Agroecology Knowledge Hub

Circular and solidarity economy: it reconnects producers and consumers and provides innovative solutions for living within our planetary boundaries while ensuring the social foundation for inclusive and sustainable development

Agroecology seeks to reconnect producers and consumers through a circular and solidarity economy that prioritizes local markets and supports local economic development by creating virtuous cycles. Agroecological approaches promote fair solutions based on local needs, resources and capacities, creating more equitable and sustainable markets. Strengthening short food circuits can increase the incomes of food producers while maintaining a fair price for consumers. These include new innovative markets, alongside more traditional territorial markets, where most smallholders market their products.

Social and institutional innovations play a key role in encouraging agroecological production and consumption. Examples of innovations that help link producers and consumers include participatory guarantee schemes, local producer’s markets, denomination of origin labelling, community supported agriculture and e-commerce schemes. These innovative markets respond to a growing demand from consumers for healthier diets.

Re-designing food systems based on the principles of circular economy can help address the global food waste challenge by making food value chains shorter and more resource-efficient. Currently, one third of all food produced is lost or wasted, failing to contribute to food security and nutrition, while exacerbating pressure on natural resources. The energy used to produce food that is lost or wasted is approximately 10 percent of the world’s total energy consumption, while the food waste footprint is equivalent to 3.5 Gt CO2 of greenhouse gas emissions per year.


Italy’s bio-districts represent clearly defined territories that encompass organic agriculture and food production, promotion of local community initiatives, cultural heritage, and traditional crafts. Bio-districts foster collaboration between farmers, local residents, tourism operators, local authorities, and other cultural and historical institutes and organisations. Italy has 30 bio-districts. Bio-district della Via Amerina e...
This report assesses the working and learning conditions of young agricultural workers, defined as people who labour in the fields, mountains and farms and also in the livestock or food processing units and who are younger than 40 years old. The report looks at a wide range of issues including...
This book offers an inspiring overview of opportunities and solutions to preserve the Congo Basin forests and their mega biodiversity. It presents an intriguing mix of eyewitness reports, interviews and opinions of experts, most of them native to Central Africa itself. In this book, Chinese experts give their view on how...
On 22 May 2020, the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Rural Development, Francisco Ramos, signed a public-private partnership protocol entitled "100% Organic Sao Tome and Principe" aiming to guarantee the food and nutritional security of the country through production of nutritious and quality food for local and export markets. One...
Sao Tome and Principe
The COVID-19 pandemic is a multidimensional threat that has affected the political, economic, social, environmental, and food sectors. Therefore, an adequate response is needed to protect both urban and rural areas. In line with "Agenda 2030", it is proposed, Agroecology as a solution to promote an urgent transition towards sustainable...