Table 1: Outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in North Africa since 1977*

Year

Morocco

Algeria

Tunisia

Libya

Egypt

1997

A

A

-

O

O, A

1978

A

A

-

O

O, A

1979

-

-

A

A

O, A

1980

-

-

A

-

O, A

1981

-

-

-

O

-

1982

-

-

A

O

O

1983

A

-

-

O

O

1984

-

-

-

0

-

1985

-

-

-

-

-

1986

-

-

-

-

-

1987

-

-

-

-

O

1988

-

-

-

O

O†‡

1989

-

-

O

O†§

-

1990

O

O

O

O§

O

1991

O

O

O§

-

O

1992

O

O

-

-

-

1993

O

O

-

-

O

1994

O

-

O

O

O

1995

-

-

-

-

O

1996

-

-

-

-

O

1997

-

-

-

-

O

1998

-

-

-

-

O

1999

O

O

O

-

O

* compiled from FAO-WHO-OIE Animal Health Year books, records of the FAO/OIE WRL for FMD and Samuel et al. (1999)

† confirmed by the WRL for FMD

‡ only in water-buffalo

§ only in sheep and goats

+ FMD reported but serotype unknown

- not reported