The Right to Food around the Globe

  South Sudan

The Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan has directive principles that contribute to the realization of the right to adequate food.

The Republic of South Sudan is not yet a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Directive principles of state policy

Article 35(2): “Guiding Objectives and Principles. - This Constitution shall be interpreted and applied to advance the individual dignity and address the particular needs of the people by dedicating public resources and focusing attention on the provision of gainful employment for the people, and improving their lives by building roads, schools, airports, community institutions, hospitals, providing clean water, food security, electric power and telecommunication services to every part of the country.” 

 

National status of international obligations

Article 9(3): “Nature of the Bill of Right - All rights and freedoms enshrined in international human rights treaties, covenants and instruments ratified or acceded to by the Republic of South Sudan shall be an integral part of this Bill.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 1(5): “South Sudan is founded on justice, equality, respect for human dignity and advancement of human rights and fundamental freedoms.” 

Article 37(1): “The principal objective of the economic development strategy shall be the:  

(a) eradication of poverty;

(b) attainment of the Millennium Development Goals;

(c) guaranteeing the equitable distribution of wealth;

(d) redressing imbalances of income; and

(e) achieving a decent standard of life for the people of South Sudan."

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status:

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (2015)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (2015)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: -

Legislation and policies recognizing the right to adequate food

Guidance on how to progressively realise the human right to adequate food in contexts of national food security has been provided by the Right to Food Guidelines, adopted by the FAO Council and endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security.

Considering that the human right to adequate food can be implemented through a variety of legal and policy actions, we invite you to visit the FAOLEX Country Profile database for a wide-ranging collection of measures that have been taken at national level. Some of the documents you may find are legislation and policies that touch on a number of relevant Guidelines, such as those on Access to resources and assets (Guideline 8), Food safety and consumer protection (Guideline 9), Support for vulnerable groups (Guideline 13) and Natural and human-made disasters (Guideline 16).

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