The impact of disasters on agriculture and food security
Droughts, floods, storms and other disasters triggered by climate change have risen in frequency and severity over the last three decades, increasing the damage caused to the agricultural sectors of many developing countries and putting them at risk of growing food insecurity, FAO warns in a new report released ahead of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21)in Paris. Worldwide, between 2003 and 2013 – the period analyzed in the study - the average annual number of disasters caused by all types of natural hazards, including climate-related events, almost doubled since the 1980s. The total economic damage caused is estimated at $1.5 trillion. The FAO report is based on a review of 78 on the ground post disaster needs-assessments conducted in developing countries coupled with statistical analyses of production losses, changes in trade flows and agriculture sector growth associated with 140 medium and large scale disasters - defined as those affecting at least 250,000 people.
Référence: F0134/EN
2min. 41sec.
Sujet(s): Agriculture & cultures, Animaux & élevage, Changement climatique, Forêts, Pêches & aquaculture, Sécurité alimentaire