Geographical Indications

People, places, foods


A Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. Most commonly, a GI consists of the name of the place of origin. The specific qualities involved are the result of local natural or human factors. GIs thus represent a collective asset linked to the local heritage and reputation. GIs are protected by intellectual property rights, in accordance with the World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications.

FAO’s work on GIs helps unleash their potential for sustainable development and sustainable food systems, in partnership with international organizations, countries, local authorities, communities and researchers.

GI-Conference-2022 e-Africa

Labelling and certification schemes for Indigenous Peoples' foods. Generating income while protecting and promoting Indigenous Peoples’ values.

This review analyses the potential of labelling and certification schemes for Indigenous Peoples to be able to market their food products. 

In particular, the publication focuses on schemes that are designed by, with and for Indigenous Peoples, and that can provide economic, social and environmental benefits while protecting and promoting their unique values centered around the respect of life and Mother Earth.