Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme

The Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) programme strengthens FAO’s longstanding work to address climate change in the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors and supports countries participating in the climate change negotiation processes within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The MICCA programme generates technical knowledge, working on the ground and with partners to:

  • monitor and assess greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the mitigation potential in agriculture; 
  • develop the capacity of stakeholders working on national GHG inventories and farmers using CSA practices;
  • carry out life cycle assessments to guide decision making; 
  • give guidance on climate change mitigation & adaptation options, including for peatlands and organic soils;
  • mainstream gender in CSA; facilitate online communities of practice; and run online learning events.


What is climate-smart agriculture and why is it important?

Key findings

  1. In addition to its potential to reduce GHG emissions, agriculture is the only sector that has the capacity to remove GHGs safely and cost-effectively from the atmosphere without reducing productivity
  2. Agriculture has the potential to benefit from synergies between climate change adaptation and mitigation within the right enabling conditions.
  3. Enhancing the capacity of individuals and enriching the enabling environment in developing countries can simplify efforts to address climate change in agriculture. 
  4. Robust data and strong institutional arrangements can facilitate the identification of feasible and effective climate change mitigation options in the agriculture and land use sectors.
  5. Efficient livestock production systems can significantly reduce GHG emissions and enhance sinks while increasing productivity.
  6. Male & female farmers must be given equal access to climate information, training & decision-making fora.
  7. Conservation and improved management of peatlands reduces GHG emissions, maintains ecosystem services and helps communities adapt to climate change.