المعايير البيئية والاجتماعية

تتصدّر منظمة الأغذية والزراعة (المنظمة) الجهود الرامية إلى التوصل إلى زراعة مستدامة من خلال تشجيع حماية الموارد الطبيعية واستخدامها على نحو مستدام بموازاة تلبية الاحتياجات المتنامية في المجتمع من أجل سبل عيش كريمة وقادرة على الصمود.

وقد عمدت المنظمة في هذا السياق إلى تحديث خطوطها التوجيهية للإدارة البيئية والاجتماعية من أجل دعم تطبيق المعايير البيئية والاجتماعية. وتهدف الخطوط التوجيهية إلى تحديد المخاطر البيئية والاجتماعية لأيّ مشروع وتقييمها وإدارتها، وإلى اتباع تراتبية للحد من وطأة التأثيرات وتشجيع النظم الزراعية والغذائية المستدامة.

Environmental and social risk management

All projects and field activities implemented by FAO must ensure that they do not present any risks to the environment or to people. Risks that projects present are generally inadvertent, and may be in areas that are not the main topic of a project.

FAO's environmental and social risk management system helps project formulators and implementers to identify potential risks, and take measures to avoid them or minimize their adverse impacts. 

Framework for Environmental and Social Management

In June 2022, FAO adopted the Framework for Environmental and Social Management (FESM), which replaces the Environmental and Social Management Guidelines (2015) and is complementary to the Compliance Reviews Following Complaints Related to the Organization’s Environmental and Social Standards Guidelines.

The FESM establishes environmental and social performance requirements for FAO programming. It includes key elements of a human rights-based approach with the goal to ensure that people and the environment are protected from any potential adverse impacts of FAO programmes and projects, that all stakeholders have ample opportunities to actively participate in the activities of programmes and projects, and  have access to effective channels to voice their concerns about them. 

Environmental and social standards (ESS)

The FESM is underpinned by nine environmental and social standards (ESS), which reflect the organization’s commitment to mainstream social and environmental sustainability in programmes and projects.

The desired outcomes are described in the objectives of each standard, followed by specific requirements to help project managers address the risks. Through application of the ESS, FAO enhances the consistency, transparency and accountability of its decision-making and actions, improves performance, and strengthens achievement of positive outcomes when implementing its core mandate of ending global hunger. 

In addition to the ESS, three processes must be in place:

Disclosure

Disclosure of relevant project information helps stakeholders to effectively participate in project consultations. FAO will disclose in a timely manner information on environmental and social risks to programming that is relevant, understandable, accessible and culturally appropriate.

Stakeholder engagement

Stakeholder engagement

FAO is committed to ensuring meaningful, effective and informed participation of all relevant stakeholders in the formulation and implementation of FAO programmes and projects. Special attention should be given to ensure an adequate representation of women and groups who are most at risk of social and environmental impacts.

The term 'stakeholder' refers to individuals, groups, or organizations representing them, who are affected or are likely to be affected by project activities or to those who may have an interest in the programming activities. Government partners, civil society actors and organizations, local government actors, private sector actors and other groups are crucial stakeholders in FAO’s projects and programmes.

Grievance mechanisms

Stakeholders involved in FAO activities have a right to exercise their opinions, whether positive or negative, to the organization responsible for actions that affect them. Addressing grievances early and effectively mitigates, manages and resolves problems and prevents their escalation.

All FAO project/programme-level grievance redress mechanisms shall receive and address complaints related to the implementation of activities in a timely and culturally appropriate manner. In addition to project/programme-level grievance and conflict resolution mechanisms, FAO has established an Independent Accountability Mechanism with the Office of the Inspector General that sets out a system as a supplemental means of redress for concerns of affected parties as specified in the ‘Compliance reviews following complaints related to the Organization’s Environmental and Social Standards Guidelines’.