Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Wildlife Management

This module is intended for practitioners, policymakers, forest managers, students and other stakeholders involved in wildlife management. It outlines the definition, the value and importance of wildlife resources and its sustainable management. This module also addresses some current issues that are coming up at the point where wildlife management intersects with food security, livelihoods and well-being, and offers a forest-specific perspective where appropriate.

The Rungwa-Ruaha landscape in United Republic of Tanzania at nearly 50 000 km2 is one of the most important wildlife areas in Africa and it supports one of the world’s largest remaining populations of lions Panthera leo and globally significant populations of African wild dogs Lycaon pictus, cheetahs Acinonyx jubatus,...
The presence of forested islands creates edge habitats for many wildlife species, such as jaguar Panthera onca, tapir Tapirus terrestris, capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris, harpy eagle Harpia harpyja, to name a few. The human population density in the region is very low (0.4 people/km2), with communities consisting of predominantly indigenous Makushi...
Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) is one of four parks in the world adjacent to a large metropolis, that occupies about 100 km2 with a minimum density of ~20 000 people/km2 and contains diverse wildlife such as chital Axis axis, sambhar Rusa unicolor, mugger crocodiles Crocodylus palustris, macaques Macaca mulatta...
Water – drinkable, usable water – is likely to be one of the most limiting resources in the future, given the growing global population, the high water demand of most agricultural production systems, and the confounding effects of climate change. We need to manage water wisely – efficiently, cost-effectively and...
Commercial logging in tropical forests can degrade ecosystems and fragment habitats, threatening biodiversity. However, when logging is responsibly managed, it has the potential to support local livelihoods and economic development while conserving biodiversity and the other vital services that forests provide. To understand more about the impacts of forest management...
Forest and wildlife resources are indispensable for the provision of ecosystem goods and services; as well as spiritual and cultural values in rural areas. In most unprotected areas, these resources are increasingly under threat prompting indigenous communities to apply their local knowledge in an effort to conserve them. This study...
Large areas of tropical forest have been designated for timber production. In this study, large-scale camera trap surveys were used to evaluate terrestrial mammal communities, with special emphasis on jaguars, in FSC certified logging concessions in Guatemala and Peru and assess the impact of reduced-impact logging in certified concessions upon...
Increasing habitat fragmentation and human population growth in Africa has resulted in an escalation in human-elephant conflict between small-scale farmers and free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta Africana). This article tested the efficacy of a beehive fence design to keep elephants away from invading small-scale farms, as part of the 10-year Conservation...
In Kwandu Conservancy, the effects of human-wildlife conflict are ongoing, reaching beyond direct material losses to include hidden impacts such as persistent worries about food insecurity, fears for physical safety, and lost investments. Existing vulnerabilities make some women more susceptible to wildlife impacts, and less able to recover from losses...
This study case examines Human Wildlife Conflict-HWC in an agricultural village located at the border of Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand, India. It investigates: what are the “visible” and “hidden” costs of such conflict with wildlife? To what extent are these costs differentially borne by men and women? How do...
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