FAO Food Price Index
The FAO Food Price Index is a measure of the monthly change in international prices of a basket of food commodities. It consists of the average of five commodity group price indices, weighted with the average export shares of each of the groups for 2002-2004. For more detailed information (in all languages) please see the special feature article of the November 2013 issue of the Food Outlook. An expanded version of the article, which contains more technical background is available in English only.
Monthly release dates for 2017: 12 January, 02 February, 02 March, 06 April, 04 May, 08 June, 06 July, 03 August, 07 September, 05 October, 02 November, 07 December.
The FAO Food Price edged higher in February
Release date: 02/03/2017
» The FAO Food Price Index* (FFPI) averaged 175.5 points in February 2017, up 0.9 points (0.5 percent) from a slightly revised January value. At this level, the FFPI is as much as 26 points, or 17.2 percent, higher than its level in the corresponding month last year and at its highest value since February 2015. With the exception of vegetable oils, the indices of all other commodities used in the calculation of the FFPI increased in February, especially of cereals.
» The FAO Cereal Price Index averaged 150.6 points in February, up 3.7 points (2.5 percent) from January. At this level, the Index stands at its highest level since June 2016, but only slightly (around 1.6 percent) above its value a year ago. Wheat quotations gained 3 percent on stronger pace in trade activities, combined with logistical issues in the US ports. The increase in maize values was less significant, but strong demand kept prices firm. International rice prices firmed for the third successive month, mostly reflecting currency movements and expectations of stronger Basmati sales.
» The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index averaged 178.7 points in February, down 7.6 points (4.1 percent) from January, marking the first month-on-month decline since October 2016. The Index is, however, still up 28 points, or 19 percent, from last year. The drop in prices in February mainly reflects developments in the palm and soy oil markets. While prospective production increases in Southeast Asia and slowing global import demand put downward pressure on palm oil prices, soy quotations eased on account of higher crop forecasts in Brazil and Argentina as well as ample soyoil supplies in Argentina and the United States – following subdued demand from biodiesel producers.
» The FAO Dairy Price Index averaged 194.2 points in February, up slightly from the previous month and reaching its highest level since August 2014. At this level, it is 52 points, or 37 percent, higher than the corresponding period last year. While dairy markets are awaiting the emerging trend for export availabilities from the EU and the United States as the current dairy year unfolds, supplies to the international market continue to be adequate considering the level of demand. Looking at the general market trends over the past twelve months, butter-fat has been the dairy commodity in strongest demand, which caused butter and whole milk powder prices to increase by substantially more than those of skimmed milk powder and cheese.
» The FAO Meat Price Index* averaged 160.6 points in February, up 1.7 points (1.1 percent) from January, with prices of bovine and ovine meat receiving a boost while those of poultry and pig meat were little changed. In Australia, quotations climbed as herd rebuilding reduced availability of bovine meat. Meanwhile, the ending of the seasonal slaughter peak for ovine meat in Oceania impinged on supply and triggered a price increase. Pig and poultry meat markets, however, remained well-balanced.
» The FAO Sugar Price Index averaged 290.3 points in February, up 1.8 points (0.6 percent) from January. International prices remained sensitive to changing prospects for sugar output in the main producing countries, notably in Brazil, the world’s largest sugar producer and exporter, where protracted supply tightness continued to prevail. Expected production shortfalls in India and in Thailand, the world’s second largest sugar exporter, also provided some support to prices. Reports of higher expected production in the EU, on expanding planted beet area, and China, limited the month-on-month gain.
* Unlike for other commodity groups, most prices utilized in the calculation of the FAO Meat Price Index are not available when the FAO Food Price Index is computed and published; therefore, the value of the Meat Price Index for the most recent months is derived from a mixture of projected and observed prices. This can, at times, require significant revisions in the final value of the FAO Meat Price Index which could in turn influence the value of the FAO Food Price Index.
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