Global Agro-Ecological Zoning version 4 (GAEZ v4)


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) have cooperated over several decades to develop and implement the Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZ) modelling framework and databases. AEZ relies on well-established land evaluation principles to assess natural resources for finding suitable agricultural land utilization options. It identifies resource limitations and opportunities based on plant eco-physiological characteristics, climatic and edaphic requirements of crops and it uses these to evaluate suitability and production potentials for individual crop types under specific input and management conditions. Managing the constraints imposed by agro-ecological conditions and knowing what the most viable crop options are, facilitates planning decisions. In this way choices can be made, which are not only more productive, but also sustainable and resilient to climatic variability. The AEZ framework contributes to several of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by providing information about current and future agricultural production risks and opportunities, irrigation water demand, and crop development and adaptation options.

Global Agro-Ecological Zoning version 4 (GAEZ v4) is the most ambitious global assessment to date and the new Data Portal has been developed to make the database widely and easily accessible for users. It comprises a large volume of spatial natural resources indicators and results of agro-ecological crop analysis.

Latest News
FAO NSL Geospatial Unit organises a webinar on the use of PyAEZ for Agro-Ecological Zoning on 9 June 2022. The webinar is dedicated to national experts from the Department of Agricultural Land Management of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Lao PDR

This video presents the new version of the GAEZ v4 Data Portal developed by FAO in collaboration with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).


The document provides updated information on the GAEZ v4 methodological approach and the conceptual framework of the assessment.


The User’s Guide provides detailed information about the GAEZ dataset structure and platform functionalities.


This brochure provides a broad overview of the AEZ historical background, potential uses, and available functions in the GAEZ v4 Data Portal.