Agroecology Knowledge Hub

Circular and solidarity economy: it reconnects producers and consumers and provides innovative solutions for living within our planetary boundaries while ensuring the social foundation for inclusive and sustainable development

Agroecology seeks to reconnect producers and consumers through a circular and solidarity economy that prioritizes local markets and supports local economic development by creating virtuous cycles. Agroecological approaches promote fair solutions based on local needs, resources and capacities, creating more equitable and sustainable markets. Strengthening short food circuits can increase the incomes of food producers while maintaining a fair price for consumers. These include new innovative markets, alongside more traditional territorial markets, where most smallholders market their products.

Social and institutional innovations play a key role in encouraging agroecological production and consumption. Examples of innovations that help link producers and consumers include participatory guarantee schemes, local producer’s markets, denomination of origin labelling, community supported agriculture and e-commerce schemes. These innovative markets respond to a growing demand from consumers for healthier diets.

Re-designing food systems based on the principles of circular economy can help address the global food waste challenge by making food value chains shorter and more resource-efficient. Currently, one third of all food produced is lost or wasted, failing to contribute to food security and nutrition, while exacerbating pressure on natural resources. The energy used to produce food that is lost or wasted is approximately 10 percent of the world’s total energy consumption, while the food waste footprint is equivalent to 3.5 Gt CO2 of greenhouse gas emissions per year.


IPM was first proposed in 1957, as a concept that promoted biological control, good agronomic practices and the use of other means to control pests besides chemical pesticides. IPM is location specific, based on local field ecology and socio-economic conditions. IPM in the Iranian programme meant more than just “pest...
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Case study
By planting a range of different crops, each with its own genetic diversity and potential for change, the plants themselves can adapt, and if one crop fails, farmers don't necessarily lose their whole harvest.  Farmers in Ecuador rarely use traditional seeds these days. Instead, they mostly plant industrial varieties not native...
29 June 2022 | 10AM- 4PM Bangkok Time (GMT +8) | Register here The UN Decade of Family Farming 2019-2028 (UNDFF), a joint initiative of FAO and IFAD, was launched on 29 May 2019 at FAO headquarters in Rome as a framework for countries to develop public policies and investments to support family farming from...
Agroecology Newsletter of February 2023
Orto 2.0 is an Agricultural Cooperative Society born in Rome, Italy in the summer of 2017 and run by 4 young farmers, all under 30 years old. The youngsters aim, with their enterprise, to offer access to fresh, safe, and nutritious food to people living in the urban area of...