Resilience

Global Network Against Food Crises

Integrated actions for lasting solutions

Hunger in all its manifestations is at unacceptable levels. The evidence – through the Global Report on Food Crises – has consistently flagged high levels of acute hunger – above 100 million people each year for the last three years. If current trends continue, we will be unable to deliver on our commitment to eradicate hunger by 2030.

While humanitarian assistance is critical, it is not sufficient to pull people away from acute food insecurity. There is clear a need to address the underlying vulnerabilities and root causes of food crises, while meeting immediate needs. This requires a better alignment and coordination of humanitarian interventions with preventative, resilience-oriented development actions.

The Global Network Against Food Crises was launched by the European Union, FAO and WFP during the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) to respond to the WHS’s call for new approaches to tackle protracted crises and recurrent disasters, reduce vulnerability, and manage risk, by bridging the divide between development and humanitarian partners.

The implementation of the Global Network aims at strengthening partnership while prioritizing interventions according to evidence-based analysis and ultimately bringing at scale country resilience programmes.

In this framework, the Global Network is a key tool for formulating and delivering food security and nutrition outcomes in food crisis countries, thus supporting the efforts towards achieving the Zero Hunger goal of the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.

How the Global Network works

The Global Network’s partners operate at national, regional and global level along three interlinked dimensions:

Understanding food crises – Generating evidence-based information and analysis

The work under this dimension is to promote neutral and consensus-based information on food crises, as global public goods to timely support decision-making processes at all levels, as well as highlight and address possible data and information gaps. It builds on existing country mechanisms for food security and nutrition analysis as well as on the arrangement in place for global and regional analysis and information on food crises, facilitated by the Food Security Information Network (FSIN). In addition, the Global Network promotes and increasingly benefits from the strategic linkages between other initiatives that aim to strengthen the predictive analysis of food crises to inform prevention and early responses.

Strategic Investment in food and nutrition security – Leveraging strategic investments to prepare, prevent and respond to food crises

Using the information and analysis generated under the first dimension, the Global Network promotes strategic, evidence-based and coherent investments in food and nutrition security in countries facing or at risk of food crisis. The work integrates preparedness, anticipatory and early action to reduce the impact of acute crisis, and simultaneous short-term humanitarian actions with medium to long-term development for country recovery and reconstruction.

Going beyond food – Fostering political uptake and functional coordination across clusters/sectors to address other dimensions driving the food security crisis scenarios

The work under this dimension is to increase collaboration and coordination between agencies, institutions and networks to holistically address food crises. Addressing multiple facets of food crises require multisector interventions, a combination of humanitarian, development and peace efforts, and greater coherence across sectors. Under this dimension, the Global Network fosters high-level advocacy and political uptake to address humanitarian, development and peacebuilding needs.

Since its launch, the ongoing efforts to operationalize the Global Network show a great commitment by the international community in establishing a coordinated mechanism to improve the current response instruments.

Therefore, the Global Network is expanding and bolstering stronger alliances with all parties in order to speed and scale up the Network’s efforts to move beyond evidence towards more coherent coordinated strategic investments along the Humanitarian-Development-Peace nexus.

Definition and approach

FAO contribution

FAO is one of the core founders of the Global Network therefore working intensively to operationalize it in its full capacities and according to its approach.

In particular FAO, through a major EU contribution, the “Global Network Against Food Crises Partnership Programme”, works along the three dimensions of the Global Network at global, regional and national levels. The work revolves around production of food security information to strengthen prevention, response mechanisms and resilience interventions based on actual needs. It focuses on a set of countries where targeted investments are made to enable a process of learning of the most effective typologies of intervention for specific food crises contexts and ensure replication and scalability accordingly and in a coordinated manner.

The Global Network is the main existing and fast expanding framework to support the implementation of FAO’s critical work in food crisis contexts. FAO will maintain its leadership in driving the concrete work of the Global Network and in consolidating partnerships to collaborate effectively towards greater coherence across the Humanitarian-Development-Peace nexus.