La resiliencia

Resilience Analysis in the Triangle of Hope: Mauritania 2015

Resilience Analysis in the Triangle of Hope: Mauritania 2015
Jul 2016

Mauritania presents an important regional heterogeneity with regard to poverty and resilience. The regions there of Guidimagha, Tagant, Assaba and Brakna show a poverty rate greater than 40 percent (ONS, 2015) and are considered the most disadvantaged regions. These areas together are referred to as the Triangle of Hope.

Exogenous shocks are a serious threat for households located in the Triangle of Hope. The environment, land and agricultural resources are under increasing pressure as drought becomes more frequent. Drought is a cyclical phenomenon in the south of Mauritania, contributing to food insecurity and malnutrition (Equipe Humanitaire Pays, 2016). In fact, intra-year seasonality strongly affects households’ livelihoods in these regions. More generally, the Triangle of Hope is chronically suffering from droughts and other climatic threats like floods and low rainfall.

Furthermore, despite progress over the last ten years, the weakness of national public infrastructure and basic services distresses households’ living conditions in the Triangle of Hope. Access to primary services (primary school, drinking water and telephone services) is considered satisfactory at the national level, with a rate higher than 50 percent. Nevertheless, different levels of access to public infrastructure and basic services can be observed between the four regions mentioned above, the national average, and the country’s capital, Nouakchott (ONS, 2015).

The regional disparities between the Triangle of Hope and the rest of Mauritania have motivated this resilience analysis. This analysis is based on a household survey implemented ad hoc by the Resilience Analysis and Policies (RAP) team of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) along with the Office National de la Statistique (ONS) of Mauritania. The household survey was conducted in December 2015 in the Triangle of Hope, which again comprises the regions of Guidimagha, Tagant, Assaba and Brakna.

This report aims to identify the key pillars of resilience and related contributing factors at the household level using the FAO Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA-II) methodology. The pillars of resilience considered in this analysis are Access to Basic Services (ABS), Assets (AST), Social Safety Nets (SSN) and Adaptive Capacity (AC), based on consultations with ONS and other local experts, literature review and previous analyses (FAO, 2016c).

The second part of RIMA-II explores the role of shocks in explaining resilience capacity and describes the association between factors that contribute to resilience and food security. The final aim is to compare the findings of the resilience analysis with some of the key policies put in place or programmed by the Government of Mauritania, with a specific focus on the regions analysed here. This analysis can therefore be used to critically review policies that affect resilience, which have already been implemented or are set to be implemented.

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