Portail de l'appui aux politiques et de la gouvernance

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70240

2014

Pertes et gaspillages de nourriture dans le contexte de systèmes alimentaires durables

Les pertes et gaspillages de nourriture ont une incidence sur la viabilité à long terme et la résilience des systèmes agricoles et alimentaires, lesquels risquent de ne plus assurer aux générations actuelles et futures la sécurité alimentaire et une nutrition satisfaisante pour tous. La réduction des pertes et gaspillages de nourriture est par ailleurs de nature à permettre une meilleure utilisation des ressources naturelles. Les pertes et gaspillages de nourriture sont une conséquence du mode de fonctionnement des systèmes alimentaires. Toutes les parties prenantes – États, à tous les niveaux concernés de gouvernance, organisations internationales, secteur privé et société civile – affirment que la sécurité alimentaire et [...]

Report

2014

La situation mondiale des pêches et de l'aquaculture 2014. Possibilités et défis

Jamais la pêche et l'aquaculture n'ont joué un rôle si important dans l'alimentation et les revenus d'un si grand nombre de personnes, même si des pratiques préjudiciables et une mauvaise gestion menacent la durabilité du secteur, indique un nouveau rapport de la FAO publié aujourd'hui. Selon la dernière édition de la Situation mondiale des pêches et de l'aquaculture, en 2012 la production halieutique et aquacole s'est établie à 158 millions de tonnes, soit environ 10 millions de tonnes de plus qu'en 2010. La présente édition vise à fournir des données et des informations objectives, fiables et actualisées à un large éventail [...]

Issue paper

2014

Agriculture and Nutrition: A Common Future

This framework outlines the potential of agriculture to improve nutrition, sets out the guiding principles and provides a joint strategic response for shaping policy dialogue and ensuring alignment in the design of policies and operational programmes in agriculture and nutrition.

Tool

2014

Integrating the Right to Adequate Food in National Food and Nutrition Security Policies and Programmes. Practical Approaches to Policy and Programme Analysis

This volume outlines a simple and practical way to analyse the design and implementation of food and nutrition security (FNS) policies and programmes from a right to food perspective. The right to food approach, as an instrument to help formulate FNS policies and programmes, is emphasized. The primary focus is on national overarching FNS policies. The question of how to assess sector policies that may have direct or indirect impacts on food security and nutrition security is also addressed. Good policies need an enabling implementation environment, which includes evidence-based decisions, adequate financial and human resources and sound governance. These aspects [...]

Case study

2014

Policy Responses to High Food Prices in Latin America and the Caribbean: Country Case Studies

This publication presents evidence with regard to the effectiveness of policies and programmes introduced in response to rising food prices in eight selected Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru. The case studies provide insights into the economic and policy environment at the time of the first price spike of 2007–08, analyse the measures that were introduced in response and discuss the evidence on the effects on the food security situation. As such they provide lessons learned in terms of the effectiveness of the different measures in achieving the intended food security goals, including [...]

Issue paper

2013

Food Security and Sovereignty

During the XXXII Regional FAO Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean, held in Buenos Aires in March 2012, one of the issues proposed for the agenda and agreed upon by the participants was that “FAO will organize a broad and dynamic debate with the participation of the civil society and academia to discuss the concept of food sovereignty, the meaning of which has been not been agreed upon by FAO Member States and the United Nations System.” (FAO, 2012, paragraph 25) To this end, this ad h oc document, prepared by the consultant Gustavo Gordillo, contains information and analysis [...]

Training & e-learning

2013

Food Composition Data

This course explains the importance of food composition tables and databases, food description (selection and nomenclature), food components (analysis, calculation, conversion and units), covers the aspects of quality and food biodiversity, as well as compilation principles. The course is designed to be used in universities to help future professionals appreciate food composition data and use them adequately to improve data quality, availability and usage worldwide. 

Case study

2013

Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems and Well-Being Interventions and policies for healthy communities

This book is about Indigenous Peoples’ food systems and how important local knowledge about foods and the ecosystems that provide them can be used to improve health and well-being. The authors describe processes and activities in nine cultures of Indigenous Peoples, where interventions were developed and implemented with local knowledge, and explain how this information can benefit Indigenous Peoples everywhere, and all of humankind. Food and nutrition insecurity and the burden of high incidence of non-communicable diseases reach all corners of the globe. This “nutrition transition” is driven by changing lifestyles, loss of livelihoods for all those engaged in food production, increasing poverty and urbanization, and [...]

Report

2013

The State of Food and Agriculture 2013. Food System for Better Nutrition

Malnutrition in all its forms - undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity - imposes unacceptably high economic and social costs on countries at all income levels. "The State of Food and Agriculture 2013: Food systems for better nutrition" argues that improving nutrition and reducing these costs must begin with food and agriculture. The traditional role of agriculture in producing food and generating income is fundamental, but agriculture and the entire food system - from inputs and production, through processing, storage, transport and retailing, to consumption - can contribute much more to the eradication of malnutrition.

70252

2013

La résilience des moyens d'existence. Réduction des risques de catastrophe pour la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle

Par ses activités de réduction des risques de catastrophe, la FAO s’efforce de protéger les moyens d’existence contre les chocs, de rendre les systèmes de production alimentaire plus résilients et capables d’absorber l’impact d’événements perturbateurs et de s’en relever. La réduction des risques de catastrophe a pour effet de protéger les investissements consentis dans l’agriculture, l’élevage, les pêches/l’aquaculture et la forêt au service du développement, ce qui aide les plus vulnérables à accéder à la sécurité alimentaire. La réduction des risques de catastrophe est vitale pour garantir l’un des droits humains les plus fondamentaux, à savoir le droit à l’alimentation, et son [...]