction).

For example, FAO helps countries adapt to climate change extreme events and climate variability through promoting good practices such as the use of flood- and drought-resistant crops, preserving forests which shield against storms and halt land degradation. Other approaches include conservation agriculture, livelihood diversification, ecosystems approach to fisheries and aquaculture, improved safety for fishermen, seed security, financial services provision, land access and tenure, sustainable water management and diversifying family nutrition with new and existing food sources.

FAO engages a wide range of partners – such as community members, scientists, policy-makers and NGOs – to ensure that action is locally and risk informed, owned and sustainable.

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