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FAO Food Price Index

The FAO Food Price Index is a measure of the monthly change in international prices of a basket of food commodities. It consists of the average of five commodity group price indices, weighted with the average export shares of each of the groups for 2002-2004.

Monthly release dates for 2015: 08 January, 05 February, 05 March, 02 April, 07 May, 04 June, 09 July, 06 August, 10 September, 08 October, 05 November, 03 December.

Please note that the November 2013 release of the FAO Food Price Index (FFPI) introduced a number of revisions to the way the FFPI is calculated, including changes to its commodity coverage. The changes introduced did not significantly alter the values of the series. The revised FFPI has also been extended back to 1961.

For more detailed information (in all languages) please see the special feature article of the November 2013 issue of the Food Outlook. An expanded version of the article, which contains more technical background is available in English only.

The FAO Food Price Index remained steady for the third consecutive month

Release date: 04/12/2014

» The FAO Food Price Index averaged 192.6 points in November 2014, virtually unchanged from October, but 13 points (6.4 percent) below November 2013. While the price indices of both cereals and vegetable oils rose last month, they fell markedly in the case of sugar and dairy products and remained stable in the case of meat.

» The FAO Cereal Price Index averaged 183 points in November, up 4.7 points (2.6 percent) from October, but still 11.3 points (5.8 percent) down year-on-year. The November increase marked the first significant monthly gain since March 2014, as large supplies and prospects of another good production in 2014 continued to weigh on prices. However, in the past few weeks, international wheat quotations recovered, largely on less than ideal growing conditions in recently sown crops in North Hemisphere countries, while maize received support from gains in the soybean complex. By contrast, rice prices weakened, reflecting the arrival of abundant newly harvested supplies on the market and sluggish import demand. 

» The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index averaged 164.9 points in November, up 1.2 points (0.7 percent) month-on-month, but 16.9 percent below November 2013. Last month’s rise was mainly driven by an improvement in palm oil prices, following production slowdowns in Malaysia and Indonesia and steady global import demand. Quotations for sunflower oil also remained firm on lower than anticipated global production. Continued weakness in soyoil prices prevented the index from appreciating further.

» The FAO Dairy Price Index averaged 178.1 points in November, down 6.2 points (3.4 percent) from October and 72.7 points (29.0 percent) less year-on-year; the substantial fall in international milk product prices over the past 12 months compares with a more modest year-on-year decline for the FAO Food Price Index overall.  Since the beginning of the year, when prices were exceptionally high, quotations for dairy products have fallen, mainly as a result of increased export availability and a reduction in the pace of importation by some of the major markets, especially China and the Russian Federation.

» The FAO Meat Price Index averaged 210.4 points in November, essentially unchanged from its revised value for October.  Quotations for most types of meat, in particular bovine meat, are at historic highs, and the Index stands 24.8 points (13.3 percent) above its corresponding level in 2013. Quotations for all types of meat were stable in November, with the exception of ovine meat which moved moderately higher. 

» The FAO Sugar Price Index averaged 230 points in November, down 7.6 points (3.2 percent) from October 2014. Last month’s decline reflected a return of rainfalls in the main sugar producing region in Brazil, the world’s largest sugar producer and exporter, which reduced concerns over the potential effect of a prolonged drought that had affected the country. Against a backdrop of ample supplies, international sugar prices remained about 8 percent below their level in November 2013.


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