Портал по вопросам поддержки политики и управления

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Issue paper

2023

Groundwater governance and the water-energy-food nexus in action: a global review of policy and practice. SOLAW 21 Technical background report

The dominance of insular, supply-side technocratic thinking has posed a major challenge to improving water governance in the face of mounting resource scarcity, which has itself been accentuated by climate change. During the 1990s, global discourse moved from supply-driven sectoral interventions to more holistic approaches to water governance as part of larger socioeconomic and environmental processes. Integrated water resources management (IWRM) emphasized demand-side water management and used prices, participation, entitlements, laws and regulations to strengthen water governance at hydrological rather than territorial units. More recently, there have been pleas for more integrative approaches that link land, water, energy, food, livelihoods, [...]

Report

2023

Proceedings of the FAO Global Conference on Sustainable Plant Production. 2–4 November 2022

FAO organized its first ever Global Conference on Sustainable Plant Production (GPC) (Rome, 2 to 4 November 2022), with a focus on Innovation, Efficiency and Resilience. Its main objective was to provide a neutral forum for FAO Members, farmers, scientists, development agencies, policy makers, extensionists, civil society, opinion leaders and the private sector to engage in dialogues around sustainable plant production. To achieve impact towards implementing the 2030 Agenda, the GPC developed 20 actionable recommendations. The recommendations encompass all the thematic areas highlighted in the GPC, with a focus on adaptation to local contexts, needs of small-scale farmers, and include [...]

Report

2023

Reducing methane emissions in livestock systems in Asia and the Pacific Enhancing national climate actions through the Global Methane Pledge Workshop report Bangkok, Thailand, 24–26 October 2022. FAO Animal Production and Health Reports no. 19

This report highlightes outcomes and recommendations provided during the FAO regional expert workshop “Enhancing national climate actions to reduce methane emissions in livestock systems in Asia and the Pacific”. The regional workshop was designed to help countries in Asia and the Pacific identify new opportunities to reduce methane emissions from livestock systems in the region. The report illustrates best practices, solutions and ideas shared by countries and livestock stakeholders in Asia and the Pacific to achieve ambitious climate targets.

Tool

2023

Profil des systèmes alimentaires - Niger. Activer la transformation durable et inclusive de nos systèmes alimentaires

Les systèmes alimentaires sont directement liés à la réalisation de l’ensemble des objectifs de développement durable (ODD). L’impératif – et le défi – pour les systèmes alimentaires n’est pas seulement de produire des aliments pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, mais aussi de préserver les ressources naturelles et la biodiversité, et de contribuer à des moyens d’existence équitables à long terme pour toutes et tous. Ce document présente en une dizaine de pages un condensé des problématiques principales des systèmes alimentaires du Niger et les solutions possibles pour les rendre plus durables et inclusifs. Il est le résultat d'une [...]

Tool

2023

Addressing gender equality in sustainable soil management. A technical guide for policymakers and field practitioners

This technical guide for addressing gender equality in Sustainable Soil Management (SSM) is designed to provide an easily accessible and understandable reference on how to apply the Voluntary Guidelines on Sustainable Soil Management (VGSSM) for building healthy soils, while ensuring gender equality and women’s empowerment in all aspects of SSM. It is intended for use by a wide audience, including policymakers, public institutions and development partners, as well as by rural communities, farmers’ organizations, women and youth groups, and agricultural advisory services involved in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of soil management policies and programmes. The guide may also be [...]

Case study

2023

The relations between climate change and child labour in agriculture Evidence on children’s work trends after climate-related events in Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Nepal and Peru

Climate change-related events undermine children’s educational attainment, exposing them to child labour, hazardous work and forced migration. This nexus is particularly relevant for agriculture and its subsectors: indeed, they absorb about 26 percent of the economic impacts of climate change-related disasters and host 70 percent of all child labour. This study aims to identify the extent to which climate change-related events and impacts affect child labour in agriculture by exploring the underlying connection between the two challenges as the initial step towards integrating a child labour lens within the international community’s work on climate change. It showcases the multi-dimensional relationship through [...]

Issue paper

2023

Le système agricole et agroalimentaire tunisien face aux crises: focus sur la chaîne de valeur céréalière. Constats et réflexions pour la proposition d'un plan de relance à court et à moyen termes

Ce rapport met en évidence l'impact économique, financier et social de la crise de covid-19 sur le secteur agricole et agroalimentaire en Tunisie. En addition de ces impacts globaux, le rapport s'intéresse à l'expérience de certains pays d'Amérique latine où la sécurité alimentaire est une question clé dans la conduite des politiques publiques. Le rapport s'intéresse également à l'impact de la covid-19 sur la performance des chaînes de valeur agricoles et agroalimentaires en termes de commerce extérieur et présente les principaux facteurs de vulnérabilité et de contraintes de cette chaîne de valeur centrale dans la conduite des politiques publiques de [...]

Issue paper

2023

Managing water scarcity in Asia and the Pacific - A summary: Trends, experiences and recommendations for a resilient future

In the Asia–Pacific region, water resources form the basis of agrarian prosperity and economic development. However, increasing water demand due to population growth, rapid industrialisation and urbanisation, and a changing climate undermine those water resources. Like many parts of the world, Asia–Pacific faces increasing water scarcity, with varying characteristics, causes and trends across a diverse range of countries at different stages of development. Understanding of the spatial and temporal differences in water scarcity across the region is, however, limited, and while policies and management strategies are under development in all countries, their effectiveness varies significantly. Responses to water scarcity are often [...]

Case study

2023

Analyse de la gouvernance de l’eau dans la basse vallée de la Medjerda - Tunisie

En 2022, dans le cadre du projet «Efficacité, productivité et durabilité de l’eau dans la région du Proche-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord», l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) a appuyé le Gouvernement tunisien dans l’analyse de la comptabilité de l’eau en combinaison avec l’analyse de la gouvernance de l’eau dans la basse vallée de la Medjerda (BVM). La BVM a été retenue pour son importance capitale dans le système hydraulique du nord du pays. En effet, la Medjerda, principal fleuve du pays, représente l’essentiel des réserves nationales en eau de surface, irrigue 80 000 hectares de terres [...]

Report

2023

Legal report on the ecosystem approach to fisheries in Sri Lanka: An analysis of the ecosystem approach to fisheries in selected national policy and legal instruments of Sri Lanka

Legislating for an ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) is complex, due to the holistic nature of EAF involving multiple factors that underpin the social, economic, environmental, and institutional aspects of fisheries sustainability. These factors include ecosystems integration, risks, intersectoral collaboration, research, participatory processes, monitoring, control, surveillance, and enforcement, among others. To assess how an EAF is being implemented through national policy and legal frameworks, FAO developed a diagnostic tool for implementing an ecosystem approach to fisheries through national policy and legal frameworks. The present legal report on the EAF used the diagnostic tool to assess the alignment of selected policy and [...]