FAO Food Price Index
The FAO Food Price Index is a measure of the monthly change in international prices of a basket of food commodities. It consists of the average of five commodity group price indices, weighted with the average export shares of each of the groups for 2002-2004.
Monthly release dates for 2016: 07 January, 04 February, 03 March, 07 April, 05 May, 02 June, 07 July, 04 August, 08 September, 06 October, 10 November, 08 December.
The FAO Food Price Index starts the new year with another decline
Release date: 04/02/2016
» The FAO Food Price Index* (FFPI) averaged 150.4 points in January 2016, down almost 3 points (1.9 percent) from December and as much as 29 points (16 percent) below January 2015. The prices of all the commodities tracked by the Index fell, with sugar and dairy products registering the steepest declines.
» The FAO Cereal Price Index averaged 149.1 points in January, down 2.5 points (1.7 percent) from December. Ample global supplies, increased competition for export markets and a strong US dollar continued to weigh on international wheat and maize prices, with the US maize quotations falling to multi-year lows. Rice prices declined only marginally.
» The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index averaged 139.1 points in January, down 2.4 points (1.7 percent) from December. The slide was mainly caused by a marked drop in soyoil prices, reflecting expectations of ample global soybean supplies, notwithstanding lower than earlier anticipated production in the United States and Brazil. International palm oil prices were stable, as subdued global import demand was counter balanced by prospects of production slowdowns in the coming months.
» The FAO Dairy Price Index averaged 145.1 points in January, down 4.4 points (3.0 percent) from December. Large winter milk production in the EU, better than anticipated availability in Oceania and torpid import demand have caused international prices of all the dairy commodities covered by the Index to dip, with Whole Milk Powder (WMP) being the most affected.
» The FAO Meat Price Index* averaged 148.3 points in January, down 1.7 points (1.1 percent) from its December revised value. Quotations fell for most categories, with the exception of pigmeat, which was stable, mainly due to the opening of EU aid to private storage in January. Sheepmeat prices were sharply lower, reflecting the beginning of the peak production period in Oceania, while a lacklustre demand weighed on the prices of poultry and bovine meat.
» The FAO Sugar Price Index averaged 199.4 points in January, down 8.4 points (4.1 percent) from December, marking the first decline after four months of steady rises. The decrease was prompted by better than expected crop conditions in Brazil, the world´s leading sugar producer and exporter. Prospects for reduced sugar outputs in India, Thailand, South Africa and China were not sufficient to reverse the price fall.
* Unlike for other commodity groups, most prices utilized in the calculation of the FAO Meat Price Index are not available when the FAO Food Price Index is computed and published; therefore, the value of the Meat Price Index for the most recent months is derived from a mixture of projected and observed prices. This can, at times, require significant revisions in the final value of the FAO Meat Price Index which could in turn influence the value of the FAO Food Price Index.
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