The Right to Food around the Globe


The Constitution of Turkmenistan does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.

Turkmenistan has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1997 by way of accession.


National status of international obligations

Article 6: “[...]Turkmenistan recognizes the priority of the universally accepted norms of international law. If an international treaty (contract) of Turkmenistan establishes rules other than those stipulated by the laws of Turkmenistan, the rules of international treaty will apply.[...]”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 3.2: “The state is responsible for every citizen and creates conditions for free development of the individual, protects the life, honour, dignity and freedom, personal integrity, natural and inalienable rights of the citizen.”

Article 33: “Citizens have the right to work, choice of profession at their own discretion, sort of employment and place of work, to safe and healthy working conditions. Wage earners are entitled to compensation, appropriate to amount and quality of work. This compensation cannot be less than the subsistence minimum established by the state.”


Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1997)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1997)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Accession (2008)

Legislation and policies recognizing the right to adequate food

Guidance on how to progressively realise the human right to adequate food in contexts of national food security has been provided by the Right to Food Guidelines, adopted by the FAO Council and endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security.

Considering that the human right to adequate food can be implemented through a variety of legal and policy actions, we invite you to visit the FAOLEX Country Profile database for a wide-ranging collection of measures that have been taken at national level. Some of the documents you may find are legislation and policies that touch on a number of relevant Guidelines, such as those on Access to resources and assets (Guideline 8), Food safety and consumer protection (Guideline 9), Support for vulnerable groups (Guideline 13) and Natural and human-made disasters (Guideline 16).

Here below you can find policies and legislation that explicitly mention the right to food

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