Geographical Indications

People, places, foods

What are Geographical Indications?

A Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. Most commonly, a GI consists of the name of the place of origin. The specific qualities involved are the result of local natural or human factors. GIs thus represent a collective asset linked to the local heritage and reputation. GIs are protected by intellectual property rights, in accordance with the World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications.

FAO’s role

FAO’s work on GIs helps unleash their potential for sustainable development and sustainable food systems, in partnership with international organizations, countries, local authorities, communities and researchers.

News
e-Africa GI-Conference-2022
Publications

All publications

Latest publications
Geographical indications for sustainable food systems

Evaluating geographical indications

Guide to tailor evaluations for the development and improvement of geographical indications

Selected publications
Geographical indications for sustainable food systems
Geographical indications for sustainable food systems
Strengthening sustainable food systems through geographical indications