Geographical Indications systems
Year of establishment: 2015
Herat-Bastan Saffron (locally known as Zafaran) is the a spice derived from the flower of of the Crocus Sativus L. plant. The physical, organoleptic and chemical characteristics of the product are linked to the environment and the conditions in which the product is grown and to the practices applied during the growth stages. Herat-Bastan Saffron is marketed exclusively in threads, which are also called stigma. The threads must be strong and red stigmas. The saffron threads' colour for consumption is red, the colour depends on crocin content which is naturally present in saffron. Herat-Bastan Saffron has a unique aroma due to its safranal content and has a distinctive bitter taste attributable to the picrocrocin content. What makes ‘Herat-Bastan Saffron’ special are its colouring power, and aromatic strong properties. Production areas: Ghoryan, Zindajan, Guzara, Anjil, Karokh, Pashtun Zarghun, Shendand and Obey districts of Herat Province;
Khost Spera Mosakhil Pine Nut is restricted to the shelled and unshelled dry forest fruit of the Chilgoza pine (Pinus gerardiana) species. Production areas: Spera, Musakhil, Qalandar, Nadisrshah Kot and Dwa Manda District of Khost Province;
Kandahar Arghandab Pomegranate is the fruit of a local variety locally known as Pand Post and Nazak Post (Thick Peel and Thin Peel) of the species Punica granatum L., both varieties are indigenous of Kandahar Province. The physical, organoleptic, and chemical characteristics of the product are linked to the environment and the conditions in which the product is grown and to the practices applied during the growth stages. Kandahar-Arghandab Pomegranate produced in this region is easily recognizable, since it has high content of juice, ruby-red arils, colour, and its remarkable flavour. The product is characterized by its acid-sugar balance, pink to red outer skin and the anthocyanin content of the arils, which gives them a pink to dark red colour.