What are Geographical Indications?A Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. Most commonly, a GI consists of the name of the place of origin. The specific qualities involved are the result of local natural or human factors. GIs thus represent a collective asset linked to the local heritage and reputation. GIs are protected by intellectual property rights, in accordance with the World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications.
FAO’s work on GIs helps unleash their potential for sustainable development and sustainable food systems, in partnership with international organizations, countries, local authorities, communities and researchers.
GIs in the world (oriGin data):
Asia: 3 440
Central/South America: 499
North America: 409
Europe: 3 923
World: 8 608
- GIs and sustainable use of genetic resources
- Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
- Origin labelling of food boosting local economies